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Flashcards in Epithelium Deck (37)
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1

What is epithelium

highly cohesive sheet of cells that lines the cavities of organs, covers or lines body surfaces and forms the functional units of secretory glands.

2

Basic functions of epithelium.

protection sand covering of surfaces
lubrication of surfaces
absorption
secretion
exchange of substances

3

What surfaces of the body do epithelium line?

All external and internal surfaces of the body. All substances that ever to leave tissues and organs must cross and epithelium.

4

What mechanism do epithelial cells renew?

by mitosis at a variable rate and lack blood supply.

5

how are nutrients delivered to epithelium?

by diffusion from tissue

6

How are the cell layers of epithelium maintained?

Specific cell adhesion molecules and intercellular junctions and the cells are attached or anchored to a connective tissue striation called basal lamina

7

What are the 8 different types of epithelium?

Pseudostratified
Transitional (urothelium)
simple squamous
simple cuboidal
simple columnar
stratified squamous
stratified cuboidal
stratified columnar

8

Characteristics of simple squamous?

single layer of flat cells with spinal-shaped nucleus

9

Function of simple squamous?

lining, exchange, lubrication

10

Location fo simple squamous?

lining of blood vessels (endothelium), lining of body cavities (mesothelium), lining of organs (serosa), lining of respiratory spaces (alveoli) in the lung.

11

Characteristics of simple cuboidal?

single layer of cells of equal height and width with a round centrally placed nucleus

12

Function of simple cuboidal?

absorption; secretion

13

Location fo simple cuboidal?

small ducts of exocrine glands, surface of ovary, kidney tulles, thyroid gland follicles

14

Characteristics of simple columnar?

single layer of cells taller than they are wide with a round or oblong nucleus located centrally or toward the basal region of the cell.

15

Function of simple columnar?

absorption and secretion, protection, lubrication

16

Location fo simple columnar?

lining of gastrointestinal system, lining of gallbladder, lining of some large ducts

17

Characteristics of stratified squamous?

multiple layers of cells with the outermost layer of cells squamous-shaped

18

Function of stratified squamous?

protection and secretion

19

Location of stratified squamous?

epidermis, lining of oral cavity, esophagus and vagina

20

Characteristics of stratified cuboidal?

multiple layers of cells with outermost layer cuboidal-shaped

21

Function of stratified cuboidal?

absorption and secretion

22

Location fo stratified cuboidal?

sweat glands and ducts, larger ducts of exocrine glands

23

Characteristics of stratified columnar?

multiple layer of cells with outermost layer columnar-shaped

24

Function of stratified columnar?

secretion, absorption, and protection

25

Location fo stratified columnar?

largest ducts of exocrine glands and conjunctiva of eye

26

Characteristics of pseudostratified?

although it appears stratified is composed of only one cell layer of vernally columnar cells. ALL cells tough the basement membrane even though they do not all reach the luminal surface. typically have cilia on apical surface.

27

Function of pseudostratified?

section and absorption; lubrication

28

Location of pseudostratified?

lining of trachea, bronchi, nasal cavity, reproductive tract (ductus deferent, oviduct)

29

Characteristics of transitional (urothelium)?

stratified epithelium found exclusively in part of the renal system. the shape of the top layer can change based on dissension of the underlying tissue. Accurate classification depends on knowing where it is found.

30

Function of transitional (urothelium)?

distensibility (capacity to swell as result from pressure inside)