Ergogenic Supplements Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ergogenic Supplements Deck (52)
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1

T/F Most athletes have such a strong ethical objection to performance enhancing drugs that 98% of them said in a survey that they would never consume such substances, even if they couldn't get caught.

FALSE
98% of them said they would.
50% of them said they would even if they killed them. Oh dear.

2

T/F Even the young little chickens in high school are using performance enhancing drugs.

True. Sad. like 3000 students were surveyed, discovered or something.
Use for a variety of purposes: weight gain, weight loss, performance enhancement

3

Who uses anabolic steroids more: boys or girls?

boys

4

List from most important to least important, where kids considering drugs get their trusted info about health.

Professional Athletes
Teachers
Parents
Physicians

5

How do most physicians view ergogenic supplements?

doesn't seem to make much impact anyway, & we don't know if it could be dangerous-->so don't take it!
It's expensive.
This is a medical issue-stop asking your coach!

6

How do most athletes view ergogenic supplements?

It may be hard to measure effectiveness, but all I need is a teeny edge to win.
If these are good substances in my body, I should pump more of them in there--more is def better!
Everyone is doing it--I need to keep my edge.
Who cares about potential risk-it's worth it if I can win.
This is a sports issue-forget the doc.

7

Who was a nutritional supplement role model for a lot of years? Which supplements did he take? Did he take anabolic steroids too?

Bill Romanowski
Coenzyme Q10
Vit C
Vit E
Creatine-muscles
EFA
HMB
Chondroitin-joints
Glutamine
Chromium
Copper
Zinc
Magnesium
Yes, he did take anabolic steroids on top of all of this!!!

8

What are the most common supplements used by division 1 college athletes? Do they also have great diets?

No, they don't rate their diets as wonderful, but they take a TON of supplements.
Most common:
creatine, protein powder, caffeine, ginseng, amino acids, vitamin C, vitamin E, MVI, zinc, copper, magnesium

9

What are the most common sources of info for d1 athletes?

Coach
Friend
Book
Physician
Nutritionist

10

What are the 2 most common, safe & effective supplements?

caffeine
creatine

11

Where is Creatine found in your body? How much do you need of creatine per day? How much do athletes often take per day?

Skeletal muscle
You need: 2 g/day
Athletes take: 20-30g/day

12

What is the fcn of creatine?

Enhances regeneration of ATP, increased capacity for high-intensity, short- duration power and endurance training.

13

Does creatine help w/ endurance exercise or VO2 max?

NO

14

How might creatine be helpful?

it doesn't help you on game day, but it does help increase training intensity
enhances recovery

15

Why is creatine often not that helpful?

b/c ppl have variable responses
people use it inconsistently

16

What are the potential side effects of creatine supplementation?

GI & muscle cramping
water retention
weight gain
potential muscle tears

17

What is the most widely consumed drug in the world?

Caffeine

18

What is the effect of caffeine?

increased time to fatigue
increased lipolysis
glycogen sparing
FFA mobilization

19

What is the only proven effective ergogenic supplement that is allowed in sports?

Caffeine

20

T/F Athletes have a range of caffeine that is acceptable to have in their urine.

True. Can't exceed a certain amt, about 3 cups of coffee
Normal person's intake: 100-300mg
Studies have been done up to 1000mg

21

T/F If I drink 5 cups of coffee instead of one the morning before my 10K it will really improve my time.

Probably not b/c I am a recreational exerciser. In an untrained, recreational athlete, this doesn't have much effect.

22

T/F Magnitude of benefit>measurement error in caffeine studies.

False. Less than.

23

What is something you might have to do to get the caffeine to help you on game day?

Be abstinent during training so that you are not tolerant & then pump the caffeine the morning of.

24

What is the downside to caffeine usage?

the possibility of caffeine toxicity.

25

What are some dangerous, illegal, but effective supplements?

Anabolic steroids
HMB (beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate)
Human growth hormone
Erythropoietin
Stimulants (amphetamines)

26

T/F Anabolic steroids are easy to detect.

False. They are difficult to detect often b/c of the stacking regimens used.

27

What are anabolic steroids effective in doing?

increasing strength, power, recovery

28

How are anabolic steroids dangerous?

acne
testicular atrophy
liver cancer
rage
depression

29

How does DHEA work? Note: this is banned by the FDA.

It gets converted into estrogen or testosterone
causes increased levels of IGF-1 & GH

30

What does DHEA do?

increases muscle mass
decreases fat mass if you exercise