Erythroderma Flashcards Preview

B - Dermatology > Erythroderma > Flashcards

Flashcards in Erythroderma Deck (19):
1

What is erythroderma?

Generalised redness of the skin that involves all, or nearly all (usually 90%) of the skin's surface

2

What can cause erythroderma?

- Eczema
- Psoriasis
- Lymphoma and leukaemia
- Drugs
- Idiopathic
- Rare causes

3

What types of eczema can cause erythroderma?

- Atopic
- Seborrhoeic
- Contact allergic

4

What drugs can cause erythroderma?

- Sulphonamides
- Isoniazid
- Penicillin

5

What are the rare causes of erythroderma?

- Dermatomyositis
- Pityriasis

6

What is a risk factor for erythroderma?

Male

7

At what speed doe erythroderma spread?

Quickly

8

How may the patient feel in erythroderma?

- Hot to touch
- Feels cold themselves

9

What can happen to skin in erythroderma after 2-6 days?

Scaling and thickening of the skin

10

What can happen to the scalp in erythroderma after a few weeks?

Thickening and loss of hair

11

What can happen to nails in erythroderma?

Thickening, ridge appearance and loss

12

What can happen to the lymph nodes in erythroderma?

Lymphadenopathy

13

What may aid the diagnosis of erythroderma?

Biopsy

14

What will be required to find the underlying cause of erythroderma?

A thorough work up including FBC and peripheral blood film to look for abnormal cells

15

How should a presentation of erythroderma be treated?

As a medical emergency and discussed with a dermatologist

16

When will a patient with erythroderma need admitting?

If they are systemically compromised or are high risk e.g. elderly, living alone etc.

17

What does management of erythroderma include?

- Topical steroids
- Large quantities of emollients
- Stopping all non-essential medications

18

What must be considered when using topical steroids in erythroderma?

Skin barrier function is compromised so there is larger amounts of absorption

19

What are the potential complications of erythroderma?

- Secondary bacterial infection
- Dehydration
- Impaired thermoregulation and hypothermia
- Cardiac failure
- Overwhelming infection
- Protein loss and oedema
- Death