ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ETHICAL AND LEGAL ISSUES Deck (35):
1

Kantianism

Ethical theory by which decisions are based on a sense of duty

2

Libel

Writing false and malicious information about a person

3

Battery

The unconsented touching of another person.

4

Criminal law

Provides protection from conduct deemed injurious to the public welfare.

5

Nonmaleficence

. Abstaining from negative acts toward another, including acting carefully to
avoid harm.

6

Assault

An act that results in a person’s genuine fear and apprehension that he or she
will be touched without consent.

7

Natural law

The theory on which decisions are based in which evil acts are never
condoned, even if they are intended to advance the noblest of ends.

8

Torts

A violation of a civil law in which an individual has been wronged.

9

Utilitarianism

The ethical theory on which decisions are based that ensure the greatest
happiness to the greatest number of people.

10

False imprisonment

The deliberate and unauthorized confinement of a person within fixed limits
by the use of threat or force.

11

Malpractice

The failure of a professional to perform or to refrain from performing in a
manner in which a reputable member within the profession would be expected
to do so.

12

Beneficence

An ethical principle that refers to one’s duty to benefit or promote the good
of others

13

Statutory law

. Law that has been enacted by legislative bodies

14

Slander

Verbalizing false and malicious information about a person

15

Ethical egoism

An ethical theory that espouses making decisions based on what is most
advantageous for the person making the decision

16

Common law

Law that is derived from decisions made in previous cases

17

Civil law

Law that protects the private and property rights of individuals and businesses.

18

Christian ethics

The ethical theory that espouses “Do unto others as you would have others
do unto you.”

19

Veracity

Ethical theory that refers to one’s duty to always be truthful.

20

Mental illness is

defined in relation to the culture, time in history, political
system, and group in which it occurs.

21

The single most important action nurses can take to protect the rights of a psychiatric patient is
to:

be aware of that state’s laws regarding care and treatment of the mentally ill.

22

Nurse Practice Acts

defines the legal parameters of professional and practical nursing

23

Veracity

ones duty to always be truthful

24

Restrains

set of leather straps that are used to restrain the extremities of an individual whose behavior is out of control and who poses danger to others.

25

Seclusion

client is confined alone in a room from which he or she is unable to leave

26

JCAHO

The Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations ; restrains and seclusion standards

27

Involuntary Commitment

1. Emergency Commitments (court hearing within 72 hours)
2. The mentally ill person in need of treatment
3. Involuntary outpatient commitment (court orders treatment
4. The gravely disabled client ( unable to take care of basic personal needs)

28

Milieu Therapy

provide safe and therapeutic environment

29

Peplau : subroles within the role of the nurse

1. The Stranger
2. The Resource Person
3. The Teacher
4. The Leader
5. The Surrogate (nurse as symbol of other individual - mother, teacher..)
6. The Counselor - emphasis

30

Phases of therapeutic nurse-client relationship

1. Preinteraction ( explore self-perceptions)
2. Orientation (introductory) - establish trust, formulate contract for intervention
3. Working phase - promote client change;
4. Termination phase -evaluate goal attainment, ensure therapeutic closure

31

Transference

client unconsciously displaces to the nurse feeling formed toward a person from the past .

32

Countertransference

nurses behavioral and emotional response to the client

33

Therapeutic use of self

the ability to use ones personality consciously

34

Rapport

special feelings between two people based on acceptance , warmth, friendliness, and shared common interest

35

when shared information is detrimental to the clients reputation

Defamation of character