Ex. 29 Blood and Body Systems Overview Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ex. 29 Blood and Body Systems Overview Deck (79):
1

15% of total body weight and has a composition similar to plasma.

Interstitial Fluid

2

carries blood away from the heart

Artery

3

site of exchange

capillary

4

carries blood twards the heart

vein

5

Bline ended capillaries absorb axcess fluid and recycle it into large veins.

Lymphatic circulation

6

Largest veins

Superior and inferior venea cavae

7

Pulmonary arteries contain blood with ________ levels of O2 and ________ levels of CO2?

low levels of O2 and high levels of CO2.

8

the largest artery

Aorta

9

deliver blood to the myocardium (heart muscle)

coronary arteries

10

Name the 3 structures in the systemic circulation:

  1. carotid arteries
  2. baroreceptors
  3. chemoreceptors

 

11

baroreceptors detect change in _________?

blood pressure

12

chemoreceptors detect change in ______?

pH

13

What is the center for temporature and water balance, autonomics?

Hypothalamus

14

What 2 dirrect acting hormones are secreated by the hypothalmus?

  1. ADH
  2. oxytocin

 

15

HHPS 

Hypothalamic Hypophyseal Portal System

16

capillary-vein-capillary describes what kind of system?

protal system

17

The hypothalmous secreats releasing and inhibiting hormones that affect __________?

anterior pituitary

18

The Anterior Pituitary Gland is also called the _____________?

Adenohypothysis

19

Name the 7 hormones released by the anterior pituitary:

FLAT PEG

  1. FSH
  2. LH
  3. ACTH
  4. TSH
  5. PRL
  6. Endorphins
  7. GH

 

20

List the 3 structures that blood must pass through to travel from the brain to the heart:

  1. Dural Sinuses
  2. Jugular veins
  3. Superior Vena Cava

21

The ______ artery leads to the liver?

hepatic artery

22

What is a sinusoid and where is it most often found?

A leaky blood capillary that is irregulary shaped. Most often found in the liver.

23

Known as the "mixed gland" this gland has both endocrine and exocrine functions?

pancreas

24

What is the exocrine function of the pancreas?

secretion of digestive enzymens and sodium bicarbonate into the pancreatic duct that opens into the small intestine.

25

What is the endocrine function of the pancreas?

secreates the hormones glucagon and insulin into the pancreatic vein via the HPV

26

HPV

Hepatic Portal Vein

27

Name 2 functions of the arteries leading to the GI tract:

  1. digestion
  2. absorption

 

28

Name the artery leading to the spleen?

Splenic artery

29

Name 2 functions of the spleen:

  1. produces macrophages and lymphocytes for defence
  2. recyles old RBCs

30

Name the 2 components of heme:

  1. Fe2+
  2. bilirubin

31

globin is made up of what?

protein

32

the splenic vein leads to the _______ vein?

Hepatic Portal Vein (HPV)

33

The Hepatic Protal Vein (HPV) leads to what organ?

The liver.

34

Name 7 functions of the liver:

  1. Processes glucose into glycogen
  2. Prodeces plasma proteins like albumen
  3. stores fat-soluble vitamins A, D, E, and K
  4. produces bile (bilirubin and cholesterol
  5. stores Fe2+
  6. contians macrophages 
  7. detoxifies drugs and alcohol

35

Drains bile from liver into the gall bladder?

Hepatic Duct

36

Drains bile from the gall bladder?

Cystic duct

37

the cystic and hepaic duct combine to form the __________ duct?

common bile duct.

38

The common bile duct carries digestive enzymes from the _______ and bile form the _______ to the small intestine?

enzymes from the pancreas and bile from the liver to the small intestine.

39

Cleansed and nutrient-rich blood is drained from the liver by the __________ vein?

hepatic vein.

40

The ______ arteries supply the kidneys?

renal arteries.

41

Name 3 functions of the kidneys:

  1. Urine formmation
  2. Blood pressure regulation
  3. Production of Erythropoietin (hormone)

42

Endocrine organs produce and release ___________?

hormones

43

Spungy bone produces ________ & ________.

Ca2+ & red blood cells.

44

Name the 3 waste products from muscle metabolism:

  1. CO2
  2. heat
  3. lactic acid

 

45

What 2 hormones affect the reproductive organs?

  1. FSH
  2. LH

 

46

Name 3 hormones produced by the reproductive organs:

  1. estrogen
  2. progesterone
  3. testosterone

 

47

What system regulates periferal circulartion to the skin and what is its purpous?

Periferal nervous system regulates periferal circulation inorder to regulate body temporature.

48

Name 3 finctions of the blood supply to the lymphatic organs:

  1. defence
  • phagocytosis
  • production of antibodies

49

Name 2 functions of lymphatic circulation through lymph nodes:

  1. filters and destroys pathogens
  2. recycles excess fluids into blood circulation

50

Blood is considered_______ tissue?

connective tissue.

51

connetive tissue consists of what 2 elements?

  1. Cells
  2. Matrix

52

matrix in the blood is also known as what?

blood plasma

53

blood plasma is composed of what 6 elements?

  1. water
  2. electrolytes
  3. proteins
  4. hormones
  5. antibodies
  6. nutrients

 

54

Name the 3 types of cells found in blood:

  1. WBC - lukocytes
  2. RBC - erithrocytes
  3. platelets

55

What is the normal RBC content per mm3 ?

4-6 million cells / mm3

56

What is the function of RBC?

to carrie O2 

57

What are the normal ranges for Hemoglobin (Hb) in men and women respectively?

Men:     14-18gm / 100ml

Women:    12-16gm / 100ml

58

What is the function of platets?

clotting

59

What is the normal blood platelet range?

150,000 - 450,000 platelets / mm3

60

What is the function of WBC?

defense

61

What is the normal range of WBC in the blood?

4000 - 11,000 cells / mm3

62

Name 2 types of WBC:

  1. Granulocytes
  2. Agranulocytes

63

What is this?

Q image thumb

Basophil

64

What is this?

Q image thumb

Eosinophil

65

What is this?

Q image thumb

Lymphocyte

66

What is this?

Q image thumb

Monocyte

67

What is this?

Q image thumb

Neutrophil

68

Name 3 charictoristics of Granulocytes:

  1. phogocytes
  2. cytoplasmic granules
  3. lobed nuclei

69

Name 2 charictoristics of agranulocytes:

  1. no granulocytes
  2. sperical or kidney-shaped nuclei

70

Name the 5 types of WBC and their percent WBC content:

  1. Neutrophils 40-70%
  2. Lymphocytes 20-45%
  3. Monocytes 4-8%
  4. Eosinophils 1-4%
  5. Basophils 0.5%

71

Name 2 types of agranulocytes and their functions:

  1. Lymphocytes - produce antibodies
  2. Monocytes - are precurors to macrophages

72

Blood typing tests for _______ on the surface of RBCs?

antigens

73

Name the 4 major blood types and their respective antigen and antibody(s) if any.

  1. Type A, A antigen, Anti-B antibody
  2. Type B, B antigen, Anti-A antibody
  3. TypeAB, A and B antigen, NO antibodies! (univeral recipiant)
  4. Type O, neither A nor B antigens, Anti-A & Anti-B antibodies! (univeral donor)

74

D antigen present is called _______?

Rh+

75

D antigen NOT present is called ______?

Rh-

76

Anti-D antibody is not naturally produced. How is Anti-D antibody production occure?

Rh- blood must be exsposed to Rh+ blood. This often occures at child birth.

77

What is hematocrite a reading of, and what are normal percentages in men and woman respectively?

Hematocrite is the percent of RBC in total blood volume.

In men 42-50% is normal.

In women 35-45% is normal.

78

What is hemoglobin content a reading of, and what are normal values for men and woman respectivly?

Hemoglobin is the iorn containing protein within the blood responcible for carrying O2.

Normal amounts are:

Men 13-18 gm/mL blood

Women 12-16 gm/mL blood

79

What is the corrilation between hemoglobin and hematocrite?

Normally the hematocrite (%) should = 3 x hemoglobin (gm/mL)