Reproductive System Flashcards Preview

A&P2 Lab Quizes > Reproductive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive System Deck (64):
1

List the 3 function of the male reproductive system:

  1. Sperm production
  2. Hormone production
  3. Delivery of sperm to the female

2

List the 6 anitomical structures sperm must pass through in the male reproductive system:

SEVEN UP

  1. Seminiferous tubules
  2. Epididymis
  3. Vas Deferens
  4. Ejaculatory Duct
  5. Urethra
  6. Penis

3

What are 2 things that testes produce:

  1. sperm
  2. hormones

4

Where are the testes located?

In the scrotal sacs

5

What to the testes contain?

Seminiferous tubules

6

What are Seminiferous tubules?

"coiled tubes for sperm development"

7

Where do sperm mature and stored?

In the epididymis

8

The epididymis is lined with ______________.

Pseudostratified columnar epithelium with steriocilia

9

What structure delivers sperm out of the scrotum toward the pelvic cavity?

The Vas Deferens

10

What structure passes through the prostate gland into the urethra?

The Ejaculatory Duct

11

What is the tube that extends through the penis?

The urethra

12

What are the 3 section of the male urethra?

  1. prostatic
  2. membranous
  3. spongy

13

Name the 3 bands of erectile tissue which engorge with blood during erection:

  • 1 Corpus spongiosum
  • 2 Corpora cavernosa

14

What structures are responsible for production of seminal fluid?

Accessory Glands

15

__________ vesicles produces fluid containing fructose?

Seminal Vesicles

16

___________ produces a milky, alkaline fluid that functions to buffer the acidic environment of the vagina.

The Prostate Gland

17

_____________ produces enzymes to activate sperm?

Prostate Gland

18

________________ produce a clear, thick fluid that neutralizes acidic urine in the urethra prior ejaculation.

Bulbourethral glands

19

Sperm development which begins at puberty is called ______________.

spermatogenesis

20

Name the 5 states of sperm:

  1. Spermatogonia (stem cells)
  2. Primary spermatocyte (condensed chromatin)
  3. Secondary spermatocyte (not visable)
  4. Spermatids (non motile)
  5. Mature sperm (spermatozoon)

21

_____________ cells form the "blood testis barrier."

Sertoli cells (Sustenacular)

22

_____________ interstitial cells produce the hormone testosterone.

Cells of Leydig

23

__________ are the site of development for female sex cells and sex hormone production.

Ovaries

24

Name the 2 hormones produced by the overies:

  1. Estrogen
  2. Progesterone

25

Name the 3 female sex cells:

  1. Oocyte
  2. egg
  3. ovum

26

________ is the process of egg development where the egg is enclosed by a follicle.

Oogenesis

27

Name the 4 states of Follicular Development:

  1. Primordial follicle
  2. Primary follicle
  3. Secondary follicle
  4. Graafian (Vesicular) follicle

28

____________ follicle is present in overies form birth.

Primordial follicle

29

The Primordial follicle is composed of ____________ epithelium?

simple squamous epithelium

30

The Priamry follicle is composed of ____________ epithelial cells?

simple cuboidal cells

31

The seconday follicle consists of what 2 structures:

  1. several layers of cuboidal cells
  2. a fluid filled cavity called the antrum

32

The ___________ is the mature follicle that consists of a corona radiata that surrounds the oocyte and moves it to the edge of the follicle?

Graafian (Vesicular) follicle

33

___________ is the bright pink glycoprotein membrane that encapsulates the mature Graafian follicle. 

SPELL IT!

Zona pellucidum

34

Name the 3 additional sex organs in the female:

  1. Fallopian Tubes
  2. Uterus
  3. Vagina

35

Name the 2 components of the Fallopian Tubes:

  1. oviducts
  2. uterine tubes

36

What is the function of the Fallopian Tubes?

Passage of the ovum to the uterus.

37

___________ are finger like projections found in the Fallopian Tubes.

Fimbriae

38

Name the 4 layers of the Uterus:

  1. visceral peritoneum
  2. myometrium
  3. endometrium
  4. cervix

39

What is the myometrium? What is its function?

A thick smooth muscle that functions to move the fetus into the birth cannal during labor.

40

The endometrium consists of a __________.

mucosal lining

41

Name the 2 mucosal layers of the endometrium:

  1. functional layer
  2. basal layer

42

The __________ layer of the endometrum is shed during menstruation.

functional layer

43

The ___________ layer of the endometrum replenishes the functional layer of the endometrium.

basal layer

44

__________ is the opening to the uterus from the vagina.

cervix

45

The monthly cycle causes changes in both the _______ AND _______.

ovaries AND uterus

46

The length of the Uterian Cycle is ______ days.

28

47

What is the function of the Uterian Cycle?

It prepares the uterus for implantation of the ferilized egg.

48

Name the 3 phases of the Uterian Cycle:

  1. Menstrual
  2. Proliferative
  3. Secretory

49

During __________ phase of the Uterian Cycle the endometrium is shed and bleeding occures for an average of 5 days.

Menstrual phase

50

During _____________ phase of the Uterian Cycle the endometrum is repaired and ovulation occures around day 14.

Proliferative phase

51

During _______ phase the glands enlarge and the endometrium swells, days 15-28.

Secretory phase

52

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