List the 3 function of the male reproductive system:
Delivery of sperm to the female
List the 6 anitomical structures sperm must pass through in the male reproductive system:
- Seminiferous tubules
- Vas Deferens
- Ejaculatory Duct
What are 2 things that testes produce:
Where are the testes located?
In the scrotal sacs
What to the testes contain?
What are Seminiferous tubules?
"coiled tubes for sperm development"
Where do sperm mature and stored?
In the epididymis
The epididymis is lined with ______________.
Pseudostratified columnar epithelium with steriocilia
What structure delivers sperm out of the scrotum toward the pelvic cavity?
The Vas Deferens
What structure passes through the prostate gland into the urethra?
The Ejaculatory Duct
What is the tube that extends through the penis?
What are the 3 section of the male urethra?
Name the 3 bands of erectile tissue which engorge with blood during erection:
1 Corpus spongiosum
2 Corpora cavernosa
What structures are responsible for production of seminal fluid?
__________ vesicles produces fluid containing fructose?
___________ produces a milky, alkaline fluid that functions to buffer the acidic environment of the vagina.
The Prostate Gland
_____________ produces enzymes to activate sperm?
________________ produce a clear, thick fluid that neutralizes acidic urine in the urethra prior ejaculation.
Sperm development which begins at puberty is called ______________.
Name the 5 states of sperm:
Spermatogonia (stem cells)
Primary spermatocyte (condensed chromatin)
Secondary spermatocyte (not visable)
Spermatids (non motile)
Mature sperm (spermatozoon)
_____________ cells form the "blood testis barrier."
Sertoli cells (Sustenacular)
_____________ interstitial cells produce the hormone testosterone.
Cells of Leydig
__________ are the site of development for female sex cells and sex hormone production.
Name the 2 hormones produced by the overies:
Name the 3 female sex cells:
________ is the process of egg development where the egg is enclosed by a follicle.
Name the 4 states of Follicular Development:
Graafian (Vesicular) follicle
____________ follicle is present in overies form birth.
The Primordial follicle is composed of ____________ epithelium?
simple squamous epithelium
The Priamry follicle is composed of ____________ epithelial cells?
simple cuboidal cells
The seconday follicle consists of what 2 structures:
several layers of cuboidal cells
a fluid filled cavity called the antrum
The ___________ is the mature follicle that consists of a corona radiata that surrounds the oocyte and moves it to the edge of the follicle?
Graafian (Vesicular) follicle
___________ is the bright pink glycoprotein membrane that encapsulates the mature Graafian follicle.
Name the 3 additional sex organs in the female:
Name the 2 components of the Fallopian Tubes:
What is the function of the Fallopian Tubes?
Passage of the ovum to the uterus.
___________ are finger like projections found in the Fallopian Tubes.
Name the 4 layers of the Uterus:
What is the myometrium? What is its function?
A thick smooth muscle that functions to move the fetus into the birth cannal during labor.
The endometrium consists of a __________.
Name the 2 mucosal layers of the endometrium:
The __________ layer of the endometrum is shed during menstruation.
The ___________ layer of the endometrum replenishes the functional layer of the endometrium.
__________ is the opening to the uterus from the vagina.
The monthly cycle causes changes in both the _______ AND _______.
ovaries AND uterus
The length of the Uterian Cycle is ______ days.
What is the function of the Uterian Cycle?
It prepares the uterus for implantation of the ferilized egg.
Name the 3 phases of the Uterian Cycle:
During __________ phase of the Uterian Cycle the endometrium is shed and bleeding occures for an average of 5 days.
During _____________ phase of the Uterian Cycle the endometrum is repaired and ovulation occures around day 14.
During _______ phase the glands enlarge and the endometrium swells, days 15-28.