Digestive System Flashcards Preview

A&P2 Lab Quizes > Digestive System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Digestive System Deck (54):
1

Q image thumb

A image thumb
2

Q image thumb

A image thumb
3

Q image thumb

A image thumb
4

Q image thumb

A image thumb
5

Q image thumb

A image thumb
6

Q image thumb

A image thumb
7

Q image thumb

A image thumb
8

Q image thumb

A image thumb
9

Q image thumb

A image thumb
10

Q image thumb

A image thumb
11

What are the 3 processes of digestion?

  1. Mechanical digestion
  2. Chemical digestion
  3. Absorption

12

What are the 2 orgainizational parts to the digestive system?

  1. Alimentary Canal - mouth through anus
  2. Accessory organs - organs that secrete into the Alimentary canal

13

Name the 4 layers of the GI Tract wall:

  1. Mucosa
  2. Submucosa
  3. Muscularis Externa
  4. Serosa

14

Name the 3 layers within the Mucosa:

  1. Epithelium
  2. Lamina propria
  3. Muscularis mucosa

15

Name 4 things / structures that the Submucosa contains:

  1. blood
  2. nerves
  3. glands
  4. lymph nodes

16

Name the two smooth muscle layers in found in the Muscularis Externa:

 

  1. Circular layer
  2. Longitudinal Layer

17

Name the two serous membranes that cover and connect the organs:

  1. Parietal peritoneum
  2. Viseral peritoneum

18

Name the function of the Greater Omentum.

Connects the stomach to the transverse colon

19

Name the function of the Lesser Omentum.

Connects the small intestine to the posterior body wall

20

Name the function of the Transverse Mesocolon.

Connects the transverse colon to the body wall.

21

Name 2 function of the mouth:

  1. mechanical digestion
  2. chemical dgestion

22

What type of cells are found in the mouth?

Stratified Squamous epithealium

23

Name the type of cells found in the Pharynx and Esophagus.

Stratified squamous epithelium

24

Name 2 function of the stomach:

  1. chemical digestion of proteins
  2. mechanical mixing 

25

Name 5 structures / cell types found in the stomach:

  1. simple columnar epithelium
  2. Chief cells
  3. Parietal cells
  4. Muscularis externa
  5. Rugae

26

What is the function of Chief cells?

secretion of Pepsinogen

27

What is the function of Parietal cells?

Secretion of HCl

28

What is the name of the additional layer of muscle that the muscularis externa has in the stomach?

oblique layer

29

Folds that allow for exspansion of the stomach are called?

Rugae

30

Name the 3 section of the small intestine:

  1. Duodenum
  2. jejunum
  3. ileum

31

What are the 2 function of the small intestine?

  1. digestion
  2. absorption

32

What Name 6 unique cell types / structures found in the small intestine:

  1. simple columnar epithealium
  2. plicae circulares
  3. villi
  4. microvilli
  5. Brunner's glands
  6. Peyer's patches

33

What is the function of Plicae circulares, villi, and microvilli in the small intestine?

They increase the absorptive surface area in the lumen. 

34

Brunner's glands secrete ____________.

an alkaline mucus that protects the cells in the small intestine from the acid of the stomach.

35

Peyer's patches contain what that do what?

Lymphocytes for defence

36

Name 2 functions of the large intestine:

  1. absorption of water
  2. production of vitamin B and K

 

37

Name the structures in order starting with the entry of the small small intestine and ending with the anus.

cecum, appendix, ascending, transverse, decending, sigmoid colon, rectum, anus

38

What type of cells make up the epithelial surface of the large intestine?

simple columnar epithelium

39

What muscle that attaches to the large intestine causes it to form pockets?

tenia coli

40

What are the pockets in the large intestine called?

haustra

41

What is the dental formula for deciduous teeth?

2 incisors, 1 canine, 0 premolars, 2 molars

/

 2 incisors, 1 canine, 0 premolars, 2 molars

X

2

=

20 teeth

42

What is the dental formula for permanent teeth?

2 incisors, 1 canine, 2 premolars, 3 molars

/

2 incisors, 1 canine, 2 premolars, 3 molars

X

2

=

32 teeth

43

Name the 3 salivary glands found int he mouth:

  1. Parotid
  2. Submandibular
  3. Sublingual

44

What is the function of mucus cells?

secretion of lubricent for food.

45

What is the function of serous cells?

Secretion of salivary amylase

46

What is the function of the liver?

Production of bile

47

Name the 3 structures located in the protal triad:

  1. Hipatic portal vein
  2. Hipatic Artery
  3. Bile duct

48

Name 3 structures found within the liver lobule:

  1. central vein
  2. sinusoids
  3. kupffer cells

49

What is the function of Kupffer cells?

contain / produces macrophages within the sinusoids.

50

What is the function of the Gall Bladder?

Stores bile

51

What is another term for the panreas

the "mixed gland"

52

Name 2 cell types found in the Pancreas:

  1. Acini
  2. Islets of Langerhans

53

Name 2 substances that Acini cells secrete:

  1. digestive enzymes
  2. bicarbonate ions

54

Name 2 substances that the Islets of Langerhans secrete:

  1. Insulin
  2. Glucagon