Ex2 SG Abducens and Facial Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ex2 SG Abducens and Facial Deck (61):
1

Name the nucleus of origin which lies in the floor of the rhomboid fossa beneath the colliculus facialis a Nucleus of facial nerve b Nucleus of the trochlear nerve c nucleus of the oculomotor nerve d nucleus of abducens

d nucleus of abducens

2

What nerve causes the colliculus facialis? _________

Motor root of facial

3

Name the nerve which runs upwards, forwards and laterally through the pontine cistern, and pierces the dura mater lateral to the dorsum sellae.

Abducens

4

Name the nerve which travels through the cavernous sinus lying inferolateral to the internal carotid artery. a. Mandibular nerve c. maxillary nerve b. Oculomotor nerve d. abducens nerve

d. Abducens nerve

5

Name the nerve which passes through the common tendinous ring. a. frontal nerve b. trochlear nerve c. abducens nerve d. lacrimal nerve

c. abducens nerve

6

The abducens nerve communicates with ____ for the sympathetic nervous system.

Branch from the internal carotid plexus

7

Name the nerve which might cause converging strabismus with its lesion.

Compromised Abducens nerve

8

Name the sensory root of the facial cranial nerve.

Nervus intermedius

9

The apparent origin of the facial nerve lies at the inferior pontine sulcus, just lateral to the recess between _____________ and ___________.

olive and inferior cerebellar peduncle

10

Name four cranial nuclei and their modality related with the facial nerve.

nucleus of the facial nerve - branchial motor (efferent) - reticular formation nucleus of origin / superior salivatory - visceral motor (efferent) - reticular formation nucleus of origin / tractus solitarius - special sense (parasympathetic) - medulla oblongata - sends fibers to thalamus (nucleus of termination) / Spinal nucleus of trigeminal - somatic sensory

11

Name four cranial nuclei and their target organ(s) related with the facial nerve.

The facial nerve supplies branchial efferent fibers to the facialand auricular muscles, Superior salivatory nucleus sends its visceral efferent fibers to join the nervus intermedius, Tractus solitarius nucleus (upper part) receives taste sense fibers from the sensory root and sends efferent fibers to ventral lateral thalamus nuclei opposite side,Spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve receives general sensory fibers through the sensory root from the skin of the auricular concha and external acoustic meatus by the temporal nerve

12

Name the nucleus, which sends visceral motor fibers to the submandibular, sublingual & lacrimal glands.

Superior salivatory nucleus
(Nervus intermedius)

13

Name the visceral efferent cranial nucleus and their peripheral ganglion.

superior salvitory

14

At the lateral end of the acoustic meatus, the facial nerve enters the _____ to reach the ______.

Facial Canal, stylomastoid foramen

15

Name four nerves, which communicate with the facial nerve at the stylomastoid foramen.

Glossopharyngeal, vagus, great auricular, & auriculotemporal nerves.

16

Name two ganglia, which communicate with the genicular ganglion.

pterygopalatine ganglion through the greater petrosal nerve, otic ganglion through the lesser petrosal nerve

17

Name the modality(s) of the greater petrosal nerve.

Special Visceral Afferent (taste)

18

The greater petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

the palate and preganglionic parasympathetic fibers to the lacrimal, nasal and palatine mucosal glands

19

The deep petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

internal carotid plexus and the nerve of the pterygoid canal

20

The lesser petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

facial nerve (near the genicular ganglion) and the otic ganglion

21

In the foramen lacerum, the greater petrosal nerve joined with the ____ from _____ & it becomes the nerve of the pterygoid canal.

deep petrosalnerve from the internal carotid plexus

22

Before (after?) the facial nerve emerges from the stylomastoid foramen, it receives the auricular nerve from the _____.

Great auricular nerve?

23

Name the nervous communications in sequence from the genicular ganglion to the pterygopalatine ganglion or the visceral efferent fibers.

Genicular ganglion, greater petrosal hiatus, groove for the greater petrosal nerve, under trigeminal ganglion, formen lacerum, deep petrosal nerve, nerve of the peterygoid canal

24

Name the two nerves, which join and become the nerve to the pterygoid canal.

Greater petrosal, deep petrosal

25

Name the nerve, which conveys the middle meningeal sympathetic plexus to the genicular ganglion.

Otic ganglion nerve

26

Name the nerve, which communicates with the posterior branch of the great auricular nerve. ___

Posterior Auricular Nerve

27

The cervical branch of the facial nerve communicates with _____ of _______.

transverse cutaneous cerival nerve

28

Name two branches of the facial nerve in the facial canal.

Stapedial nerve tympanic nerve

29

Name three branches of the facial nerve at the exit of the stylomastoid foramen,

Posterior Auricular, Digastric, Stylohyoid

30

Name five branches of the facial nerve on the face.

Branches: Tempora, Zytomatic, Buccal, Marginal Mandibular, Cervical

31

Name the nerve, which arises from the facial nerve opposite the pyramidal eminence on the posterior tympanic cavity wall.

Nerve to the Stapedeus

32

Name the nerve which passes the middle tympanic cavity through the anterior & then posterior canaliculi. ____________ of ________

Chorda Tympany of Facial Nerve

33

Name the modality(s) of the chorda tympani.

Special Visceral Afferent (taste), General Visceral Efferent

34

Name the nerve, which supplies the occipital belly of the epicranium. __________ of ____________

occipital nerve of the posterior auricular nerve

35

Name the six intrinsic muscles of the auricle.

helicis major and minor, tragius, antitragius, transversus auriculae & oblique auriculae

36

Name the nerve, which supplies the frontal belly of the occipitofrontalis.

Temporal Nerves

37

Name the two nerves, which innervate the orbicularis oculi.

Temporal and Zygomatic Nerves

38

The superficial branches of the buccal nerve join with the ____ of _____ & _____ of _____.

infratrochlear of frontal (CN V, Opthalmic) & external nasal of nasocillary (CN V, Opthalmic)

39

The levator anguli oris & the zygomaticus minor are innervated by the _____ of _____.

Upper Deep of the Buccal

40

Name the nerve, which innervates the risorius. ______ of ______

Marginal Mandibular of the Facial

41

Name two nerves, which communicate with the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve.

posterior branch greater auricular and lesser occipital

42

Name the nerve, which innervates the corrugator supercilii.

temporal nerve

43

The procerus is innervated by the _____________ of _________________.

Zygomatic nerve of facial nerve

44

Name the nerve, which innervates the zygomaticus major. __________ of _________.

buccal of facial

45

The transverse cutaneous cervical nerve communicates with ____ of the facial nerve.

cervical nerve

46

Name the sequential nerves from the superior salivatory nucleus to the submandibular ganglion. Sup. Salivatory Nu. _____, genicular ganglion, _____, _____, submandibular gang.

superior salivatory nucleus, nervous intermedius, genicular ganglion, chorda tympani, lingual, submandibular ganglion

47

Facial paralysis is known as ___________.

Bells Palsy

48

Name the somatic afferent pathway from the apex of the nose to the cranial nucleus of termination.

External Nasal, inferior ethmoidal, nasal cilliary, opthalmic, trigeminal nucleus

49

Name the somatic afferent pathway from the tragus of the ear to the cranial nucleus of termination.

Auriculotemporal, Mandibular, Trigeminal nucleus

50

Name the somatic afferent pathway from the prominence of the cheek to the cranial nucleus of termination.

Zygomatical Facial, Zygomatic, Maxillary, Trigeminal

51

Name the visceral efferent (sympathetic) pathway from the nucleus of origin in the spinal cord to constrictor pupillae.

Edinger-Westphal nucleus, cillary ganglion, short cilliary n

52

Name the visceral efferent (sympathetic) pathway from the nucleus of origin in the spinal cord to submandibular gland.

Spinal Chord Trigeminal Nucleus, CN V, Mandibular n, Lingual

53

Name the visceral efferent (sympathetic) pathway from the nucleus of origin in the spinal cord to parotid gland.

Spinal Chord Trigeminal Nucleus, CN V, Mandibular n, Auriculotemporal n, Articular branches

54

Name the visceral efferent (sympathetic) pathway from the nucleus of origin in the spinal cord to sublingual & anterior lingual glands

Spinal Chord Trigeminal Nucleus, CN V, Mandibular n, Lingual

55

Name the visceral efferent (parasympathetic) pathway from the cranial nucleus of origin to constrictor pupillae

Edinger-Westphal nucleus, cillary ganglion, short cilliary n

56

Name the visceral efferent (parasympathetic) pathway from the cranial nucleus of origin to sublingual & anterior lingual glands

0

57

The chorda tympani join the _____ of ________.

small branch from the otic ganglion

58

Name the nerve, which supplies the intrinsic muscles of the lateral surface of the auricle. __ of __

auricular nerve of the posterior auricular nerve

59

The external petrosal nerve conveys between ____ and ____.

vagus and facial (in facial canal) CN

60

Name the visceral efferent (parasympathetic) pathway from the cranial nucleus of origin to submandibular gland.

0

61

Name the visceral efferent (parasympathetic) pathway from the cranial nucleus of origin to the parotid gland

0