Ex2 SG CN X, XI, XII Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ex2 SG CN X, XI, XII Deck (52):
1

Name the four nuclei, which are connected to the vagus nerve.

Dorsal root of vagus, Nucleus ambiguous, Nucleus of tractus solitarius, Spinal nucleus of trigeminal

2

Name the related cranial nerves to the nucleus of the tractus solitarius.

Upper – Facial nerve / Middle – Glossopharangeal nerve / Lower – Internal Laryngeal nerve

3

The superior ganglion of the vagus is also known as ___________.

Jugular

4

The nodose ganglion is known as __________.

Inferior Ganglion of Vagus

5

The meningeal nerve of the vagus arises from the _______.

Jugular Ganglion

6

Name the nerves which arise from the jugular ganglion.

Meningeal and auricular nerves

7

Name the nerves which arise from the nodose ganglion.

Pharyngeal, branches to carotid body, and superior laryngeal nerves.

8

Name the nerve, which is distributed to the posterior wall of the external acoustic meatus.

Auricular branch of the vagus nerve

9

Name the branch of the vagus, which joins the posterior auricular nerve of the facial nerve.

ramus of auricular branch of vagus

10

Name the nerve, which crosses the 1st part of the right subclavian artery.

right side of vagus

11

Name the nerves, which supply the carotid body.

glossopharyngeal nerve and carotid branches of vagus

12

The superior laryngeal nerve arises from __________.

middle of nodose ganglion

13

Name the nerve, which supplies the sensory fibers to above the vocal fold of the larynx.

internal laryngeal nerve

14

Name the nerve, which supplies the aryepiglotic fold.

lower branch of internal laryngeal nerve

15

Name the nerve, which innervates the cricothyroid muscle.

external laryngeal nerve

16

Name the nerve, which winds the aortic arch just behind the ligamentum arteriosum.

left side recurrent laryngeal nerve

17

Name the nerve, which innervates to all the laryngeal muscles except the cricothyroid muscle.

left side recurrent laryngeal nerve

18

Name the nerve, which supplies sensory fibers to the mucous membrane below the vocal folds of the larynx.

left side recurrent laryngeal nerve

19

The 2nd to 5th or 6th thoracic ganglia of the sympathetic trunk join the _______________.

right posterior pulmonary plexus

20

The 2nd, 3rd & 4th thoracic ganglia join to the ____________.

left posterior pulmonary plexus

21

The anterior vagal trunk is formed mainly by ___________.

anterior esophageal plexus

22

Name the four branches from the vagus nerve in the thorax.

cardiac, left recurrent laryngeal, bronchial pulmonary, esophageal

23

Name the nerve, which is distributed to the dura mater in the posterior cranial fossa.

meningeal branch of the vagus

24

Name the principal motor nerve of the pharynx.

ramus of auricular branch of vagus

25

The cranial root of the accessory nerve is mainly carried by the _____of ______and_____of ______ .

pharyngeal nerve of vagus / recurrent laryngeal of vagus

26

The vagal fibers of the pharyngeal plexus innervate the muscles of the soft palates except _____.

tensor veli palatini

27

The fiber from the pharyngeal nerve of the vagus joins the hypoglossal nerve, which is also known as ______.

ramus lingularic vagi

28

The large celiac branch is mainly from the ____________.

posterior vagal trunk

29

In the abdomen, the posterior vagal trunk divides into a small ______ branch & a large ____ branch.

gastric, celiac

30

Name the four plexuses, which the celiac branch of the posterior vagal trunk supplies.

splenic, hepatic, renal, suprarenal and superior mesenteric

31

Name the two nuclei of the cranial roots of the accessory nerve.

Nucleus ambiguus and spinal nucleus of accessory

32

Name two nerves of the vagus which carry the cranial root fibers of the accessory nerve.

pharyngeal and recurrent laryngeal of vagus

33

Name the soft palate muscle, which is not innervated by the cranial root of the accessory nerve.

tensor veli palatini

34

Name the nucleus of origin for the spinal root of the accessory nerve.

spinal nucleus of accessory nerve

35

Name the nerves, which carry proprioceptive sense from the trapezius.

2nd cervical ventral ramus

36

Wry Neck is also known as _____________.

spasmodic torticollis

37

Wry neck is called _____ caused by central irritation of the accessory nerve.

spasmodic torticollis

38

Name the type of neurons in the nucleus of the hypoglossal nerve.

large multipolar neurons

39

The apparent origin of the hypoglossal nerve is between the ___ & ___.

olive and pyramid

40

The hypoglossal nerve exits the cranial cavity through the ______.

hypoglossal canal in the occipital bone

41

Name the related muscle where the hypoglossal nerve becomes superficial.

posterior belly of digastric

42

Name the intrinsic muscles of the tongue, which are innervated by the hypoglossal nerve.

upper and lower longitudinal, transverse, vertical

43

Name the branch of the hypoglossal nerve which connects to the pharyngeal plexus on the occipital artery.

ramus lingularis vagi

44

Near the anterior border of the hyoglossus, the hypoglossal nerve communicates to the _____ of _______.

lingual nerve of mandibular nerve

45

The meningeal nerve of the hypoglossal nerve consists of the ______ & _______ nerve fibers.

upper cervical and superior cervical

46

The upper root of the ansa cervicalis is the branch of ________.

descending branch of hypoglossal nerve

47

Name two muscles, which are innervated by the C1 component of the descending branch of the hypoglossal nerve.

hyoglossus, thyroid

48

Name the nerve of the hypoglossal nerve, which derived from the upper cervical nerves for sensory & from the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion.

meningeal branch of the hypoglossal

49

Name the branch of the hypoglossal nerve, which constitutes the upper root of the ansa cervicalis.

descending branch of hypoglossal nerve

50

Name the muscles, which are innervated by the ansa cervicalis.

sternothyroid and inferior belly of omohyoid

51

Name the cervical nerves which form the ansa cervicalis.

C1, C2, C3

52

The unilateral lingual paralysis can cause ___________.

hemiatrophy