Exam #01h - Neuropathic and other difficult Pain Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam #01h - Neuropathic and other difficult Pain Deck (14):
1

Which pain type is defined as pain arising as a consequence of a lesion or disease affecting the somatosensory system with indefinable damage to neurons?

Neuropathic pain

2

Give an example of neuropathic pain?

phantom limb pain

3

True or False - Regarding neuropathic pain, the pain signal is maintained ectopically by dysfunction in the activity of tissue nociceptors and/or by abnormal pain signaling in the CNS?

True - pain can persist even after stimulus is gone

4

With regards to peripheral sensitization, increases in excitability of peripheral nociceptors DECREASES OR AMPLIFIES pain signals to the CNS?

amplifies

5

With regards to central sensitization, increases in the excitability of pain-transmitting neurons within the CNS result in normal inputs producing MUTED/EXAGGERATED responses?

exaggerated

6

Name (7) different difficult pains to treat?

1. neuropathic
2. burns
3. bone
4. migraines
5. sickle cell
6. phantom limb
7. fibromyalgia

7

What are the first line agents to treat difficult pain. If neither of these 2 agents work, what is tried next?

first line are NSAIDs or APAP

if those don't work, try opioids

8

List the (4) extreme sensations that characterize neuropathic pain?

1. burning (like a blow torch)
2. electricity
3. extreme cold
4. numbness and tingling

9

Which nerve fiber, that responds to light touch/pressure, is particular to neuropathic pain?

A-beta nerve fiber

10

How would A-beta fiber that responds to light touch/pressure be involved in neuropathic pain?

A-beta fibers are in close proximity to C-fibers (the afferent neurons that transmit slow pain to CNS) and, after damage, A-beta fibers could synapse with C-fibers so the lightest touch on your body could be perceived as painful

11

What was the first FDA approved drug for Tx of fibromyalgia (brand and generic)

Pregabalin (Lyrica)

12

Explain the MOA of Gabapentin and Pregabalin?

They bind to subunits of voltage-gated Ca2+ channels and inhibit excitatory NT release

13

What are (7) common AE associated with Gabapentin and Pregabalin?

1. dizziness
2. sleepiness
3. dry mouth
4. edema
5. blurred vision
6. weight gain
7. difficulty concentrating

14

What non-opioid, non-NSAID analgesic is administered intrathecally to treat the most severe intractable pains for refractory cases (brand and generic)?

Ziconotide (Prialt)