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1

What is this?

Hinged Clasp from Sutton Hoo Burial Ship, c.615-625 (Early Middle Ages 5th century - 1050)

Burial site in England probably from a king
- Made of gold and enamel, so knowledge of metal working was needed
- Found among other pagan-stylized animal imagery objects

2

What is this?

Sutton Hoo Purse Cover, Anonymous, c. 615-625

(Early Middle Ages 5th century - 1050)
-Worn on body, strapped to waist and found with gold coins nearby, would have been cloth pouch attached. 
-Figurative characters (duck, bird, human-like creature, etc) imagery.

3

What is this?

Page (with Man) from Gospel Book of Durrow, Anonymous, c. 675

(Early Middle Ages 5th century - 1050) 
-Manuscript Illumination 
-Figure is St. Matthew 
-Made on parchment

-Evangelists—Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John (symbols: man/angel[Matthew], lion [Mark], ox [Luke], and eagle [John])

4

What is parchment?

A stiff and thin material made from the skin of animal and used as a writing surface in medieval times. 

5

Who are the four evangelists and their symbols?

Matthew (man/angel) Luke (ox), Mark (lion), John (eagle)

6

What is a Manuscript Illumination?

A significant, decorative design placed in a gospel book made by a monk in a monastery. (715-720)

 Very 1st Celtic representation- The Book of Durrow

Creator: Anonymous.

7

What is horror vacui?

is the filling of the entire surface of a space or an artwork with detail.

8

What is Vellum?

Vellum is derived from the Latin word "vitulinum" meaning "made from calf", leading to Old French "vélin" ("calfskin"). The term often refers to a parchment made from calf skin, as opposed to that from other animals. It is prepared for writing or printing on, to produce single pages, scrolls, codices or books.

9

Who is St. Patrick?

Saint Patrick was a 5th-century bishop in Ireland. Known as the "Apostle of Ireland", he is the primary patron saint of Ireland

10

When did the Middle Ages occur?

Between the 5th century - 1050. 

11

What is bas–relief?

a kind of sculpture in which shapes are carved so that they are only slightly higher than the flat background

12

What is Contrapposto ?

Italian term that means counterpose. It is used in the visual arts to describe a human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot so that its shoulders and arms twist off-axis from the hips and legs.

13

What is Doric Order?

Doric columns are the simplest. They have a capital (the top, or crown) made of a circle topped by a square. The shaft (the tall part of the column) is plain and has 20 sides. There is no base in the Doric order. Parthenon in Athens

14

Name the three classical orders?

Ionic, Doric, Corithian

15

What is an Ionic Order?

Ionic shafts were taller than Doric ones. This makes the columns look slender. They also had flutes, which are lines carved into them from top to bottom. Ionic capitals consist of a scrolls above the shaft. The Ionic style is a little more decorative than the Doric. Temple of Athena Nike in Athens

16

What is a Corinthian Order?

The Corinthian order is the most decorative and is usually the one most modern people like best. The capitals have flowers and leaves below a small scroll. The shaft has flutes and the base is like the Ionian. The Temple of the Sybil in Rome.

17

What is architrave?

An architrave is the lintel or beam that rests on the capitals of the columns. Its the Top frame of a door frame.

18

What is a Frieze?

a broad horizontal band of sculpted or painted decoration, especially on a wall near the ceiling.

19

What is a Cornice?

 the cornice is the topmost element of the entablature which consists (from top to bottom) of the cornice, the frieze, and thearchitrave.

20

What is a entablature?

An entablature refers to the superstructure of moldings and bands which lie horizontally above columns, resting on their capitals.

21

Desribe Atmospheric Perspective

Things appear to fade off into the distance. The background appears to fade off into the distance. The farther away something is the lighter the value and the bluer the color.

22

What is a Icon?

Icons are sacred images representing the saints, Christ, and the Virgin, as well as narrative scenes such as Christ's Crucifixion.

23

What is a Basilica?

The Roman basilica was a large public building where business or legal matters could be transacted. 

24

Where is the Aspe located in a church?

The apse is the semicircular area. Where the altar is placed or where the clergy are seated.

25

Where does the congregation sit?

In the Nave (or center isle)

26

Where are the Aisle in a basilica church?

The outskirts of the church are usualy where the Aisles are.

27

What is a transept? And where is it located?

A transept is an area set crosswise to the nave in a cruciform ("cross-shaped") building in Romanesque and Gothic Christian church architecture.

28

What is a Pendentive?

A pendentive is a constructive device permitting the placing of a circular dome over a square room or an elliptical dome over a rectangular room.

29

Describe a Putto (Putti)

A putto is a figure in a work of art depicted as a chubby male child, usually nude and sometimes winged. Putti are commonly confused with, yet are completely unrelated to, cherubim.

30

What is this a picture of?

Carpet page from Lindidfarne Gospel (715-720)

(Early Middle Ages 5th century - 1050)

Anonymous Monks

Celtic cross, ink on Vellum

Snakes around th page, Horror Vacuii,

Illuminated Manuscript