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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (78)
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1

What is the purpose of making teaser studs?

to detect estrus w/o impregnating

2

What procedures are used to make teaser studs?

vasectomy, epididymectomy, penile fixation, prepuce translocation

3

T/F: You send the excised ductus deferens to histo.

true
for legality/papers

4

What part of the epididymis is removed in an epididymectomy?

the tail of the epididymis

5

Where is the epididymis ligated for an epididymectomy?

the body of the epididymis and the ductus deferens

6

Why are non-entry teasers made?

to prevent transfer of venereal dzs

7

Arthrocentesis: Purpose

Dx - lameness, fluid cytology, wound extent
Therapeutic - meds, lavage

8

Radiocarpal Joint: Landmarks

distal medial ridge of the radius
proximal edge of the radiocarpal bone

9

Midcarpal Joint: Landmarks

distal ridge of radiocarpal bone
proximal edge of 3rd carpal bone

10

Tibiotarsal Joint: Landmark

medial malleolus (avoid saphenous vein

11

T/F: the tibiotarsal and proximal intertarsal joints communicate.

True

12

Tarsometatarsal Joint: Landmark

insert proximal to 4th metatarsal

13

Distal Interphalangeal Joint: Landmark

proximal to dorsal coronary band

14

Metacarpophalangeal Joint: Landmarks

flexed palmar metacarpal 3
dorsal border of suspensory ligament
distal border of metacarpal 4
proximal lateral sesamoid bone

15

Femoropatellar Joint: Landmarks

Lateral - caudal to lateral patellar ligament, proximal to lateral tibial condyle
Cranial - troclear groove between patellar ligaments

16

Reimer Emasculator: Description

curved blades, 3rd arm for cutting

17

Serra Emasculator: Description

curved blades

18

Serra Modified Emasculator: Description

curved blades and handles

19

White Emasculator: Description

one thick flat blade, curved handle

20

Whte Modified Emasculator: Description

one flat, one curved blade

21

Hausmann Emasculator: Description

plain emasculator but with one straight arm

22

Pendulum Scrotum Cx: Closed Technique

1. excise caudal 3rd of scrotum
2. use gauze to hold and strip cord of CT proximally
3. ligate cord w/ square knot hand tie
4. attach mosquito prox. to ligation
5. use emasculator (wingnut to nut)
6. inspect stump
7. stretch incision for proper drainage

23

Pendulum Scrotum Cx: Open Technique

1. excise caudal 3rd of scrotum
2. incise vaginal tunic
3. separate cremaster muscle and spermatic cord
4. ligate each with square knot hand tie
5. attach mosquito prox. to ligation
6. use emasculator (wingnut to nut)
7. inspect stump
8. stretch incision for proper drainage

24

Non-pendulum Scrotum Cx: Closed Technique

1. incise over each testicle
2. extrude testis
3. use gauze to strip CT prox.
4. ligate cord w/ square knot hand tie
5. attach mosquito prox. to ligation
6. use emasculator (wingnut to nut)
7. inspect stump
8. stretch incision for proper drainage

25

T/F: The crimp pattern allows for the stretch of tendons

true

26

What type of collagen replaces tendons during repair?

type III (which is less elastic)

27

Tendon Injuries: Types

overstrain acute/chronic, percutaneous trauma

28

Which tendons are most prone to injury?

SDF and suspensory ligament

29

Tendonitis: Signs

bowing of palmar contour, swelling, pain, lameness

30

Tendonitis: Dx

lameness exam, U/S, MRI, scintigraphy