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Flashcards in Final Exam Deck (79)
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1

Skull Fractures: Locations

calvaria, basllar, facial, incisive, mandibular

2

What is important to asses w/ facial fractures?

nasolacrimal duct patency

3

What type of catheter is used to drain the maxillary sinus?

foley catheter

4

Mandibular Fracture: Tx Options

cerclage, screws, plates, external fixation, combo

5

Parrot Mouth (Brachynathism): Tx

osteotomy + distractions

6

Cervical Vertebra Fracture: Tx Options

screws, plates, external fixation

7

Static Compressive Spinal Cord Lesions: Etiology

DJD of caudal cervical vertebra

8

Static Compressive Spinal Cord Lesions: Tx

less than 1yr - PACE feeding
rest, dorsal laminectomy, interbody fusion

9

Equine Dental Dz: Signs

wt. loss, constipation, poor performance, head shaking, lameness

10

Curve of Spee: Definition

natural curve of the teeth following the mandible

11

Teeth Floating: technique

move float cranio-caudal while pressing with the opposite hand

12

What tooth is the wolf tooth?

Maxillary P1

13

Sheer Mouth: Definition

massetor muscle atrophy

14

How do you make a bit seat?

trim P2 so gingiva doesn't pinch

15

Dentigerous Cysts: Etiology

congenital anomaly

16

Dentigerous Cysts: Sign

swelling at base of ear

17

Dentigerous Cysts: Tx

sx removal

18

T/F: Foals are born w/ deciduous incisors

False
they're born with premolars

19

When do deciduous incisors erupt?

6d
6wk
6mo

20

When do Adult incisors erupt?

2.5yr
3.5yr
4.5yr

21

When do adult premolars erupt?

2yr
3yr
4yr

22

When do deciduous molars erupt?

1yr
2yr
3yr

23

When do cups disappear from the incisors?

3.5yr after adult eruption

24

Equine: Dental Formula

I 3/3
C 1/1
P 3/3 (P1 is vestigial)
M 3/3

25

Sinusitis: Forms

Primary - URTI
Secondary - dental, fracture, cysts, neoplasia

26

Sinusitis: Signs

serosanguinous nasal discharge, chough, facial deformity

27

Sinusitis: Dx

rads (fluid line), endoscopy

28

Sinusitis: Sx Landmarks

1cm above halfway between medial canthus and cranial edge of facial crest

29

Sinusitis: Sx Aftercare

leave open, flush daily, abx, NSAIDs

30

Cribbing: Tx

change environment, cribbing strap, sx removal of - laryngeal bones, Ventral branch of CN XI, sternothyrouhyoideus m.