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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (44)
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1

T/F: All incomplete flowers are imperfect.

False

2

T/F: When we eat potatoes we are eating part of the plant's root.

False

3

T/F: Dioecious plants have perfect flowers

False

4

High temps increase transpiration

True

5

China produces more fruit & vegetables than any other country in the world.

True

6

Leaf veins in dicots are parallel

False

7

5 careers in the horticultural industry.

winemaker, vineyard manager, greenhouse manager, landscape specialist, floral designer

8

Define horticulture

Horticulture is the science and art of producing, improving, marketing, and using fruits, vegetables, flowers, and ornamental plants."

9

Name three parts of a pistil

ovary, style, stigma

10

Pomology

Science and practice of growing, harvesting, processing, and marketing fruits and nuts

11

Floriculture

Growing and production of flowers and foliage plants

12

Corolla

Collective term for the petals of a flower

13

Samara

A dry indehiscent fruit that has one seed and a wing-like structure formed from the ovary wall; ex. maple

14

Perennial

A plant that can live more than two years

15

Olericulture

Science and practice of growing, harvesting, processing, and marketing vegetables

16

Monoecious

A plant species that has pistillate (female) and staminate (male) flowers on the same plant. ex. corn

17

Follicle

A dry dehiscent fruit that splits along only one suture. Ex. milkweed

18

Pome

A fruit made of several carpels; the outer flesh layer is derived from the hypanthium of the flower. ex. pear

19

Lateral

A type of meristem that is responsible for the increase in girth, or secondary growth, of biennial and perennial

20

Biennial

A plant that requires two seasons to complete its life cycle

21

Perianth

All sepals and petals together

22

Arboriculture

Cultivation of woody plants, especially trees, shrubs, and vines, in the landscape

23

Hesperidium

Fruit composed of several carpels w/inner juice sacs enclosed in a leathery rind. ex. orange

24

Turfgrass science

Culture and utilization of grass for lawns, golf courses, athletic fields, recreations areas, and commercial areas

25

Dioecious

A plant species that has pistillate (female) and staminate (male) flowers on different plants. ex. holly

26

# of cotyledons in embryo for monocots

one

27

# of cotyledons in embryo for dicots

two

28

# of flower parts for monocots

multiples of 3

29

# of flower parts for dicots

multiples of 4s or 5s

30

Equation for photosynthesis

Co2+6H2O --light--> C6H12O6+6O2