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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (43)
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1

categorical approach to defining abnormality

You either have a disorder, or you don't

2

dimensional approach to defining abnormality

Behavior falls on a continuum

3

mental disorder

Syndrome characterized by clinically significant disturbance in an individual's cognition, emotion regulation, or behavior

4

challenges of making an accurate diagnosis

Disorders have overlapping symptoms

Etiology matters

People lie

Not everyone can tell you accurate symptoms

5

another diagnostic classification system

ICD-10

6

how does culture influence diagnosis?

"Abnormal" in one culture may be "normal" for another; may also have higher stigma; and culture-specific illnesses

7

different types of prevalence

point, one-year, and lifetime

8

most common types of mental disorders

Depression, anxiety, schizophrenia, bipolar mood disorder, and trauma and eating disorders

9

different sources of info for diagnosis

case study, self-report, and observational

10

internal validity

Methodologically sound;

11

external validity

Generalizability

12

basic threats to internal validity

In Victorian time, his mother regularly sells mortally terrible, incredibly contaminated roast duck
Interval validity threats, history, maturation, regression, selection, mortality, testing, instrumentation, contamination, rivalry, demoralization

13

basic concepts of correlational research

Allows research things you cannot manipulate in la; correlation coefficient ranges from -1.0-+1.0= no correlation

14

what does a positive or negative correlation mean?

Positive - one variable increases/decreases while the other variable increases/decreases
Negative - opposite

15

9 historical approaches and impact on modern practice in abnormal psych

Spiritual possession, physical, descriptive/clinical, supernatural/superstitious, dehumanizing, humanizing, biological, philosophical, and scientific/experiemental

16

Mary M. has experienced a period of depression lasting for the past 2 months. Mary feels that this depression results from a lack of prayer in her life. She feels if she prayed more she would feel much better. This is an example of a ______________ view of mental illness?

Spiritual/supernatural

Biological

Philosophical

Physical

Spiritual/supernatural

17

etiology

Causal pattern of something

18

necessary cause

Something that HAS to be present in order for a disorder to occur

19

sufficient cause

You only need one sufficient cause to get a disorder

20

risk factor (contributory cause in book)

When present, the likelihood of developing a disorder increases

21

causal/risk factors are ______ linear and __________ interact with each other

rarely; frequently

22

diathesis

A predisposition toward developing a disorder

23

basic diathesis-stress models

Interactive and additive

24

protective factors

Decrease risk of developing or maintaining a disorder

25

multi-finality

Different people exposed to the same event, can have multiple outcomes

26

equifinality

Different events can lead to the same outcome across different individuals

27

how do neurons communicate?

Neurotransmitters move through neuron and through axon, contained in vesicles  vesicles merge with membrane at axon button  neurotransmitters released into synapse  neurotransmitter must find appropriate receptor  receptor then communicates with next cell to continue the process

28

how can things go wrong in neuron communication?

Too much/not enough produced, poor deactivation of neurotransmitter in synapse, too many/not enough receptors, and diffusion of neurotransmitter across atonal membrane

29

5 important neurotransmitters in psychology

NE, DA, 5-HT, Glu, and GABA

NE derives from DA and GABA is made from Glu

30

what is a hormone?

Chemical messengers produced in body (but not brain)