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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (55)
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1

relation between physical illness and stress

slows recovery time, immunosuppression, exacerbates illness, and problematic for cardiovascular illness, IBS, and chronic pain

2

DSM-5 trauma and stressor-related disorders

reactive attachment, disinhibited social engagement (new), PTSD, acute stress, and adjustment disorder

3

risk factors

chronic, continuous vs. acute stress, intrafamilial stress, separation from caregivers, interpersonal vs. random trauma

4

ACC

anxiety; damage can induce panic disorder. detects and monitors errors (visual). reward-based. regulates bp and hr

5

ofc

emotion and decision-making. critical for adaptive/reward-based learning. damage causes problems in decision-making, emotion-processing, and reward expectation

6

hippocampus

memory consolidation. damage causes severe disruptionin memory

7

yerkes-dodson law

some anxiety is good and makes you perform better. too little or too much impairs

8

PANAS

positive affect, negative affect, and autonomic sensitivity

9

anxious people are high on ________ affect and autonomic sensitivity, but generally have no problems with ________ affect

negative; positive

10

negative affect =

negative emotionality

11

autonomic sensitivity

body responds more severely to anxious stimuli

12

separation anxiety

worry about being apart from loved one

13

selective mutism

too scared to talk

14

specific phobias

scared of something specific

15

panic disorder

panic attacks for no reason

16

agoraphobia

too scared to leave house

17

social anxiety

excessively nervous in social situations

18

generalized anxiety

worries about everything

19

females are _____ as likely to have ___

twice; GAD

20

treatment of choise is

CBT and exposure

21

what makes ocd different from anxiety disorders

compulsive nature of symptoms--feeling that compulsions are outside of person's normal

22

DMDD (disruptive mood dysregulation disorder)

diagnosable 7-18, chronic irritability, temper outbursts, not bipolar

23

MDD (major depressive disorder)

most commonly diagnosed, higher rates in adolescence and young adulthood, requires depressed mood or anhedonia, cognitive slowing, negative attributional bias, and suicidality

24

persistent depressive disorder

> 2 years in adults
> 1 in children

less severe than MDD

25

premenstrual dysphoric disorder

x

26

PANAS in depression

depressives low on PA, high on na, AND SOMEWHAT HIGH ON AS

27

antidepressants work by

allowing neurotransmitters to stay for longer periods in synapse

28

sleep problems in depressed people

earlier onset REM sleep and increased intensity and frequency of REM sleep

29

negative cognitive tried

self, world, future

30

slective abstraction

focusing only on one negative detail