Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (55)
What is the biopsychosocial model?
Health psychology’s approach to understanding the complex interactions of the individual and environments that produce a dynamic state of health/illness
What are benefits of the biopsychosocial model?
patients have a more active roll in their care and are more educated
What did the biomedical model focus on?
fighting the disease and telling the patient what to do
What is critical thinking?
thinking beyond what is told to you, asking "why" "how" "what", evaluates and re-questions the evidence
What is belief bias?
when one's own beliefs affects the data being collected
What is correlation?
a relationship between two factors
What is a positive correlation?
when each variable decreases or increases in tandem
What is a negative correlation?
when one variable increases while the other variable decreases
What is epidemiology?
the study of frequency, distribution, and causes of a disease in a population
What is the gold standard research method?
experimental studies. the best is randomized control
Lauren's study was intended to be an experimental, what was wrong with it?
she told the participants what she was observing, they were not randomly chosen, they were apart of her class, not in the same settings, she knew the participants
What are the types of studies/experiments?
descriptive, meta-analysis, observational, quasi, cross-sectional, longitudinal, epidemiologic and experimental
What is a descriptive study?
conducted in a field, includes case studies, surveys/interviews, and observation
in-depth information, can lead to new hypothesis
What are the two types of epidemiologic studies?
retrospective and prospective
What are the two types of groups in experimental studies?
control group and experimental group
What is facebook depression?
feeling unaccepted by others in result of spending a lot of time on social media. cyber bullying, seeing other people and their friends and feeling left out
Why would the internet give you an addict's brain?
easily accessible, constantly updating, lets you escape your life and focus on others. positive reinforcement = "likes" on posts
Why might memory problems be more likely with internet usage?
causes information overload, makes it hard to file information away properly and pay attention
What is one advantage of internet use?
keeps our brain sharp and exercises the brain
What is an endogenous infection?
an infection that is present in the body but there are no symptoms that you can see. being a "carrier" typhoid mary
What are the 4 categories of coping skills?
knowledge, inner resources, social support, and spirituality
What is knowledge?
knowing how the world works is important with coping. it is important to understand the situation in order to deal with it
What are inner resources?
set of beliefs, assumptions, and predictions that a person has. knowing who they are and what they stand for
What is social support?
having other people to support you helps suppress your stress and knowing you're not alone helps with coping
What is spirituality?
spirituality is often used as an explanation of the world's working and gives hope for the future
What evidence is there that the will to live plays a role in our time of death?
Studies were conducted to estimate death rates before, after, and during certain periods of life that were important to certain age groups (before passover, death rate of jewish men around passovers showed a 24% decrease and a 24% increase after passover). Similar concept with Chinese harvest moon festival, death rates increased after event was over
What is the best way to deal with variables that effect the experiments that are uncontrollable?
try to make questionnaries straight-forward as possible, keep the subjects randomized and conduct the study in a un-bias mannor
What is validity?
the extent to which a test measures what it is claiming to measure
What is reliability?
the consistency of a measure