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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (43)
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1

pitch

highness or lowness of sound

2

range

distance between voice or instruments
-highest and lowest possible pitch

3

interval

difference in pitch between 2 tones

4

accent

tone played louder than tones near it

5

timbre
or tone color

quality of a sound

6

dynamics

relative loudness of a sound

7

cresendo

gradually louder

8

decresendo (diminuendo)

gradually softer

9

Western instruments: 6 broad categories

-string
-woodwind
-percussion
-keyboard
-brass
-electronic

10

rhythm

flow of meter (events) through time

11

beat

recurrent pulsation

12

meter

grouping of beats

13

accent

emphasis placed on beat/note

14

syncopation

emphasis placed on an unexpected note or beat

15

tempo

the speed of the beat, the pace

16

metronome

indicates exact tempo

17

adagio

slow

18

andiante

moderately slow

19

allegro

fast

20

presto

very fast

21

key

centering of a melody or harmony around a central note

22

tonic key

the main key of a piece

23

musical texture

layering of sound, how layers relate

24

resolution

movement away from dissonance

25

chord

3 or more tones sounded at once

26

progression

how chords follow each other

27

melody

a series of single notes that add up to a recognizable whole

28

time signature

indicates the meter of a piece of music

29

monophonic texture

single, unaccompanied melody
- literally "one sound"

30

polyphonic texture

2 or more equally important melodies sounding simultaneously