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Flashcards in Exam #1 Deck (52)
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1

Tx for severe acne

Oral ABX
Isotretinoin

2

Tx for mild acne

BP or Oral Retinoid
BP plus Oral ABX
BP plus Oral Retinoid

3

What should be monitored for a pt on Isotretinoin?

LFTs
Cholesterol
Triglycerides

4

Screening Recommendations (13)

1. BP (> 18)
2. Cervical CA (21-65)
3. Colorectal CA
4. HIV
5. Tobacco Use
6. Syphilis
7. Statin
8. Depression
9. Diet
10. Obesity
11. Alcohol Misuse
12. STI
13. T2DM

5

Adult Immunizations (7)

1. Influenza
2. Pneumococcal
3. Meningococcal
4. Herpes Zoster
5. Tetanus
6. HPV
7. Varicella

6

Common pathogens for bacterial conjunctivitis

Streptococcus pneumoniae
Staph aureus
Haemophilus aegyptius
Moraxella

7

Tx for bacterial conjunctivitis

Sulfonamides
Fluoroquinolone
Aminoglycosides

8

Red Eye Emergencies

Hyphema
Hypopyon
Keratitis
Acute Closure Glaucoma
Orbital Cellulitis
Hyperacute Conjunctivitis

9

Common pathogens for otitis media

Streptococcus pneumoniae
H. influenza
Moraxella catarrhalis
Streptococcus pyogens

10

Common pathogens for otitis externa

Pseudomonas
Proteus
Fungi

11

Treatment for otitis externa

Aminoglycoside
Fluoroquinolone

12

Sx of Meniere's Dz

Vertigo
Tinnitus
Hearing loss

13

Centor Criteria

1. Fever
2. Absence of cough
3. Tonsillar Exudate
4. Anterior cervical lymphadenopathy

3-4 signs = likely (40-60%)

14

Tx for pharyngitis (GABHS)

Penicillin / Amoxicillin
Erythromycin if PCN allergic

15

Stages of pertussis

Catarrhal Stage
Paroxysmal Stage
Convalescent Stage

16

Dx for mono

Rapid monospot
Can do EBV specific antibody test if monospot neg
CBC with diff - atypical lymphocytes
Lymphocyte > 4,000 with atypical lymphocytes > 10%

17

Iron Def Results

Low MCV
Low hemoglobin
Low hematocrit
Low serum iron
Low ferritin
High platelet
High TIBC

18

Classes of medications for T2DM

1. Metformin (Biguanides)
2. Sulfonylureas
3. DPP-4 Inhibitors
4. GLP-1 Agonists
5. SGLT2 Inhibitors
6. Insulin

19

Tx of COPD

1. SAMA or SABA
2. LAMA or LABA
3. LABA/LAMA + ICS

20

Tx of Asthma

1. SABA
2. Low-dose ICS
3. Low-dose ICS + LABA
4. Med-dose ICS + LABA
5. High-dose ICS + LABA
6. High-dose ICS + LABA + Oral Corticosteroid

21

Common pathogens for CAP:

Streptococcus pneumoniae
Haemophilus influenzae
Moraxella catarrhalis
Staph aureus

22

Tx for CAP in healthy individuals with no comorbidities and no ABX use in past 3 months

Macrolide
Doxycycline

23

Tx for CAP in pts with comorbidities or recent ABX use

Respiratory fluoroquinolones
Beta lactam + macrolide or doxy

24

Tx for inpatient CAP/HAP

Respiratory fluoroquinolones
Ceftriaxone + macrolide

25

Common pathogens for HAP

Staph aureus
Pseudomonas aeruginosa

26

Medications for Stage B HF

Beta Blockers
ACE/ARB

27

Medications for Stage C HF

Beta Blockers
ACE/ARB
Diuretics
Aldosterone Antagonist

28

Tx for AFib w/o LV dysfunction or heart failure

Beta Blocker
Amiodarone
Verapamil
Diltiazem

29

Tx for AFib w/ LV dysfunction or heart failure

Beta Blocker
Amiodarone
Digoxin

30

Tx for PUD

Avoid: smoking, NSAIDs, alcohol
PPI with clarithromycin and amoxicillin
OR
PPI with clarithromycin and metronidazole