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KNSS 205: History of Sport > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (22):
1

Why study sport history?

- Holistic understanding of sport
- Critical thinking
- Connections (Past to present, Other cultures)
- Perspective (Impact of sport on society & vice-versa)

2

Ways to study history:

- exploration, discovery, intrigue
- memorization of facts: dates, events
- history is subjective, requires interpretation

3

7 themes of history:

- politics/government/war
- religion
- class structure
- urbanization
- education
- gender
- holidays/festivals

4

History is about:

- people
- motives
- consequences

5

2 types of historical research:

- descriptive
- interpretive

6

What is descriptive historical research?

- objective
- detailed info about the past
- no judgement

7

What is interpretive historical research?

- how and why events happened
- subject to interpretation

8

2 main sources for historical research:

- primary
- secondary

9

Give 5 examples of primary historical research.

- eye witness
- pictures
- poems
- court documents
- scrolls

10

Describe and give 4 examples of secondary historical research.

- dictionaries
- encyclopedias
- texts
- articles that interpret or review research works

11

Why aren't primary sources always better than secondary sources?

primary sources aren't always credible

12

Give 6 examples of oral histories.

- stories
- customs
- songs
- histories
- traditions
- passed from generation to generation

13

Give 4 examples of where history is shown from evidence to fact.

- literary texts and papyrus
- text engraved in stone (inscriptions)
- paintings or graffiti on pots and other media
- archaeology and artifacts

14

Sources are:

- fact or reality
- opinion or someone's interpretation of an event
- fiction

15

Name 5 sources of issues.

- conflicting views by spectators
- hearsay
- lies
- prejudice
- selection bias

16

How to arrive at a conclusion:

- assess the situation

17

Give an example of how some historians arrive at different conclusions using the same facts.

- building of Stonehenge
- temple built for priests
- finished before priests were there
- sun worshipers?

18

What are the 5 approaches to sport history?

- chronological
- geographical
- political
- cultural
- biographical

19

Describe the political approach to sport history.

how politics affects role of sport

20

Describe the cultural approach to sport history.

- what role sport plays in society
- who plays what, why
- who can attend what
- class relationships to sport

21

Describe the biographical approach to sport history.

- role of the individual in sport
- famous heros/contributors

22

What is Ockham's Razor?

when you have two competing theories that make exactly the same predictions, the simpler one is the better