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Flashcards in exam 1 Deck (63):
1

The sub area of pharmacology that concerns the effects of drugs on behavior.

Psychopharmocology

2

_____________ is the body natural morphine.

Endorphins

3

_________________ refers to the actions people take that help them avoid developing certain health problems.

Primary preventions

4

______________ is the branch of pharmacology that concerns the absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion of drugs

Pharmacokinetics

5

“within the muscle”

Intramuscular injection

6

______________ is when the same person’s regular use of more than one drug.

Polydrug use

7

What are the different routes of drugs that enter the body?

Oral, subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection, Intravenous injection, Inhalation, intranasal, transdermal

8

What are the 3 ways of getting a false negative drug test?

Sustitution, adulteration,dilution

9

What are the different types of drug testing?

Urine
○ Blood ○ Sweat ○ Saliva ○ Hair

10

____________ is the dose at which a given percentage of
individuals show a particular effect of a drug

Effective dose

11

_____________ is the dose at which a given percentage of nonhumans die within a specified time

Lethal dose

12

What are the different types of drug classifications?

Origen, site of drug action, mechanism of action

13

______________ is the most significant inhibitory transmitter in the brain

gamma amino

14

_____________ is the most abundant of the excitatory neurotransmitters

Glutamate

15

The _______________ _______________ method is not yet yielded.

pass prevention

16

What are the 3 types of interventions?

Primary Prevention Secondary Prevention Tertiary Prevention

17

What are the advantages of the work cite program?

Service to adults who are still functioning well.
▪ Employees are a captive audience.
▪ Employees do not have to travel to hear messages. ▪ Employers benefitting employees improves morale.
Disadvantages:

18

What are the disadvantages of worksite program?

Cost
▪ Concerns about confidentiality

19

______________ is the scientific study of drugs concerned with all information about the effects of drugs on living systems

Pharmocology

20

___________ is the scientific study of behavior.

psychology

21

______________ is any chemical entity or mixture of entities not required for the maintenance of health but that alters biological function or structure when administered.

Drug

22

___________ are drugs that affect mood, thinking and behavior.

Psychoactive drugs

23

How a drug produces its drug effects is _____________

mechanism of action

24

___________ measures of the quantity of the drug consumed.

drug dosage

25

The way that drugs enter the body is _____________

Route of drug administration

26

An individual’s knowledge, attitudes, expectations, and other thoughts about an object or event, such as a drug is ____________.

Psychological set

27

a chemically inactive substance is a _____________.

placebo

28

___________ is typically based on a cluster of symptoms that is given a name.

diagnosis

29

any consumption of alcohol or other drugs and related events that does not meet the criteria for dependence or abuse is _____________.

drug use

30

Overwhelming involvement with using a drug, getting an adequate supply of it,
and having a strong tendency to resume use of it after stopping for a period.

addiction

31

A strong or intense desire to use a drug.

craving

32

The emotional state of craving a drug either for its positive effect or to avoid negative effects associated with its abuse.

psychological dependence

33

increased amounts of a drug needed to achieve intoxication, or a diminished drug effect with continued use of the same amount of a drug.

Tolerance

34

A definable illness that occurs with a cessation or decrease in use of a drug.

Withdrawal

35

a number of symptoms that occur together and characterize a specific illness or disease

syndrome

36

repeated use of a drug in interaction with environmental factors results in changes in the brain neural pathways that may heighten the reward value of that drug.

Sensitization Hypothesis

37

Communications designed for widespread distribution, such as advertisements, films, and printed materials.

mass media

38

___________ is outside of cell is more positively charged than inside

Rest

39

_________ is when positively charged ions come in the cell

Excitatory

40

__________ is when negatively charged ions come in the cell

inhibitory

41

____________ is when receptors that are coupled to ion channels and affect the neuron by causing those channels to open.

ionotropic

42

___________ cause the release or activation of second messengers

metabotropic

43

____________ is any substance that fits a receptor lock and activates
it

agonist

44

_______________ any substance that occupies a receptor and does not activate it, but prevents other substances from activating the receptor

antagonist

45

______________ resides in axon terminals of neurons that activate
the skeletal muscles.

acetylcoline

46

A Chemical structure that contains a single amine group

monomines

47

_________ is the key chemical to mediate physical changes that accompany arousal.

Norepinephrine

48

_____________ is Important to regulation of coordinated motor movements

dopamine

49

______________ Important in regulation of sleep

seratonin

50

_________ are large molecules in the peptide family

endorphins

51

_____________ is when a drug enters the blood stream

absortion

52

The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste.

metabolism

53

The transport of drugs by the blood to their sites of action in the body.

distribution

54

The branch of pharmacology that concerns the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action

pharmacodynamics

55

__________ is computed according to a person’s body
weight

drug dose

56

The rate and extent to which a drug leaves its site of administration, and it plays a major role in the drug experience.

drug absortion

57

The portion of the original drug dose that reaches its site of action or that reaches a fluid in the body that gives the drug access to its site of action.

bioavailability

58

A standard way of representing drug effects
that result from taking different drug doses.

dose effect curve

59

____________ represents the change we are interested in recording.

vertical axis

60

__________ represents the range of doses under investigation.

Horizontal axis

61

how much the drug-dose changes before the effect get

slope

62

the peak of the dose-effect curve for a given effect.

efficacy

63

the minimum dose of a drug that yields its efficacy.

potency