Flashcards in exam 1 Deck (63):
The sub area of pharmacology that concerns the effects of drugs on behavior.
_____________ is the body natural morphine.
_________________ refers to the actions people take that help them avoid developing certain health problems.
______________ is the branch of pharmacology that concerns the absorption, distribution, biotransformation, and excretion of drugs
“within the muscle”
______________ is when the same person’s regular use of more than one drug.
What are the different routes of drugs that enter the body?
Oral, subcutaneous injection, intramuscular injection, Intravenous injection, Inhalation, intranasal, transdermal
What are the 3 ways of getting a false negative drug test?
What are the different types of drug testing?
○ Blood ○ Sweat ○ Saliva ○ Hair
____________ is the dose at which a given percentage of
individuals show a particular effect of a drug
_____________ is the dose at which a given percentage of nonhumans die within a specified time
What are the different types of drug classifications?
Origen, site of drug action, mechanism of action
______________ is the most significant inhibitory transmitter in the brain
_____________ is the most abundant of the excitatory neurotransmitters
The _______________ _______________ method is not yet yielded.
What are the 3 types of interventions?
Primary Prevention Secondary Prevention Tertiary Prevention
What are the advantages of the work cite program?
Service to adults who are still functioning well.
▪ Employees are a captive audience.
▪ Employees do not have to travel to hear messages. ▪ Employers benefitting employees improves morale.
What are the disadvantages of worksite program?
▪ Concerns about confidentiality
______________ is the scientific study of drugs concerned with all information about the effects of drugs on living systems
___________ is the scientific study of behavior.
______________ is any chemical entity or mixture of entities not required for the maintenance of health but that alters biological function or structure when administered.
___________ are drugs that affect mood, thinking and behavior.
How a drug produces its drug effects is _____________
mechanism of action
___________ measures of the quantity of the drug consumed.
The way that drugs enter the body is _____________
Route of drug administration
An individual’s knowledge, attitudes, expectations, and other thoughts about an object or event, such as a drug is ____________.
a chemically inactive substance is a _____________.
___________ is typically based on a cluster of symptoms that is given a name.
any consumption of alcohol or other drugs and related events that does not meet the criteria for dependence or abuse is _____________.
Overwhelming involvement with using a drug, getting an adequate supply of it,
and having a strong tendency to resume use of it after stopping for a period.
A strong or intense desire to use a drug.
The emotional state of craving a drug either for its positive effect or to avoid negative effects associated with its abuse.
increased amounts of a drug needed to achieve intoxication, or a diminished drug effect with continued use of the same amount of a drug.
A definable illness that occurs with a cessation or decrease in use of a drug.
a number of symptoms that occur together and characterize a specific illness or disease
repeated use of a drug in interaction with environmental factors results in changes in the brain neural pathways that may heighten the reward value of that drug.
Communications designed for widespread distribution, such as advertisements, films, and printed materials.
___________ is outside of cell is more positively charged than inside
_________ is when positively charged ions come in the cell
__________ is when negatively charged ions come in the cell
____________ is when receptors that are coupled to ion channels and affect the neuron by causing those channels to open.
___________ cause the release or activation of second messengers
____________ is any substance that fits a receptor lock and activates
_______________ any substance that occupies a receptor and does not activate it, but prevents other substances from activating the receptor
______________ resides in axon terminals of neurons that activate
the skeletal muscles.
A Chemical structure that contains a single amine group
_________ is the key chemical to mediate physical changes that accompany arousal.
_____________ is Important to regulation of coordinated motor movements
______________ Important in regulation of sleep
_________ are large molecules in the peptide family
_____________ is when a drug enters the blood stream
The process by which the body breaks down matter into more simple components and waste.
The transport of drugs by the blood to their sites of action in the body.
The branch of pharmacology that concerns the biochemical and physiological effects of drugs and their mechanisms of action
__________ is computed according to a person’s body
The rate and extent to which a drug leaves its site of administration, and it plays a major role in the drug experience.
The portion of the original drug dose that reaches its site of action or that reaches a fluid in the body that gives the drug access to its site of action.
A standard way of representing drug effects
that result from taking different drug doses.
dose effect curve
____________ represents the change we are interested in recording.
__________ represents the range of doses under investigation.
how much the drug-dose changes before the effect get
the peak of the dose-effect curve for a given effect.