Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (72):
What are the biological characteristics of drugs?
▫ Inherited Differences in Reactions to Drugs ▫ Gender
a term used to represent a cluster of enduring characteristics that describe the ways in which an individual thinks perceives, feels, and acts.
“the need for varied, novel, and complex sensations and experiences and the willingness to take physical and social risks for the sake of such experience.”
what are the aspects of sensation seeking
▫ Thrill and adventure seeking ▫ Experience seeking
▫ Boredom susceptibility
what is the major reason people use drugs and alcohol
what is theLittle evidence of an addictive personality?
The Addictive Personality
A person’s anticipation of or belief about what he or she will experience upon taking a drug.
government laws about substance use, people and places that define the immediate drug-use setting
_____________ is when reported experiencing physical changes: fuzzy
thinking, sleepiness, and dizziness
_____________ is when they reported their mood changed to feeling friendly and more pleasant
drinking with others
an increase in the rate of metabolizing a drug as a result of its regular use.
decreased behavioral effects of a drug as a result of its regular use.
occurs within a course of action of a single drug dose.
occurs over the course of two or more drug administrations.
Tolerance to a drug or drugs never taken that results from protracted tolerance to another drug or drugs.
Increased sensitivity to a drug with repeated use of
assumes that a drug acts on specific cells in the central nervous system
cell adaptation theory
What are the 3 things of tolerance?
• Reacquisition happens quickly • Genetics
A consequence of a behavior that
INCREASES its future likelihood
Behavior increases to receive reward
behavior increases to avoid or escape
A consequence of a behavior that DECREASES its future likelihood.
A study that involves testing whether research
participants will “give themselves” a drug
“this wont hurt until tomorrow!”
what helps to explain the bases of perceived similarities
Drug discrimination study
Procedure concerning the effects on behavior of a drug that has a history of both reinforcement and punishment
Applicability of a research finding from one setting or group of research participants to others.
basic principle of the code is that research with humans cannot be conducted without the subjects’ responsible, voluntary, informed consent.
When drug effects are influenced by subjects’ histories with and beliefs and expectancies about drugs
A type of experimental design in which groups of subjects are compared to establish experimental findings
The commercial name given to a drug by its manufacturer.
The name given to a drug that represents its chemical structure
The general name given to a drug that is shorter than its chemical name.
The branch of medicine that deals with the incidence, distribu-on,and
possible control of diseases and other factors relating to health
Emil Kraepelin, Phillip Pinel, and J.E. Equirol developed a classification system of __________
__________ is for depression
What kind of therapy is used today?
What did Chloropromazine do?
– Prevented shock during surgery
– Reduc-on of hospitalized psychiatric pa-ents – Reserpine – 1954
What is Meprobamate?
What is MAOIs?
_____________ of the U.S. adult popula-on experience mental disorder in any given year
Almost __________of U.S. adults met the criteria for a mental illness at some point in their lives
_____________ of adults with one mental disorder met the criteria for another disorder
When do signs of mental illness occur?
14 or 24
For Psychotherapeutic Medication _____________ use is about twice as high among women as among men
Psychotherapeutic medication use increases with _________-?
For the Elderly_________of drugs taken in the US
Mandates explicit procedures for distributing and
dispensing Rx medications
The Comprehensive Drug Abuse Preven-on and Control Act of 1970
What is Therapeutic usage of of psychotherapeutric drugs?
Antipsychotics, Antidepressants, Anti-anxiety agents, Antimanic medications
_________________ Used primarily for Schizophrenia and associated symptoms.
_______________ of the population in the US will experience a depressive episode in their life-me
What does SSRI stand for?
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
What does SNRI stand for?
Serotonin-Norepinephrine Reuptake Inhibitors)
__________ is depression results from a deficiency in catecholamines (par-cularly norepinephrine) at varied neuron receptor sites in the brain
____________ is the other central theory of an-depressant ac-on, postulates that depression is the result of a deficiency of the neurotransmiler serotonin in the brain.
What does MAOIs stand for?
Monoamine Oxidase Inhibitors
____________ people seem to experience their anxiety most of the -me
anxiety is much greater at some -mes than at others
___________________ is used for Depressant drugs formally used as sleeping pills
____________ is the most currently the most widely perscribed an--anxiety
___________ is a state with pronounced eleva-ons in mood and increased ac-vity
Used for Mania
When was coca available?
symptoms of itching and feeling as if insects are crawling under the skin
Coca was medically used when?
What war did they used coca on for the veterans?
selling large quantities (500 gm) of cocaine powder will get you a minimum offense of ___________ years.
The _____________ Regulates sell of pseudoephedrine and ephedrine
1996 Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act
How long does cocain effects last?
How long does amphetamines last?
___________ also increases the release of dopamine and norepinephrine
___________ is another word for sympathomimetic drugs