Flashcards in exam 3 Deck (60):
____________ is the percentage of smoking related deaths that occur in the U.S. that reported beginning smoking when they were adolescents.
Moderate drinking associated with lower risk of ___________.
__________ is the estimated average consumption of caffeine worldwide.
70mg per day
____________ is the estimated average consumption of caffeine in the U.S.
170mg per day
_____________ is when it is important to them.. Ex. scared of dying.
____________ is when they are forced to quit because of health.
_________ is the standard drink defined in oz's.
What is the standard drink for wine, beer, and liquor.
4 ,12, 1
______________ is an increase in the rate of metabolizing a drug as a result of its regular use.
_____________ Is a type of functional tolerance that occurs within a course of action of single drug dose.
______________ is a type of functional tolerance that occurs after more chronic and regular use.
Protracted Functional Tolerance
_____________ facilitates many of the disease processes associated with smoking.
Caffeine is absorbed through the _____________.
When was the peak of smoking in America?
In what year was it determined that nicotine causes physical dependence?
How many smokers die in the U.S. prematurely yearly?
____________ is known as the cradle to the grave drug
___________ is how caffeine is consumed in the U.S.
__________ is how is caffeine distributed through out the body?
__________ is how caffeine is secreted from the body.
What can coffee prevent?
counteract side effects of other medications
______________ is called when sugar is dissolved to water and exposed to air.
__________ is where the first beer was produced.
___________ is where the first distilled spirits were produced.
What year was was prohibition repealed?
___________ will slow the absorption of alcohol.
___________ is the legal intoxication limit in the U.S.
How is alcohol metabolized?
through the liver. It is broken down to acetaldehyde by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase then the acetaldehydryde is eventually broken down into carbon dioxide and water.
___________ is when amnesia about events when drinking even when there was no loss of conscious.
___________ is when partially recall events that occurred in full consciousness.
The average smoker absorbs _______- ________ mg of nicotine for each cig they smoke.
______________ is the reason people continue to smoke.
Short half life nicotine
__________ has a quicker occurring tolerance.
__________ is a more depressant than a stimulant
mood swings, feeling nasuas, and being tired are parts of ____________.
People who smoke have _______ body weight.
Where is most cancer causing substances found in a cig?
__________ % of a cigarette is inhaled when inhaled.
___________ is the biggest cause of death in the U.S.
Tobbacco smoke was considered a ____________ in 1993.
Alcohol in the U.S. is denoted by __________.
The proof is _________ x's the percent of alcohol in the drink.
____________ is classified as a food because it has calories.
A standard drink is a ________ oz of alcohol.
____________ drinking lowers risk of heart disease.
What is the amount of caffeine that is consumed from young middle to older adulthood?
Increases to age 65
____________ is the most toxic way to smoke tobacco?
The prevalence of smoking since 1965 has ______________.
What group ism out likely to use snuff and cigs?
_____________ is the most efficient way to get a dose of nicotine.
How long does it take to develop the first signs of nicotine tolerance.
during or after first cigarette
_____________ is the most reported withdrawal symptom of nicotine.
______________ % of lung cancer deaths associated with smoking.
What are methylxanthines?
How is caffeine most consumed through the U.S.?
When does the peak limit of caffeine occur?
15-45 minutes after consumption
What are the metabolism patterns for smokers and nonsmokers?
smokers excrete caffeine 50% faster than nonsmokers
What type of alcohol is used in the production of alcoholic beverages?
What is used to make Rum, Brandy, Whiskey, and Vodka?
Rum= sugar cane
Brandy=distilled from wine
Vodka=fermented grains or potatoes