exam 3 Flashcards Preview

Drug use and abuse > exam 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in exam 3 Deck (60):
1

____________ is the percentage of smoking related deaths that occur in the U.S. that reported beginning smoking when they were adolescents.

90%

2

Moderate drinking associated with lower risk of ___________.

coronary disease

3

__________ is the estimated average consumption of caffeine worldwide.

70mg per day

4

____________ is the estimated average consumption of caffeine in the U.S.

170mg per day

5

_____________ is when it is important to them.. Ex. scared of dying.

Intrinsic motivator

6

____________ is when they are forced to quit because of health.

Extrinsic motivator

7

_________ is the standard drink defined in oz's.

.5

8

What is the standard drink for wine, beer, and liquor.

4 ,12, 1

9

______________ is an increase in the rate of metabolizing a drug as a result of its regular use.

Dispositional tolerance

10

_____________ Is a type of functional tolerance that occurs within a course of action of single drug dose.

Acute Tolerance

11

______________ is a type of functional tolerance that occurs after more chronic and regular use.

Protracted Functional Tolerance

12

_____________ facilitates many of the disease processes associated with smoking.

Carbon monoxide

13

Caffeine is absorbed through the _____________.

gastrointestinal tract

14

When was the peak of smoking in America?

1963

15

In what year was it determined that nicotine causes physical dependence?

1988

16

How many smokers die in the U.S. prematurely yearly?

430,000

17

____________ is known as the cradle to the grave drug

caffeine

18

___________ is how caffeine is consumed in the U.S.

oraly

19

__________ is how is caffeine distributed through out the body?

the blood

20

__________ is how caffeine is secreted from the body.

kidneys

21

What can coffee prevent?

headaches
colds
counteract side effects of other medications
appetite suppressant

22

______________ is called when sugar is dissolved to water and exposed to air.

fermentation

23

__________ is where the first beer was produced.

Egypt

24

___________ is where the first distilled spirits were produced.

China

25

What year was was prohibition repealed?

1933

26

___________ will slow the absorption of alcohol.

eating

27

___________ is the legal intoxication limit in the U.S.

.08

28

How is alcohol metabolized?

through the liver. It is broken down to acetaldehyde by the enzyme alcohol dehydrogenase then the acetaldehydryde is eventually broken down into carbon dioxide and water.

29

___________ is when amnesia about events when drinking even when there was no loss of conscious.

Blackout

30

___________ is when partially recall events that occurred in full consciousness.

greyout

31

The average smoker absorbs _______- ________ mg of nicotine for each cig they smoke.

.1 .4

32

______________ is the reason people continue to smoke.

Short half life nicotine

33

__________ has a quicker occurring tolerance.

nicotine

34

__________ is a more depressant than a stimulant

nicotine

35

mood swings, feeling nasuas, and being tired are parts of ____________.

nicotine withdrawals

36

People who smoke have _______ body weight.

lower

37

Where is most cancer causing substances found in a cig?

tar

38

__________ % of a cigarette is inhaled when inhaled.

20

39

___________ is the biggest cause of death in the U.S.

Heart disease

40

Tobbacco smoke was considered a ____________ in 1993.

carsonagen

41

Alcohol in the U.S. is denoted by __________.

Volume

42

The proof is _________ x's the percent of alcohol in the drink.

2

43

____________ is classified as a food because it has calories.

Alcohol

44

A standard drink is a ________ oz of alcohol.

1/2

45

____________ drinking lowers risk of heart disease.

moderate

46

What is the amount of caffeine that is consumed from young middle to older adulthood?

Increases to age 65

47

____________ is the most toxic way to smoke tobacco?

cigarettes

48

The prevalence of smoking since 1965 has ______________.

decreased

49

What group ism out likely to use snuff and cigs?

men 18-25

50

_____________ is the most efficient way to get a dose of nicotine.

cigars

51

How long does it take to develop the first signs of nicotine tolerance.

during or after first cigarette

52

_____________ is the most reported withdrawal symptom of nicotine.

headache

53

______________ % of lung cancer deaths associated with smoking.

20

54

What are methylxanthines?

caffeine, theophylline,theobromine

55

How is caffeine most consumed through the U.S.?

through coffee

56

When does the peak limit of caffeine occur?

15-45 minutes after consumption

57

What are the metabolism patterns for smokers and nonsmokers?

smokers excrete caffeine 50% faster than nonsmokers

58

What type of alcohol is used in the production of alcoholic beverages?

ethanol

59

What is used to make Rum, Brandy, Whiskey, and Vodka?

Rum= sugar cane
Whiskey=corn
Brandy=distilled from wine
Vodka=fermented grains or potatoes

60

_____________% of heavy alcohol use in the previous month reported in 2007.

7