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Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (23):
1

Zone of Proximal Development

distance between the child's individual capacity and the capacity to perform with assistance. functions that are under development

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means of assistance performance

modeling, contingency management, feedback, instruction, questioning, and cognitive structuring

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modeling

process of offering behavior for imitation, showing how expecting imitation

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instruction

telling how, reading about it seperately

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feedback

telling learner how they did, corrective on wrong or right, immediate as possible, positive and emotional tone

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Questioning

Assisting and assessing, getting verbal response to know where students are and engaging critical thinkings

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Piaget's Constructivist Theory

knowledge developed in a person through internal cognitive processes and their interaction with the environment

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Schema

Includes all of our knowledge and is organized and can be displayed like a Web

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Disequilibrium


Thinking is out of balance, confused about logic, need it so we are motivated to learn, create curiosity

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Equilibrium

State in which opposing forces or influence are balanced, calm state of mind

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Assimilation

Fitting new information into an existing schema

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Accommodation

Information is so different that you have to either create a new skimmer or greatly alter existing schema

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Development=

interaction with the physical world + social interactions + biology + equilibration

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Sensorimotor Period

birth-2, object permanence

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Object permanence

the knowledge that continues to exist when they are no longer in view

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Preoperational Period

2-6/7, egocentrism, confusion of appearance and reality, and causal reasoning.

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egocentrism

consider the world from own point of view

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confusing appearance and reality

focus on what is in front and not reality

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Precausal reasoning

use own ideas to understand cause and effect

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Concrete Operational Period

6/7-12, mentally think of actions and consequences, can think of other views, can have more than one perspective, understand that some things stay the same after altered, can classify.

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Formal Operations

(12-19), hypothetical reasoning, metacognitive thinking

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Scaffolding

set of methods used to help move a child through stages

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Three parts of scaffolding

Mediator, language, and shared activities