Exam 1 Flashcards Preview

MUSY 2003 > Exam 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1

Ravi Shankar
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

Hindustani, India, composer of Hindustani classical music

2

Tyagaraja
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

Karnatak, India, greatest composer

3

Lata Mangshkar
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

bollywood, India, standardized female vocals as thin, light

4

Harry T. Burleigh
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

jazz, black, arranged spirituals for choruses and voice and piano

5

Alan Lomax
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

folk, american, recorded a ton of folk music

6

Francis James Child
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

ballads, British, collected Child ballads

7

Reggie Rockstone
Style/genre, nationality, prominence

hiplife, ghana, pioneered hip-life movement

8

sachs-hornbostel instrument classification

idiophone, membranophone, chordophone, aerophone, electrophone

9

types of textures

monophonic = one melody
homophonic = one melody + accompaniment
polyphonic = many melodies

10

ostinato

short repeating section of music

11

sesquialtera

3:2 ratio

12

strophic

verse-repeating. All verses are sung to the same music

13

raga & tala

melody & cycle. 5-7 pitches per raga. most common tala is tintal, a 16-beat cycle

14

kriti

"creation," longer format of a karnatak song

15

agbekor & agbadza
:use of music, connect to culture

battle prep, funerals, political events; Ewe

16

holi & ganesh chaturthi festivals
:use of music, connect to culture

spring festival of colors & 10-day celebration of Lord Ganesh (end of august / early september)

17

jig & reel
:use of music, connect to culture

jig = Irish folk dance, fast in compound meters
reels = indigenous to Scotland, fast dense meter, crossed Atlantic with Irish and British migration

18

jazz funeral
:use of music, connect to culture

hymns (sacred songs for worship) & dirges (instrumental laments played at slow tempo)

19

vedic chant
:use of music, connect to culture

sacred spiritual texts of hinduism, closely associated with the royalty of India. Hindustani evolved from vedic chant

20

tambura
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

provides drone sound in [karnatak?] music

21

scottish highland pipes
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

outdoor, marching, war hype. Funerals for police & firemen who died in line of duty

22

uilleann pipes
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

irish, intimate, indoor settings

23

mridangam
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

double-headed drum. provides rhythmic accompaniment in karnatak music

24

tabla
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

pair of drums, important in hindustani music

25

sitar
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

20 stringed instrument, used in hindustani music

26

atumpan
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

pair of (big) drums, Akan

27

gankogui
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

double bell, Ewe

28

axatse
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

gourd shaker, Ewe

29

son (mexico)
:connect to ethnic group/culture & describe general characteristics

huasteco; song dance, strophic form, sesquialtera rhythm

30

highlife
:connect to ethnic group/culture & describe general characteristics

answer