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MUSY 2003 > deck_6834117 > Flashcards

Flashcards in deck_6834117 Deck (66)
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1

C-Pop (Shanghai Popular Music, Canto/Mando Pop)
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

chinese; mandarin, lyrics about city life, melodies = mixture of western and chinese

2

Tuvan/Mongolian Throat Singing
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Mongolians; featured overtone/harmonic, traditionally performed by men, it had a high 'whistle' overtone

3

Tibetan Buddhist Chant
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

buddhism; produce up to 3 notes simultaneously, repetitive chants used as meditation, focused on a single idea (mantra)

4

Ethiopian Orthodox Chant
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

ethiopia; performed for many hours during major holidays, traditionally played by men

5

Northwest wind/Chinese rock
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

chinese; music of young rebellion

6

Reggae
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

jamaica, syncopated rhythms, emphasis on 2 and 4

7

Isicathamiya
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Zulu - bantu ethnic group from South Africa; christian hymns, a cappella, dressed in elegant attire

8

Kwaito
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Johannesburg, South Africa; vulgar repetitive lyrics, like slower house music with african sounds and samples

9

Mento
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

jamaica; acoustic instruments, slow tempo, call-and-response, satirical lyrics, 4/4 time w/ accent on 4

10

National Anthem (Histories of US and South African)
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

US: melody from an old bar song; South Africa: mostly homophonic, foundation in western harmonies, strophic form, fairly lively tempo, 5 languages

11

Chimurenga Music
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Shona people of Zimbabwe; songs about guerrilla war, uses mbira music

12

Gamelan Gong Kebyar
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Balinese; kebyar = "to flare up", flashy, unpredictable, sudden (and gradual) changes in texture dynamics and tempo, interlocking, 5-note scale, alternating cyclical and free-flowing sections

13

Yoruban spiritual music/Santeria
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Nigeria, Caribbean; drumming central to worship, ostinatos, interlocking, polyrhythmic, call-and-response

14

Son Cubano
:connect to ethnic group/culture and describe general characteristics

Afro-Cuban; uses tres (6-string guitar, but are in pairs), cuban ostinato melodies, dense rhythm texture, characteristic clave rhythm

15

Dhol
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Punjab region in India; double-headed drum, "Jhummar" rhythm played by men

16

Tumbi
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Punjab; high-pitched single-string instrument, popular in Bhangra music

17

Jinghu
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Jingju (Beijing opera); primary melody instrument

18

Bata Drums
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Yoruba from Nigeria; double-headed signature drum. varies in size: biggest/most important "Mother drum" Iya

19

Sistrum
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

small metal idiophone; Ethiopian Christian Chant

20

Mbira
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Shona people of Zimbabwe; finger piano made of 22-28 flat metal "keys", a gourd resonator, and bottle caps

21

Congas/Tumbadoras
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Afro-Cuban; played contradanza-habanera rhythm

22

Kebaro
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Ethiopian Christian Chant; membranophone

23

Rhumba Box
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Jamaica; signature instrument of mento. constructed / played like a finger piano, 6 metal straps on a box

24

Berimbau
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Afro-Brazilian; single-string bow instrument with "coconut" at end. used in martial art Capoeira

25

Bandoneon
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

tango; signature instrument (button accordion), part of the orquesta tipica

26

Qin
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Chinese; chordophone, plucked by right / stopped by left, no pinky, uses vibrato, portamento, harmonics

27

Pipa
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Chinese; wen - lyrical, wu - martial, uses all 5 fingers. uses harmoincs, tremelo, portamento, percussive pizzicato (violent plucking to snap string back on instrument)

28

Steel Guitar
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Hawaii; chordophone played horizontaly, played with bar/slide (called a steel): featured vibrato, glissando, turnaround

29

Ukelele
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Hawaii; chordophone w/ 4 strings, "IZ" famously played it to advocate social change

30

Gamelan Ensemble
:describe its use and connect to specific tradition/culture

Indonesia (Java and Bali); predominant instrument ensemble: mostly metallophones.
Java - seate and majestic (royal courts)
Bali - virtuosic, unpredictable, flashy