Exam 1: Chapter 1, 2, and 3 Flashcards Preview

Marriage and Family Relationships > Exam 1: Chapter 1, 2, and 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1: Chapter 1, 2, and 3 Deck (65):
1

Legal vs Social Science Definitions of Family 

Family - A relationship by blood, marriage, or affection in which members may cooperate economically, may care for children and consider indetity to be intimatelly connected to the larger group 

 

2

Family of Orientation 

Family you were born into 

3

Family of Procreation 

Family you make through marriage, partnering, and/or parenthood 

4

Fictive Kin 

Nonrelatives whose bonds are strong and intimate 

5

Functions of families 

Support 

Love 

Fighting / Forgiveness 

Financial Support 

Stability 

Homebase 

Companionship 

Guidance 

Comfort / Care 

Remodel 

Regulation of Sexual Behavior 

Reproducing and Socializing Children 

Property and Inheritance 

Enconomic Cooperation 

Social Placement, Statue, Roles 

 

6

Marriage 

An institutional arrangement between persons to publicy recognize social and intimate bonds 

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Anthropologist William Stephen's Definition Marriage

1. Socially legitimate sexual union 

2. Public Announcement 

3. Undertaken with some idea of permanence 

4. Assumed with a more or less explicit marriage contract 

8

Family as social institutions 

A major sphere of social life, with a set of beliefs and rules that is organized to meet basic human needs 

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Monogamy 

Marriage between one man and one woman 

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Polygamy 

A system that allows for more than one spoise at a time (Gender unspecified)

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Patterns of Authority 

1. Patriarchy 

2. Matriarchy 

3.. Egalitarian 

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Patriarchy 

A form of social organization in which the norm or expectation is that men have a natural right ti be in positions of authority 

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Matriarchy 

A form of social organization in which the norm or expectation is that women have a natrual right to be in positions of authority 

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Egalitarian 

Men and women are equal in society 

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Patterns of Descent 

1. Bilateral 

2. Patrilineal 

3. Matrilineal 

 

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Bilateral 

Descent traced from both male and female side of family 

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Patrilineal 

Descent traced from man's line of the family 

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Matrilineal 

Decent traced mostly within the women's family line 

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Residence patterns 

1. Neolocal - Exceptation that newly married couples live independently 

2.Patrilocal - Exceptation that newly married couples live with the husband's family 

3. Matrilocal - Exceptation that newly married couples will live with wife's life 

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Empirical Approach 

Collection of data to predict behavior 

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Goals of Family Research 

Describle some phenomena 

Examine the factors that predict or associate with phenomena 

Explain the cause-and-effect relationships or provide insight into why certain events do / do not occur 

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Six Research Methods 

1. Survey

2. In-depth interviewing 

3. Experiments 

4. Focus Groups 

5. Observational Study 

6. Secondary Analysis  

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Survey 

Questions to collect data about something 

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In-depth Interviewing 

Looking for themes and examples of this questions to tell us more about certain topics 

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Experiments 

All scienc gold standard, they have a controlled method for finding casue and effect 

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Focus Groups 

Individual experiences that are similar to others 

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Observational Study 

Handss on as well as sitting back and just watching 

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Secondary Analysis 

Data from another purpose to understand different issues 

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Research Design 

Qualitative Research: Narrative descriptions with words to analyze patterns and develop meanings 

Quantitative Research: Data that can be measured numerically 

Mixed Mrthods : Both working together 

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Theory 

A general framework, explanation or tool used to understand and describe the real-life world 

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Family Theories 

1.Structural functionalism: model of why invested in relationship 

2. Conflict: social inequality 

3. Feminism: parenting related to gender 

4. Social Exchange: cost benefite of being in a relationship 

5.Symbolic Exchange: words/gestures to symbolize relations 

6. Developmental Theory: developmental framework related to families 

7. Systems Theory: something effects one family member it effects them all

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Social Stratification 

Hierarchical ranking of categories of people in society 

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Sociological Imagination 

Recognition that our personal experiences are, in large part, shaped by forces within the larger society 

34

Sex vs Gender 

Sex; Biological, physiological, and usually set 

Gender: Sociially constructed, mannerisms, and more self-identified 

35

Androgyny 

In between masouline and feminine 

36

Gender Socialization 

Teaching the cultural norms associated with being male/female

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Agents of Socialization 

Primary groups responsible for gender socialization 

38

Childhood: Learn to "do gender"

Children are greatly defined by gender 

- Name, clothing, decorations 

- Treatment by parents and teachers 

- Model behavior of some gender individuals 

- Rewarded for stereotypical behavior, punished for nonstereotypical 

39

Children 

Age 0-2: Know gender 

Age 2-5: Preschool aged chldren endorse rules, by 4 most kids playmates are of the same gender 

Age 5-11: age 3-7 endorse rules, pre-adolescents hold more flexible gender roles 

Adolescence: overt in enacting/enforcing gender roles, trying on roles to determine/establish gender 

40

Race and Ethnicity 

Population growing more diverse 

Race: skin color

Ethnicity: cultural, belief, language, food and other values 

Ethnic Groups - a group of people who share specific cultural features 

Minority Groups - less power than domain groups, subject to unequal treatments

41

Social Capital 

social networking connections, which can be a valuable source of information 

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Prejudice 

negative attitude about members of selected racial/ethnic group 

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Stereotypes 

Oversimplified sets of beliefs about a group of people 

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Discrimination 

Behaviors, action or practices based on race 

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Individual Discrimination 

One person exhibiting a negative behavior towards another 

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Institutional Discrimination 

A group of simiiliar people exhibiting negative behavior toward others 

47

Poverty guidelines (Poverty Line)

Guidelines established in 1964 as a way to measure the number of people living in poverty; based on a thrifty food budget, mulitipled by 3 

48

Consequences of Poverty Line 

Inadequate Health/Nutrition: food insecurity (lack of nourishing food)

Quality of Home Environment 

Parental Stress and Mental Health 

Fewer Resources for learning 

Housing problems

Poor-quality neighborhoods 

49

Social mobility

Movement from one social class to another

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Voluntary temporary singles

Unmarried adults who may be delaying marriage while pursuing education or establishing a career

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Voluntary stable singles

Unmarried adults desiring a single (unmarried) lifestyle

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Involuntary temporary singles

Singles actively searching for a mate but unable to find a sable one

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Involuntary stable singles

Unmarried adults who can expect to be single for life even though they may not want to be

54

Cross-sex friendships

A friendship between a man and a woman that is strictly platonic

55

Calling

A dating practice of the 18th and 19th centuries in which a young man would visit a young woman in her parents' home

56

Adolescence

The period of life that occurs between childhood and adulthood

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Principle of least interest

The idea that unequal emotional involvement between romantic partners has implications for the quality and stability of relationships

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Dating script

A set of expectations around dating that are somewhat different for men and women

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Homogamous relationships

Relationships in which we spend most of our time with people who are very similar to ourselves

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Propinquity

Geographical closeness

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Pool of eligibles

The group from which we are likely to choose our mates

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Cohabitation

An arrangement in which two people live together without being married

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Selection effect

An explanation for the fact that people who cohabit tend to be the same ones who later divorce

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Spurious

When a relationship between two variables is actually caused by a third variable

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