Exam 4: Chapter 12, 13, 14, and 15 Flashcards Preview

Marriage and Family Relationships > Exam 4: Chapter 12, 13, 14, and 15 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 4: Chapter 12, 13, 14, and 15 Deck (63):
1

Crude Divorce Rate

The number of divorces per 1,000 people in the population

2

Refined Divorce Rate

A measure of divorce based on the number of divorces that occur out of every 1,000 married women

3

Intergenerational Transmission of Divorce

A pattern noted by researchers that people whose parents divorced are also more likely to divorce

4

No-fault Divorce

A type of divorce, now prevalent in the fifty states, in which a divorcing couple can go before a judge without one party having to blame the other

5

Legal Separation

A binding agreement signed by both spouses that provides details about child support

6

Stations of Divorce

The interrelated emotional, legal, economic, co-parental, community, and psychic dimensions of divorce, which together attempt to capture the complexity of the divorce experience

7

Legal Divorce

The termination of the marriage contract by a state court order

8

Alimony

Payment by one partner to the other to support the more dependent spouse for a period of time

9

Legal Custody

A custody agreement where one parent has the legal authority to make important decisions concerning the children after a divorce, such as where they will go to school, in what community or state they will reside, or who will be notified in case of a health emergency or school problem

10

Sole Legal Custody

A child custody arrangement in which legal custody is granted solely to the parent with whom the child lives

11

Joint Legal Custody

A custody agreement in which noncustodial parents (usually fathers) retain their legal rights with respect to their children

12

Physical Custody

A child custody arrangement that decides where the child will reside

13

Sole Physical Custody

A child custody arrangement in which the child legally lives with one parent and "visits " the other parent

14

Joint Physical Custody

A custody arrangement in which children spend a substantial portion of time in the homes of both parents, perhaps altering weeks or days within a week

15

Child Snatching

The act of a noncustodial parent kidnapping his or her child

16

Divorce Mediation

A non-adversarial means of resolution, in which the divorcing couple, along with a third party, such as a therapist or trained mediator, negotiate the terms if their financial, custody, and visitation settlements

17

Child Support Order

A legal document delineating the amount and circumstances surrounding the financial support of noncustodial children

18

Binuclear Family

A type of family consisting of divorced parents living in two separate households but remaining one family in spirit for the sake of the children

19

Repartnering

The act of entering into a relationship after a divorce, which may lead to cohabitation or marriage

20

Double Standard of Aging

The view that women's attractiveness and femininity decline with age, but men's attractiveness and masculinity do not decline

21

Blended Family (or reconstituted family)

Another term for stepfamily; a family that may consist of stepparents, step-siblings, or half-siblings

22

Siblings

Children who share both biological parents

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Step-siblings

Children not biologically related but whose parents are married to one another

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Half-sibling

A child who shares one biological parent with another child

25

Mutual Child(ren)

The child (or children) born to a couple that has remarried

26

Residential Child(ren)

A child (or children) living in the household with a remarried couple more than half of the time

27

Nonresidential Child(ren)

A child (or children) living in the household of a divorced parent less than half of the time

28

Baby Boom Generation

People born in the years after WWII through the early 1960's

29

Life Expectancy

The amount of time (in years) a person can expect to live from birth

30

Centenarian

A person who lives to be at least 100 years old

31

Social Security

A federal government sponsored cash assistance program for seniors (and survivors)

32

Life-Stage Perspective

A perspective that claims development proceeds through a fairly set pattern of sequential stages that most people experience

33

Life-Span Perspective

A perspective that claims development is a lifelong process, is multidirectional, and consists of both positive and negative changes involving gains and loses

34

Life-Course Perspective

A perspective that sees age-related transitions as socially produced, socially recognized, and shared - a product of social structure, historical forces, and culture

35

Companionate Grandparenting

A type of grandparenting where the grandparents and grandchildren enjoy recreational activities, occasional overnight stays, and even babysitting with an emphasis on fun and enjoyment

36

Remote Grandparenting

A type of grandparenting in which the grandparent and grandchildren are emotionally or physically distant

37

Involved Grandparenting

A type of grandparenting in which the grandparents and grandchildren have frequent interaction or possibly even live together

38

Kinkeeping

Maintaining ties among family members

39

Gerontologists

Researchers studying issues affecting the elderly

40

Activities of Daily Living (ADL's)

General day-to-day activities such as cooking, cleaning, bathing, and home repair

41

Dementia

The loss of mental functions such as thinking, memory, and reasoning

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Alzheimer's disease

The most common form of dementia; at present, it is incurable

43

Formal Care

Care provided by social service agencies on a paid or volunteer basis

44

Informal Care

Unpaid care by someone close to the care recipient

45

"Sandwich Generation"

A generation of people who are in the middle of two living generations providing care to members of cohorts on both sides of them, parents and children

46

Resilience

A multi-faceted ability to thrive despite adversity

47

Individual-level Protective Factors

Traits including a positive self-concept, sociability, intelligence and scholastic competence, autonomy, self-esteem, androgyny, good communication and problem-solving skills, humor, and good mental and pysical health

48

Family Protective Factors

Family characteristics or dynamics that shape the family's ability to endure in the face of risk factors

49

Family Recovery Factors

Family characteristics or dynamics that assist families in bouncing back from a crisis situation

50

Community Factors

Community features that help promote resilience, such as social networks and religious and faith-based fellowships

51

Selective Programs

Programs for which only a select group of people is eligible

52

Means-tested Programs

Programs for which beneficiaries need to meet some eligibility requirement to quality

53

Universal Programs

Programs to help strengthen all families without any eligibility requirement

54

Progressive Taxation

A tax system under which those who earn more pay a higher percentage of their income in taxes than those who earn less

55

National Health Insurance

A healthcare system for all citizens that considers health care a public right

56

Maternity (family) leave

A paid and guaranteed leave from work to care for children, including after the birth of a child

57

Flextime

Flexibility in the daily hours of work

58

Flexplace

Flexibility in the location of work, including working from home

59

Telecommuting

Flexibility in the location of work, including working from home

60

Earned Income Tax Credit

A refundable federal tax credit for low-income working families that reduces the amount of taxed owed

61

Temporary Assistance to Needy Families (TANF)

The principal cash welfare program in the United States

62

Early Childhood Intervention

Attempts to maintain or improve the quality of life for young children

63

Cumulative Advantages and Disadvantages

Early life chances that influence statue in later life