Exam 1: Chapter 6- Corporate Level Strategy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 1: Chapter 6- Corporate Level Strategy Deck (26):
1

Corporate advantage

occurs when a firm maximizes its resources to build a competitive advantage across its business units

2

Diversification

A strategy in which a firm engages in several different businesses that may or may not be related in an attempt to create more value than if the businesses existed as stand-alone entities

3

Single-product strategy

a strategy in which a firm focuses on one specific product, typically in one market

4

Related diversification

a firm that own more than one business that uses a similar set of tangible and intangible resources

5

Unrelated diversification

a firm that manages several businesses with no reasonable connection

6

Horizontal diversification

another name for related diversification where a firm pursues businesses that share a similar set of tangible and intangible resources

7

Economies of scope

exist when the costs of operating two or more businesses or producing two or more products with the same corporate structure is less than the costs of operating the businesses independently or producing each product separately

8

Managers diversify their organizations for several reasons

1) the opportunity to leverage core assests or skills between different businesses
2) the opportunity for growth
3) the potential to manage or minimize risk
4) the potential for personal gain

9

synergy

created when a firm generates sustainable cost savings by combining duplicate activities or deploying underutilized assets across multiple businesses

10

Related diversification expanded

often involves firms that pursue economies of scope through the sharing of resources or capabilities

11

Market Power

achieved when a firm attempts to increase the price at which it sells products to levels above the normal price seen in the market

12

Transferring skills leads to competitive advantage if the similarities among businesses meet the following three conditions:

1) The activities involved in the business are similar enough that sharing expertise is meaningful
2) the transfer of skills involves activities important to competitive advantage
3) the skills transferred represent a significant source of competitive advantage for receiving unit

13

Financial economies

cost saving that a firm achieves through the distribution of capital among business units

14

The Diversification Test

-Attractiveness Test
-Cost of Entry Test
-Better-Off Test

15

International Scope Test

Considers two familiar components:
-"Better off Test"
-"Ownership Test"

16

Better Off Test

Will a global presence improve a firm's competitive advantage over and above what it could achieve on its own?

17

Ownership Test

Does owning a global business unit provide the best alternative to sustaining or achieving a competitive advantage?

18

Factor Cost Differences

cost savings achieved by access to raw materials or other factors such as low-cost labor

19

Vertical Integration

occurs when one corporation owns business units that make inputs for other business units in the same corporation

20

Backward integration

occurs when a firm owns or controls the inputs it uses

21

Forward Integration

occurs when a firm owns or controls the customer or distribution channels for its main products

22

Administrative costs

the costs of coordinating activities between business units

23

Transaction costs

costs to obtain products or services from a contractor or supplier as well as the costs associated with writing and administering the contracts for these products and services

24

Alternatives to Vertical Intergration

Spot Contracts
Outsourcing

25

Spot Contracts

contracts that allow a buyer to purchase a commodity at a specific price

26

Outsourcing

Contracting with a firm outside the corporation to perform certain tasks or functions that the corporation used to do on its own