Exam 1 Images Flashcards Preview

SP14 - Human Anatomy Exam 1 > Exam 1 Images > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Images Deck (83):
1

1. posterior median sulcus

2. posterior funiculus

2

1. posterior horn

2. lateral funiculus

3

1. anterior horn

2. anterior funiculus

4

1. anterior median fissure

2. anterolateral sulcus

5

1. posterolateral sulcus

2. posterior intermediate sulcus

6

1. posterior funiculus

2. posterior horn

7

1. lateral funiculus

2. intermediate horn

8

1. anterior horn

2. anterior funiculus

9

1. anterior median fissure

2. anterolateral sulcus

10

1. posterolateral sulcus

2. posterior intermediate sulcus

11

1. posterior median sulcus

2. posterior funiculus

12

1. posterior funiculus

2. posterior horn

13

1. lateral funiculus

2. anterior horn

14

1. anterior funiculus

2. anterior median fissure

15

1. anterolateral sulcus

2. posterolateral sulcus

16

1. posterior median sulcus

2. posterior funiculus

17


a, b

a. nucleus gracilis

b. nucelus cuneatus

18

c, d

c. trigeminal spinal nucleus

d. gracilis tract

19

e, f

e. cuneate tract

f. trigeminal spinal tract

20

g, h

g. medial lemniscus

h. pyramidal tract

21

a, b

a. cuneate nucleus

b. trigeminal spinal nucleus

22

c, d

c. solitary nucleus

d. dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus

23

e, f


e. hypoglossal nucleus

f. cuneate tract

24


g, h

g. trigeminal spinal tract

h. solitary tract

25

i, j

i. medial lemniscus

j. pyramidal tract

26


a, b

a. vestibular nuclear complex

b. cochlear nucleus

27

c, d

c. solitary nucleus

d. inferior olive

28


e, f

e. trigeminal spinal tract

f. solitary tract

29


g, h

g. medial lemniscus

h. pyramidal tract

30

i, j

i. medial longitudinal fasciculus

j. inferior cerebellar peduncle

31

a, b

a. abducens nucleus

b. facial nucleus

32

c, d

c. inferior olive

d. inferior cerebellar peduncle

33

e, f

e. middle cerebellar peduncle

f. superior cerebellar peduncle

34

g, h

g. medial lemniscus

h. pyramidal tract

35

i, j

i. medial longitudinal fasciculus

j. fourth ventricle

36

a, b

a. trigeminal motor nucleus

b. trigeminal principal sensory nucleus

37

c, d

c. trigeminal mesencephalic nucleus

d. medial lemniscus

38

e, f

e. medial longitudinal fasciculus

f. middle cerebellar peduncle

39

g, h

g. pyramidal tract

h. superior cerebellar peduncle

40

i, j

i. trigeminal mesencephalic tract

j. trigeminal nerve root

41

k, m


k. basilar pons

m. fourth ventricle

42

a, b

a. periaqueductal gray

b. inferior colliculus

43

c, d

c. superior cerebellar peduncle

d. medial longitudinal fasciculus

44

e, f

e. medial lemniscus

f. lateral lemniscus

45

g, h

g. basilar pons

h. cerebral aqueduct

46

a, b

a. periaqueductal gray

b. superior colliculus

47

c, d

c. oculomotor nuclear complex

d. superior cerebellar peduncle

48

e, f

e. medial longitudinal fasciculus

f. medial lemniscus

49

g

g. cerebral aqueduct

50

What pathway is shown? What type of nerve fiber is shown at the bottom?

- discrimative touch pathway

- A-beta fibers

51


What pathway is shown? What type of nerve fiber is shown at the bottom?

- fast pain pathway

- A-delta fibers

52

What pathway is shown? What type of nerve fiber is shown at the bottom?

- slow pain pathway

- C fibers

53

What pathway is this? Starting from the top, name all of the structures that the nerve passes through.


- Pain Regulation Pathway

- periaqueductal gray

- nucleus raphe magnus (medulla)

- raphe spinal tract (serotonin)

- lamina II

54

What pathway is shown? What nerve fiber is shown in blue? What nerve fiber is shown in green? What type of synapse is shown?


- myotatic (stretch) reflex

- A-alpha sensory fiber

- alpha motor neuron

- monosynaptic synapse

55

For the autonomic system, name the general components shown at 1 and 2.


1. preganglionic neuron

2. postganglionic neuron

56

Name the components of the SYMPATHETIC division of the ANS. (For 2 and 4, name the neurotransmitters released here)

1. preganglionic neuron

2. acetylcholine

3. postganglionic neuron

4. norepinephrine

57

Name the components of the PARASYMPATHETIC division of the ANS. (For 2 and 4, name the neurotransmitters released here)

1. preganglionic neuron

2. acetylcholine

3. postganglionic neuron

4. acetylcholine

58

For CN III (oculomotor), name the preganglionic nucleus and its location (1), the ganglion (2), and what it innervates (3).

1. Edinger-Westphal nucleus in the midbrain

2. ciliary ganglion

3. pupilary constrictor muscle and ciliary muscle

59

For CN VII (facial), name the preganglionic nucleus and its location (1), the ganglion (2 and 3), and what it innervates (4 and 5).

1. superior salivatory nucleus
 in the pons

2. pterygopalatine ganglion

3. submandibular ganglion

4. lacrimal gland

5. submandibular and sublingual gland

60



For CN IX (glossopharyngeal), name the preganglionic nucleus and its location (1), the ganglion (2), and what it innervates (3).

1. inferior salivatory nucleus
 in the medulla

2. otic ganglion

3. parotid salivary gland

61

For CN X (vagus), name the preganglionic nucleus and its location (1), the location of the ganglion (2), and what it innervates (3 and 4).

1. dorsal motor nucleus of the vagus and nucleus ambiguous

2. wall of target tissue

3. heart

4. gut

62

For sacral parasympathetic outflow, name the preganglionic nucleus and its location (1), the fibers that it travels as (2), the location of the ganglion (3), and what it innervates (4 and 5).

1. sacral cord levels S2-S4

2. pelvic splanchnic nerves

3. wall of target tissue

4. bladder

5. rectum

63

Identify the parts of the neuron.

1. dendrites

2. cell body

3. axon

4. axon terminal

64

Nissl bodies

65

What is the classification of this neuron based on structure? Based on function?


- multipolar neuron

- motor or interneuron

66

What is the classification of this neuron based on structure? Based on function?


- bipolar

- special sensory

67

What is the classification of this neuron based on structure? Based on function?


- unipolar

- general sensory

68

What types of synapses are shown here (based on which neuronal components are involved)?

1. axosomatic synapse

2. axodendritic synapse

3. axoaxonic synapse

69

Identify 1 and 2. What type of synapse is shown?


1. axon terminal

2. dendrite

axodendritic synapse

70

1. oligodendrocyte

2. cell body of neuron

71

oligodendrocyte

72

astrocyte

73

astrocyte

74

ependymal cell

75

microglial cell

76

microglia cell

77

satellite cells

78

1. perineurium

2. fascicle

3. nerve fibers

4. endoneurium

79

1. epineurium

2. perineurium

80

1. myelin sheath

2. Schwann cell cytoplasm

3. neurilemma

81

Identify what is at the "?". Are these axons myelinated or unmyelinated?

- Node of Ranvier

- myelinated

82

What does this image depict?


cross-section of myelinated axons

83

Identify 1 and 2. Are these nerve fibers myelinated?

1. Node of Ranvier

2. axons

myelinated