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Flashcards in Exam 1: Labs & Bates Videos Deck (70)
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1

(fatigue/weakness) is a relatively non specific symptom with many causes and can be associated with sustained stress, grief, and hard work. It should be seriously addressed if it relates to anemia, thyroid disorder, depression, or cardiac ischemia

fatigue

2

(fatigue/weakness) denotes a loss of muscle power and understand what areas effect the patient and if there is a loss of sensory or neurological symptoms

weakness

3

What are the seven attributes of every symptoms

location, quality, quantity, timing, setting, remitting or exacerbating, associated manifestations

4

What are the questions to ask a patient regarding weight gain?

How is your weight compared to a year ago? Why do you think your weight has changed? What would you like to weight?

5

What aspects should we be looking for during the general survey

level of consciousness, skin, facial expression, odors, and BMI

6

What type of odors should we notice during the general survey

fruity smell that occurs in diabetes or alcohol

7

If the BMI is greater than 35, where should be measure be done at?

Measure the patient's waist circumference just above the hips

8

What are concerning measurements of circumference for BMI for males and females

Males = greater than 40inches Female = greater than 35 inches

9

If a patient's BMI is lower than _____, investigate anorexia, bulimia, and other medical conditions

18.5

10

How should you properly size a BP cuff?

The width of the bladder should be 40% of upper arm circumference (12-14cm) The length of the bladder should be 80% of upper arm circumference

11

How to estimate how high to raise the BP cuff pressure

First estimate systolic pressure by palpating the radial artery. Inflate the cuff until the pulse disappears, then add 30mmHg to it

12

What are you listening for during measurement of BP

The K sounds. Listen for the first two beats on the arm until they go away or sound muffled

13

How do you assess orthostatic hypotension

A drop is systolic blood pressure of 20 millimeters or greater, or in a diastolic blood pressure of 10 millimeters or greater within 3 minutes of standing

14

What are the two ways to assess respiratory rate

1. visual inspection 2. Listening over the trachea with a stethoscope

15

What is a normal respiratory rate

20 bpm

16

What is a normal body temperature of a person

37 degrees C 98.6 degrees F

17

What are the four types of skin pigements

melanin, carotene, oxyhemoglobin and deoxyhemoglobin

18

which skin pigment is brownish and is genetically determined and can be increased by the sun

melanin

19

Which skin pigment is golden yellow found in subcutaneous fat and heavily keratinized areas

Carotene

20

Which skin pigment is bright red and found in arteries and proximal capillaries

oxyhemoglobin

21

Which skin pigment is darker and bluer found in the distal capillaries and veins

deoxyhemoglobin

22

Which part of the nail is attached to the nail bed and gets its pick color from the bed

the nail plate

23

What is the whitish moon on the nail called

lunula

24

Which part of the nail covers 1/4 of the nail plate`

nail root

25

Which part of the nail extends from proximal nail fold and acts as a seal from external mositure

cuticle

26

When does clubbing of the nails occur

when the nail plate is greater than 180 degrees and is convex

27

What is name of the yellowish tint in sclera that indicated liver damage

jaundice

28

How to assess skin mobility

pinch and grab a skin fold to how well it brings up

29

How to assess skin turgor

After pinch and grabbing skin upward, not the speed to which the skin returns back to place

30

Describe a macule lesion

flat on the skin