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Flashcards in Final: Peripheral System Deck (47)
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1

What is the term the describes an area of skin supplied by cutaneous branches of single spinal nerves

dermatome

2

What are the three layers of an artery

tunica intima
tunica media
tunica externus

3

Which layer of an artery is normally smooth and loaded with molecules which resist through formation

tunica intima

4

Which layer of an artery responds with thrombus formation and plaques when injured

tunica intima

5

Which layer of an artery is a muscular wall with inner and outer elastic membranes and responsible for peripheral resistance to blood flow

tunica media

6

Which layer of an artery is the outer most layer that is primarily composed to connective tissue

tunica externus

7

What are the three upper extremity pulse locations

brachial
radial
ulnar

8

What are the four lower extremity pulse locations

femoral
popliteal
dorsalis pedis
posterior tibial

9

Which pulse is located on the anterior aspect of the elbow in the antecubital region

brachial

10

Which pulse is located on the palmer side of the wrist, proximal to the thenar eminence

radial

11

Which pulse is located on the ulnar side of the wrist and is difficult to palpate

ulnar

12

Which pulse is located on the anterior thigh/groin region

femoral

13

Which pulse is located on the popliteal fossa

popliteal

14

Which pulse is located on the dorsum of the foot next to the TA tendon

dorsalis pedis

15

Which pulse is located posterior to the medial malleolus

posterior tibialis

16

Peripheral artery disease or arterial insufficiency is associated with _______

atherosclerosis

17

PAD prevalence (increase/decrease) with age

increase

18

What are the 4 risk factors for developing PAD

age
smoking
hyperlipidemia
diabetes

19

What is allen's test testing?

arterial insufficiency in the radial and ulnar arteries

20

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Calf pain or general LE pain

intermittent

21

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Induced by LE exercise

intermittent

22

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication


Relieved by rest within 10 minutes. Not so much by change is position

intermittent

23

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Caused by ischemia 2 degrees to LE PAD

intermittent

24

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Can be calf, thigh, hip pain

neurogenic

25

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Usually induced by walking or prolonged standing

neurogenic

26

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Relieved by changed of position, not so much by rest

neurogenic

27

Is this intermittent claudication or neurogenic claudication

Caused by neural compression 2 degrees to lumbar stenosis

neurogenic

28

What is normal range of ABI

1 to 1.1

29

What is a borderline ABI

0.91 - .99

30

What is an abnormal ABI

less than 0.9 or greater than 1.3