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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (60)
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1

What two bony landmarks are good to know when listening to heart and lung sounds with a stethoscope?

sternal angle and 2nd rib interspace

2

If you are palpating the inferior angle of the scapula, which rib do you know is just below the scapula?

Rib 8

3

Which spinal segment is attached to the first rib and which spinal segment is attached to the 12th (last) rib

first rib: T1
last rib: T12

4

What is another term for the sternal angle?

Angle of louis

5

The trachea is a ____ shape

tube

6

True or false:

Chest pain is not always a concern

False: it is always a concern

7

What is pneumothorax or hemothorax

It is when the space between the parietal pleura and visceral pleural (pleural cavity) either fills up with air or blood

8

What does GERD stand for and what causes it

GERD stands for gastroesophageal reflux disease and it is when stomach acid coming up into the esophagus

9

Can pain in the chest be referred pain?

yes

10

What are the 9 possible causes for chest pain

angina
pleurisy
pneumo/hemothorax
bronchitis
pneumonia
costochondritis
rib fracture/rib separation
GERD
Referred from other structures

11

Chest pain can be referred from what two structures

gall bladder and stomach

12

The (visceral/parietal) pleura is the membrane that covers the lungs

visceral

13

The (visceral/parietal) pleura is the membrane that covers the chest cavity

parietal

14

What is pleural effusion

It is when fluid accumulates in the pleural cavity and the lung gets smaller and smaller due to the increase of fluid

15

What is dyspnea

shortness of breath

16

_____ is nonpainful, increased depth and frequency of breathing and not associated with exertion

dyspnea

17

_____ is high pitched breathing indicating partial airway obstruction

wheezing

18

wheezing is a high pitched breathing indicating partial ______ obstruction

airway

19

Dyspnea is nonpainful, increased depth and frequency of breathing and is not associated with _____.

exertion

20

A _____ is a reflexive, forceful expiration

cough

21

A cough is a reflexive, forceful ______

expiration

22

What are examples of what can stimulate a cough

fluids, solids, inflammation, congestive heart failure

23

In regards to coughing, we want to be mindful of sputum. What is sputum?

Color, smell, consistency characteristics

24

What is the term used to describe coughing up blood

hemoptysis

25

What is hemoptysis

coughing up blood

26

What is the normal respiratory rate

12-20/min

27

What must the respiratory rate be to be considered bradypnea

less than 12

28

What must the respiratory rate be to be considered hyperpnea/hyperventilation

greater than 20

29

______ respiratory rate may indicate drug induced respiratory depression

bradypnea

30

_____ respiratory rate is normal with exercise or may indicate hypoxia

hyperpnea/hyperventilation