Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 2 Deck (20)
Refers to the ability to shift attention between mental sets, tasks, or operations.
Refers to the ability to monitor information as it enters
working memory, analyze it for relevance to the current task, and modify the contents of working memory by replacing older, less relevant information with information that is newer and more relevant
Refers to the ability to consciously inhibit dominant
Primarily mastered during the early elementary grades, and includes recognizing high-frequency
words, decoding, and understanding the conventions of print.
Typically mastered by the end of middle school, pertains to general comprehension, understanding the
meanings of common words, decoding low-frequency words, self-monitoring comprehension,
and reading fluently.
Comprised of the specialized linguistic skills needed for mastery of specific academic subjects
What are the language disorders characterized by?
Deficits in the comprehension and/or production of spoken and/or written language in any combination of deficits of form, content, and use
Language disorder in the absence of differentiating conditions.
Developmental language disorder (DLD)
What are some risk factors for developing a language disorder for children who are 4 or younger?
No word combinations by age 2, lack of joint attention, making gestures, imitating body movements, family history of literacy problems
What is a good marker for predicting language disorders in children ages 3-4?
What is another term for developmental language disorder (DLD)?
Specific language disorder
What is an issue with using the term "developmental language disorder"
"Developmental" might be viewed as something that a child will grow out of it when it doesn't
Small units of language that carry meaning
What is an example of derivational morphemes?
Happy changes to unhappy or happily
Combines morphology and syntax; grammatical structure
Ability to take another person's perspective
Theory of mind
Ability to build a mental representation; taking in information and making sense of it and encoding it
We have a certain amount of space for the ability to store and encode information simultaneously (working memory) if a person is at maximum capacity, the person will forget or not understand language
Capacity theory of comprehension
Visuospatial sketchpad, episodic buffer, and phonological loop all interact to create executive functions
Baddeley model of working memory