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Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 2 Deck (20)
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1

Refers to the ability to shift attention between mental sets, tasks, or operations.

Shifting

2

Refers to the ability to monitor information as it enters
working memory, analyze it for relevance to the current task, and modify the contents of working memory by replacing older, less relevant information with information that is newer and more relevant

Updating

3

Refers to the ability to consciously inhibit dominant
responses.

Inhibition

4

Primarily mastered during the early elementary grades, and includes recognizing high-frequency
words, decoding, and understanding the conventions of print.

Basic literacy

5

Typically mastered by the end of middle school, pertains to general comprehension, understanding the
meanings of common words, decoding low-frequency words, self-monitoring comprehension,
and reading fluently.

Intermediate literacy

6

Comprised of the specialized linguistic skills needed for mastery of specific academic subjects

Disciplinary literacy

7

What are the language disorders characterized by?

Deficits in the comprehension and/or production of spoken and/or written language in any combination of deficits of form, content, and use

8

Language disorder in the absence of differentiating conditions.

Developmental language disorder (DLD)

9

What are some risk factors for developing a language disorder for children who are 4 or younger?

No word combinations by age 2, lack of joint attention, making gestures, imitating body movements, family history of literacy problems

10

What is a good marker for predicting language disorders in children ages 3-4?

Repetition

11

What is another term for developmental language disorder (DLD)?

Specific language disorder

12

What is an issue with using the term "developmental language disorder"

"Developmental" might be viewed as something that a child will grow out of it when it doesn't

13

Small units of language that carry meaning

Morpheme

14

What is an example of derivational morphemes?

Happy changes to unhappy or happily

15

Combines morphology and syntax; grammatical structure

Morphosyntax

16

Ability to take another person's perspective

Theory of mind

17

Ability to build a mental representation; taking in information and making sense of it and encoding it

Working memory

18

We have a certain amount of space for the ability to store and encode information simultaneously (working memory) if a person is at maximum capacity, the person will forget or not understand language

Capacity theory of comprehension

19

Visuospatial sketchpad, episodic buffer, and phonological loop all interact to create executive functions

Baddeley model of working memory

20

_____ repetition has been reveled as a phenotypic marker for a language disorder

Non-word