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SLP 560 (Language Disorders) > Exam 1 Part 1 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Part 1 Deck (20)
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1

A social tool, mostly used in conversations, that is a rule-governed system of abstract symbols

Language

2

The oral expression of language

Speech

3

The sending and receiving of messages

Communication

4

The scientific study of the nature of disease and its causes, processes, development, and consequences

Pathologist

5

One who specializes in a type of therapy

Therapist

6

What are the 5 components of language?

Phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics, pragmatics

7

Refers to rules governing sentence structure; word order, clausal structure, the need for a noun phrase and verb phrase to produce a sentence

Syntax

8

Pertains to the combination of the smallest grammatical units (morphemes)

Morphology

9

Morphemes that stand alone and have meaning

Free morpheme

10

Must be attached to a free morpheme to have meaning

Bound morpheme

11

Morphemes used to mark grammatical constructions such as tense, plurality, or possession

Inflectional morpheme

12

Morphemes that change the word class or meaning

Derivational morpheme

13

The sound system of a language

Phonology

14

What are the 3 components that constitute form in a language?

Phonology, morphology, syntax

15

The social aspect/use of language

Pragmatics

16

Involves the meaning of language

Semantics

17

Model that conceptualizes pragmatics as the overall organizing component of language that contains phonology, morphology, syntax, and semantics as its interacting subunits.

Functionalist model

18

What other areas can children show deficits in if they have a language difficulty/disorder?

Working memory, executive function, attention, academic performance

19

System required to hold representations in the mind during the performance of complex tasks

Working memory

20

If the level of activation needed to simultaneously store and process the information exceeds the system’s maximum capacity, information will not be comprehended or will be forgotten.

Capacity theory of comprehension