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Semester 2 Adam KCU Anatomy II Exam Review > Exam 1 Review Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in Exam 1 Review Questions Deck (51)
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31

What muscle attaches to blue #30 in the photograph? (Picture, could change up number)

Quadratus femoris
Vastus Medialis
Iliopsoas
Gluteus Maximus

Iliopsoas

32

Which of the following is a characteristic for both the ilioinguinal and iliohypogastric nerves?

Innervate the psoas major muscle
Pass posterior to the quadratus lumborum
Are both part of the L1 ventral ramus
Together form the lumbosacral trunk
Supply the adductor muscles of the thigh

Are both part of the L1 ventral ramus

33

Most of the nerves of the lumbar plexus exten lateral to the psoas major muscle. Which of the following nerves pierces the psoas major and lies on its anterior surface?

Femoral
Obturator
Ilioinguinal
Iliohypogastric
Genitofemoral

Genitofemoral

34

Which of the following nerves/branches supply cutaneous innervation to the lower medial quadrant of the buttock?

Posterior rami of L1-L3 and S1-3
Iliohypogastric nerve and anterior rami of T12
Branches from posterior femoral nerves
Branches of anterior rami from lateral femoral cutaneous nerve

Branches from posterior femoral nerves

35

The gluteus medius and minimus are actually the same muscle separated by which of the following?

Femoral Nerve
Iliotibial tract
Superior gluteal nerve (and artery)
Inferior gluteal nerve

Superior gluteal nerve (and artery)

36

Which of the following structures passes through both the greater and the lesser sciatic foramen?

Piriformis muscles
Sciatic nerve
Pudendal nerve
Posterior femoral cutaneous nerve

Pudendal nerve

37

The Trendelenburg test is used to evaluate which of the following muscles:

Pectineus
Gluteus Medius
Gluteus maximus
Quadriceps femoris

Gluteus Medius

38

The three capsular ligament so the hip limit which of the following motions?

Lateral thigh rotation
Hip hyperextension
Hip flexion
Medial thigh rotation

Hip hyperextension

39

The ligamentum teres attaches to the fovea of the head of the femur and supports a small artery that supplies the head of the femur. This small artery is a branch of which of the following?

Femoral
Obturator
Superficial iliac
Pudendal

Obturator

40

Which of the following represents the lateral boundary of the femoral triangle?

Adductor Magnus
Adductor Longus
Sartorius
Pectineus

Sartorius

41

Which of the following is found in the femoral triangle but not the femoral sheath?

Femoral artery
Femoral vein
Femoral nerve
Lymphatics

Femoral nerve

42

Which of the following muscles of the anterior thigh inserts on the less trochanter of the femur?

Sartorius
Iliopsoas
Pectineus
Adductor Brevis

Iliopsoas

43

Which of the following arteries supplies the medial compartment of the thigh?

Femoral
Obturator
Deep Femoral
Saphenous

Obturator

44

Which of the following muscles attaches to both the medial aspect of the femur (linea aspera) and the adductor tubercle creating the adductor hiatus?

Gracilis
Pectineus
Adductor Longus
Adductor Magnus

Adductor Magnus

45

Which of the following muscles is part of the posterior compartment of the thigh and attaches to the ischial tuberosity proximally and is capable of extralli rotating the knee?

Semimembranosus
Semitendinosus
Biceps femoris (both heads)
Adductor Longus

Biceps femoris (both heads)

46

Which of the following statements concerning lymphatic drainage from the lower limb is correct?

Lymphatics draining the lateral foot ascend with the great saphenous vein

Lymphatics draining the lateral foot end in superficial lymph nodes

Lymphatics draining the lateral foot end in lymph nodes in the popliteal fossa

Lymphatics draining the lateral food also drain the external genitalia and perineum

Lymphatics draining the lateral foot end in lymph nodes in the popliteal fossa

47

Which of the following structures attach the menisci to the rims of the tibial plateaus?

Coronary
Cruciates
Collaterals
Fibular Collateral Ligament

Coronary

48

Which of the following muscles is necessary to unlock the knee from it's extended position?

Plantaris
Popliteus
Soleus
Lateral head of the gastrocnemius

Popliteus

49

Which of the following is not found in the popliteal fossa?

Popliteal nerve
Tibial nerve
Popliteal artery
Popliteal vein

Popliteal nerve

50

During knee extension, the patella is pulled proximally by the quadriceps and also laterally. Which of the following is required to counteract the lateral pull of the patella?

Vastus medialis oblique
Vastus lateralis
Vastus intermedius
Biceps femoris

Vastus medialis oblique

51

The popliteal fossa is formed by the borders of the four muscles. Which of the following pairs of muscles forms the interior boundaries of the popliteal fossa?

Semimembranosus and biceps femoris
Semitendinosus and semimembranosus
Medial and lateral heads of the gastrocnemius
Popliteus and peroneus

Medial and lateral heads of the gastrocnemius