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Flashcards in Exam 1 Study Guide Deck (46)
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1

Democracy

The majority of people rule

2

Republic

People are represented by elect officials. The right of the minority are protected.

Government of LAWS
NOT by man

3

Economics

Production distribution // consumption of goods // services in a free market system

4

Mercantilism

Economic theory.
Nations power is based on its wealth

5

Presentism

Attitude towards the past based on your experiences today

6

Disinterestedness

Free from self interest.. having no person advantage in a question or affair.
“We the people”

Examples are a judge or sport referee

7

What drives capitalism??

Profit

8

Charter Colony


Who elects the governor, upper house ( council), Lower house (assembly)

The people elect them all

9

What colonies are Charter colonies

Connecticut and Rhode Island

10

Proprietary Colony

Who elects the Governor, upper house, lower house??

Proprietors appoint elects the govern and upper house.

The people elect the lower house

11

What colonies are Proprietary Colonies??

Pennsylvania
Delaware
Maryland

12

Royal colonies
Who elects the governor, upper house, and lower house?

The King appoints the governor and the upper house. The people elect the lower house

13

What are the Royal colonies??

New Hampshire
Massachusetts
New York
New Jersey
Virginia
Georgia
North & South Carolina

14

The best form of Representation??

Charter Colonies

15

What is the worst form of representation??

The royal colonies

16

The people ALWAYS elect which house no matter what 13 colony

The lower house ( assembly)

17

What was the main crop export to Europe?

Tabasco

18

Tabasco was the main cash crop in what colonies

Maryland and Virginia

19

Rice was the main cash crop in what colonies

Georgia and South Carolina

20

Which colonies has the fastest growing economics

Georgia and South Carolina

21

What is the main economic activity in the colonies?

Farming

22

What religious group was in the north

Puritans

23

Dominion of New England

1686-1689
Royal government taxed residents in all New England, NY and east and west jersey

Sir Edmund Andros taxed residence without consent and strictly enforced navigation laws

This stopped when king James was replaced in 1688-1689

24

Salutary Neglect

1688-1763
The royals relax the colonial trade rules and navigation laws. This lasted from the glorious revolution to the French and Indian war in 1763

25

Navigation Laws

Series of laws passed in 1651 to regulate colonial shipping. Only English ships would be allowed to trade in English and colonial ports. All good design for the colonist would first pass for England

26

Sugar act

1764

The first law passed by Parliament to raise tax revenue in the colonies for England. This was made by Prime Minister George Grenville. The act was lowered and died down after protests from the colonists

27

Stamp Act

1765

Greenville imposed a stamp act on the colonies to raise revenue to support the new military force. The stamp act required colonist to use stamp paper to clarify payment of taxes on goods breaking news paper legal documents and diplomas

28

Why did colonists start to rebel the stamp act

They thought it was iminging on their liberties

29

Stamp act of Congress 1765

27 delegates from nine colonies met in New York City for the stamp act Congress of 1765.


The members drew up a statement of their rights and grievances and requested Parliament to repeal.



The meeting was ignored by England but it was a step towards revolutionary claims

30

The stamp act was repealed in.. by..

In 1766 by Parliament

31

Christopher Columbus

1492-1502

Columbus persuaded the Spanish monarchs to provide him with three ships

He sailed westward.

He landed on the Bahamas and Caribbean islands in October 1492

32

Americo Vespucci

1499-1502

Sailed from Spain - destination was South Africa.

Corrected Columbus and founded America

33

Vaso Nunez De Balboa

1513

Sail from Spain.

First to see the pacific ocean from the Americas

34

Columbian exchange

Increase of globalization. The transfer of goods crops and diseases between the new and old world societies after 1492

35

In 1500s who became the dominant exploring and colonizing power

Spain

36

The Treaty of Tordesillas

1494

Divided the Americas between Spain and the Portuguese

37

The Spanish conquers came to America in the service of

God and search of gold and glory

38

Encomienda

Spanish government allowed Indians to be enslaved by colonist as long as the colonists promised to Christianize them

39

Roanoke island

The first English attempt at colonization. Promoter sir Humphrey Gilbert died at sea in 1583.

His half brother took over

Landed in NC island in 1585 by sir Walter Raleigh.


Failed colonial settlement of North Carolina

40

Virginia company

1606

Received a charter from king James 1 for a settlement in the new world.

This is a significant document because it granted oversea settlers the same rights of Englishmen if they stayed home

41

Jamestown

First permanent English settlement in North America founded by the Virginia company May 24, 1607

42

In 1619, house of burgesses, self government was made in...

Virginia

43

Virginia because a royal colony because

kKing James didn’t trust the house of burgesses so in 1624 he made Virginia a colony of England directly under his control

44

Mayflower compact

1620

Was an agreement to create a foundation for self government in the colony.

Had to be signed before boarding the mayflower compact

45

Massachusetts bay colony

1630s

Established by non-separating puritans.

It soon grew to be the largest and influential colony of the New England colonies

46

Great English Migration

1630-1642

Migration of 70k refugees From England to North America colonies. 20,000 came to Massachusetts wanted to establish a model Christian settlement in the New World. The rest went to the Caribbean for the warmth and fertile soil