Exam 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (23):
1

Alexander the Great

Hellinistic at began after his death

2

Apotropaic device

-protective device intended to turn away harm or evil influences, like dream catcher
-can also be used as good luck charm

3

aqueduct

constructed water supply systems

4

arch

used to erect arch structures such as bridges, aqueducts, and gates

5

axiality

-axis that runs from top to bottom of a space
-temple looks down along axis
-coherrent experience of culture, government, and power

6

cardo

city street that runs north-south

7

decumanus

city street that runs east-west

8

castrum

fort
-triumphal arch
-serves as a reminder to who is in power
-shows godlike status

9

contrapposto

"cocktail party" pose, natural standing pose
-human figure standing with most of its weight on one foot
-shoulders and arms twist off axis from hips and legs

10

Corinthian capital

has acanthus
-decorative plants entirely around top of view
-this solves the 360 degree problem
-still maintains iconic order
-temple has continuous frieze

11

engaged column

-a column embedded in a wall and partly projecting from the surface of the wall, sometimes defined as semi or three-quarter detached
-found in Maison Carree at Nimes

12

forum

place where market, government buildings, and temple reside
-economy, state, and religion all in one place

13

frontal dominance

-approaching temple from front
-grand, consistent facade
-one way into temple

14

Grid plan

-classes: artisans, farmers, soldiers
-right angle streets form insulae (or city blocks)

15

herm

apotropaic device
-stone post with male head on top of erected penis

16

Hippodamus of Miletus

-considered to be "father" of urban planning
-originator of the idea that a town plan might formally embody and clarify a rational social order.

17

insulae

-city blocks

18

lekythos

-used for anointing dead bodies of unmarried men and many lekythoi are found in tombs

19

satyr

one of a class of lustful, drunken woodland gods. In Greek art they were represented as a man with a horse's ears and tail, but in Roman representations as a man with a goat's ears, tail, legs, and horns.

20

stele

-stone or wooden slab, erected as a monument, used for funerary or commemorative purposes

21

totemic

-a belief in which each human is thought to have a spiritual connection or a kinship with another physical being, such as an animal or plant, often called a "spirit-being" or "totem." The totem is thought to interact with a given kin group or an individual and to serve as their emblem or symbol.

22

voussoir

-a wedge-shaped element, typically a stone, used in building an arch or vault

23

wet drapery

-a technique developed by Ancient Greek artist that allowed the clothing (drapes) to have a more fluid and flowing look. This "flow" helped to show movement and shape beneath the clothes donned by sculptures.