Exam 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (34):
1

adlocutio

raised arm pose -- addressing troops

2

Antinous

-Canopus commemorates the canal which Antinous drowned in
-use of arcades (arch formed on top of column) putting emphasis on sculptures underneath which are sculptures of Antinous are different Gods

3

arcade

-arch formed on top of column putting emphasis on sculptures underneath

4

barrel vault

-an architectural element formed by the extrusion of a single curve
-sloping barrel vaults used for stadium seating in Colosseum
-one of the best uses of barrel vault with mastery and manipulation in Roman architecture

5

basilica

a church building with a nave and aisles
-formed the layout of Christian churches that is still used today

6

buon fresco

-painting onto a layer of wet plaster called intonaco layer
-can only paint when layer is wet then paint dries with it

7

caldarium

steam room, used in a Roman bath complex

8

clerestory

windows that allow natural light to fill the space

9

continuous narrative

-story that focused on people and used Trajan as repeated character
-told in separate chapters/episodes

10

cuirass

piece of armor consisting of breastplate and backplate fastened together

11

eclecticism

artists borrowing from past works to create a new image

12

Edict of Milan

legalized practice of Chirsitanity

13

Flavians

-created new form of propaganda based on the the Claudians
-distant from audience
-blemishless skin
-visual excitement of contrasting textures
-hellinistic style

14

fresco a secco

paint directly to wall, flakes off when it begins to weather
-dry secco

15

frigidariaum

-cold water room

16

genre

images of stuff that happens in everyday life

17

gilt bronze

bronze material with gold
-statements of power/wealth from sparkling in sun

18

groin vault

produced by the intersection at right angles of two barrel vaults

19

hypocaustum

something

20

Julio-Claudians

-family of rulers that comes to an end with Nero
-idealized late classical style
-godlike perfection of human body
-tousled hair look
-no aging
-combo of idealized and actual apearance

21

largesse

-hand out and down gesture
-"I distribute awards to those who have served me"

22

multiple perspectives

multiple viewpoints
-no unified viewpoint
-more content/information
-propaganda

23

nave

big open central hallway in basilica

24

oculus

rigid circle at top of dome to lock stones in place
-used instead of keystone
-allows space to be flooded with light

25

patricians

a member of a well establish wealthy family

26

perspective

creating an illusion of depth on a single plane

27

pier

strong points in walls
-sparate points often found in barrel vaults

28

plebes (plebeian)

general body of free Roman citizens who were not patricians

29

tepidarium

warm water room

30

Tetrarchs

signify a new system of sharing power
-work of conceptual art, not concerned about the individual, temporal reality or external appearances
-concept of unity and stability

31

triumph

commemorated on Arch of Titus

32

urbis in rure

city in countryside with buildings necessary for government

33

veneer

a decorative covering of fine wood

34

verism

emphasizing age and experience (Vespasian)
-wrinkles, eyebrows, male patterned baldness