Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (49):
Rule in Senate allows any senator to hold the floor indefinitely and thereby delay a vote on a bill to which he objects. Ended only when sixty senators vote for closure.
Cloture or cloture vote
Senates only approved method for halting a filibuster or lifting legislative hold. 60 senators (three fifths)
Temporary collection of house and senate members that work out compromise for legislation that passed both chambers in different forms.
Reorganization for house districts, process that follows the results of a census taken every ten years. Redraw lines to ensure enough reps are selected.
Members of the permanent executive branch bureaucracy who are employed on the basis of competitive exams and keep their positions regardless of presidential administration.
Powers assumed by president often during crisis. On the constitutional phrase "the executive power shall be vested in the president"
Cannot be forced to divulge convos with advisors- needs secrecy
Powers the constitution explicitly grants to the president.
Military- commander in chief
Judicial- grant reprieves
Diplomatic- nego treaties
Executive- nominate a cabinet (take care clause)
Legislative- veto, set agenda of congress, necessary and expedient (recommend things to congress)
Powers that congress passes on to the president.
1821 budget and accounting act - requires pres to propose budget to congress
Division of labor - divide labor to group or individual
Fixed routines - well defined rules
Equal rules - for all
Technical qualifications - expertise more than pop vote
Pendleton civil service act
Law that shifted gov toward a merit based public service. (Exams for qualification)
A system which government jobs are given out as political favors.
Street level bureaucrats
Public officials who deal directly with the public.
The system of federal justices, organized into district courts and circuit courts who hears appeals from lower courts, culminating in the Supreme Court.
Cases that involve disputes between two parties.
Cases in which someone is charged with breaking the law.
System of law developed by judges in deciding cases over the centuries.
The court authority to strike down acts that violate the constitution and to interpret what the constitution means.
The second stage of federal courts which can review the trial record of cases decided in district court to ensure they were settled properly.
The first level of federal courts which actually try the cases. Each decision is based not on a statue but on previous judicial decisions.
Constitutional procedure by which a president can prevent enactment of legislation passed by congress.
Plessy vs Ferguson
Courts allowed segregation.
Judicial review helped remove this from law.
Marbury vs Madison
Permitted judicial review.
System to elect president. Ea state has group of electors equal to congressional delegation in house and senate and Es state votes for electors.
Independent executive agencies
have specific assignments
Social Security admin
President pro tempore
Majority party senator with the longest senate service.
Cozy triangle relationship in one issue area between interest group lobbyists, congressional staffers, and executive branch agencies.
Starts in one chamber
Sits on 90% of bills
Goes through process
Goes to other chamber
Committee to agree on changes
Sent to president
Sets a term limit for election and time of president.
President of the senate
Vice President. Tie breaking votes. Less power than speaker of the house.
Military- commander in chief
Judicial - grant reprieves
Diplomatic- begin treaties
Executive - nominate a cabinet
Legislative - veto, agenda of congress, necessary and expedient , recommend things to congress
Head of government
Presidential: Head of gov and head of state are one
James Barber Typology
Active or passive
Positive or negative
Active Positive is what we want
Legislative and executive power are separated
Head of gov head of state are unified
Legislative and executive are unified
Head of gov and head of state are separated.
Certain controversies go straight to Supreme Court. Article 3: "in all cases affecting ambassadors, Supreme Court shall have jurisdiction."
Members of congress are trusted to make right decisions
Follow the wishes of their constituents - puppet
Assumed people have unified voice.
Makes claim judicial branch will be least dangerous branch because no ability to enforce.
Pres has sword, congress has purse, courts have power to judge
Represent the people's will.
Constituency service - electoral gold
Legislation - risky
Allocation - bring home bacon, pork: bridge, research project, jobs
Supreme Court enforcement power
Ask executive branch nicely.
Party control of congress
188 demo 247 rep house
60% rule rep rule here senate
To create legislature and declare war. Congress power on increase since 19th century.
Give info and recommendations to congress. Responsible for vetoing and signing legislation written by congress.
Brown low committee said office not big enough - expand staff
FDR - fireside chats, entitlement programs
Party leader in a given party in senate.