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Flashcards in Final Deck (58):
1

Media bias

Liberal

2

Policy agenda

Issues the media covers, the public considers important, and the politicians address. Setting the agenda is the first step in political action.

3

Groupthink

Tendency among small group of decision makers to converge on a shared set of views; can limit creative thinking or solutions to policy problems

4

Gender gap

Women prefer democratic candidates

5

First mass media

Newspapers. Cost a penny.

6

Motor voter law

Passed in 1993, enables prospective voters to register when they receive their drivers license

7

Voter turnout

A measure of what proportion of eligible voters actually vast a legitimate ballot in a given election.
Ours is low as hell.

8

Paradox of voting

Cost of voting (informing yourself, travel, waiting in line) outweighs the apparent benefits.

9

Mandate

Political authority claimed by an election winner as reflecting the approval of the people.

10

Push poll

Form of negative campaigning that masquerades as a regular opinion survey. Usually conducted by a campaign or allied group; features strongly critical or unflattering information about an opponent.

11

Sampling frame

A designated group of people from whom a set of poll respondents is randomly selected.

Types of people they plan to poll

12

Random sample

Ea. Member has an equal chance of being selected.

13

New media

On demand access to info and entertainment through digital devices that feature interactive participation with content

14

Midterm election

National elections held between presidential elections involving all seats of the house of reps, one third of those in the senate, 36 governorships and other positions.

15

Incumbency advantage

People in office tend to stay in office.

16

Party id

Strong attachment to one party usually established by parents and friends.

17

New deal

Broad series of economic programs and reforms by FDR
Social security, unemployment

18

Partisanship

Quality of taking the side of a party or espousing a viewpoint that reflects a political party principles or position on an issue. Often decided by people who wish the parties would work together.

19

Party system

Broad organization of us politics comprising of two major parties, the coalition of supporters backing each, the positions they take on major issues and each party's electoral achievement.

20

Interest groups

A group who tries to influence gov

21

Pluralism

Open participatory style of gov in which many different interests are represented.

22

Lobbyist

A person who contacts government officials on behalf of a particular cause or issue.

23

Budget deficit

Amount we will be in the hole

24

Public policy

Policy related to things the public is concerned with.

25

Isolationism

Belief that a nation should not interfere in other nations affairs.

26

Soft power

Influence a nation exerts by attracting others through culture and commerce, a contrast to persuasion through force of arms or money.

27

Single member district

Minorities have a chance to get a representative.

28

Sample error

Error gets bigger with less sample size but only so good up to a certain point.

29

Critical election

Election where there are dramatic shifts.

30

17th amendment

Two senators from each state, six year term, ea. 1 vote.

31

19th amendment

Right to vote regardless of sex

32

Education & economic influences

More education more liberal
More income more conservative

More matters more generally

33

Differences and similarities of political parties and interest groups

Both advocate for issues

One wants to control the other wants to influence.

Interest group aren't trying to elect its members.

34

Negative incentives

Ostracizing, remind those things you get for free.

35

Elite centered model of political parties.

Parties serve a function. Elites want then. Useful for people running to get elected. Helps citizens get involved.

36

Federalist paper 10

Factions are "a number of citizens who are united and actuated by some common impulse of passion." --Madison
Concern if one group has advantage in gov they will wield significant influence.
Eliminate or control?
Control.

37

Moral incentive

Pull heart strings to get work done.

38

Positive incentive

Benefits for support

Joining aarp gets discounts.

39

Progressive reforms

New deal, social security, welfare, unemployment.

40

Functional party model

More realistic
Have elections
Should have different positions on policies
Converge in center
Run on differences

41

Responsible party model

Normative model
Social norms, how they should act
Clear policy choices
Deliver on these choices and be held responsible

42

Broadcast and cable tv

Those who pay get different information
Undermines regulation

43

Liberal

Favor gov involvement in economy
Oppose gov in social issues

44

Libertarian

Oppose gov in social issues and economic ones

Collective security -- a little

45

Conservative

Oppose gov economic involvement
Support gov social involvement

46

Medicare and Medicaid

Medicare - contributory, everyone gets
Medicaid - non contributory, help for needy

47

Contributory programs

Everyone gets
Medicare and social security

48

Non contributory programs

means-tested (based on wealth)
AFDC -- replaced by TANF -- aids to families with dependent children.
Food stamps
Medicaid

49

Populist

Classical liberalism

Genuine constitutional government

50

Realignment of 1860

Slavery.

Dems and Whigs. Isolate slavery. Whigs in contention with each other. Reps emerge.

51

Realignment of 1896

No new party

Industrial revolution. East west divide. West is unhappy railroads cost too much to ship goods.
Advocate for elimination of gold standard. Grover Cleveland (Dem) says no. Populace movement, reps win office, strengthens rep party.

52

Realignment of 1932

Great Depression. FDR if states won't act the Feds will. Fundamental shift in our relationship with the Feds and president. Elected 4 times. Strengthens dems.

53

Food stamps

Changed to SNAP - supplemental nutritionist assistance program

Non contributory

54

History of social security

Exclude large sectors of society

No women - secretary jobs excluded
No Africans - no agricultural jobs

Getting married, having children gets, perpetuated stereo type

55

Modern welfare state

Not a lot of assistance if you are able bodied

Small size

Small coverage

Focus on specific groups

More business friendly

56

Great society programs

Lyndon B Johnson

Medicaid, Medicare, welfare, food stamps

57

Foreign policy president

Receive ambassadors
International agreements
Treaties - senate approval - 1500
Agreements - 12000, no cong approval, temp
Appointments
Appoints key members of national security
Use of military force
Cic. Repel invasion
Negative powers, to seize war
Act of 1983 - 60 days to notify congress, with extra 30 or withdraw troops

58

Foreign policy congress

International agreements
Approve treaties
Appointments
Approval
Use of military force
Declare war
Power of the purse