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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (67)
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1

Ragtime

-Identifies a body of piano music
-Composed by scott joplin and others
-First ragtime pieces were published in the 1890’s

2

Ragging

A way of modifying pre-existing material so that it sounds like rag time

3

Europeans first heard ragtime rhythms in who's arrangements

Sousa's

4

One of the first ragtime dances was the

Turkey trot

5

Many people found ragtime’s mix of black and white influence as

unacceptable

6

What were formed in the 1900’s

African American musician unions

7

Ragtime represented the first documented instance of African Americans interpreting

European sheet music

8

Scott Joplin

-Maple leaf Rag, first commercially successful piano rag
-Received formal music training in European tradition
-Devoted most of his effort to legitimizing ragtime
-He viewed himself as a serious composer
-“Not too fast”

9

Player piano

A type of piano that plays music without the need for a person to depress the normal keys or pedals

10

Reproducing piano

-Type of player piano
-The rolls were made from the recorded performances of famous musicians

11

Pianola

These rolls were not recorded in a piano

12

Related to ragtime

- Cakewalk-precursor of the piano rag
- Ragtime song-any song with a touch of syncopation was labeled a ragtime song
- Ragtime dance music-faster tempo, multi sectional form, less syncopated

13

Blues

- Around the turn of the century blues was both a rural folk music and music for stage entertainment
- It was often performed by an individual
Shortly after 1900 blues became a commercial music

14

The term blues has three meanings

1. Can describe a feeling
2. Can refer to a style
3. It can indicate a form

15

Country Blues

Was sung throughout the rural south

16

Characteristics of Country Blues

- Rougher vocal timbre
- Acoustic guitar accompaniment
- Irregular form

17

Robert Johnson

- Great country blues performer
- “Hell hound on my trail”

18

Commercial blues

Introduced through race records

19

Race Records

Recordings of artist of a certain race for resale to same race

20

Bessie Smith

- the most important of the women blues singer at the first part of the first century, she sang “St. Louis Blues”
- St. Louis Blues, most frequently recorded song of the first half of the 20th century

21

Blues notes

Bending of a pitch

22

After WW2 what instrument injected new vitality into the Blues

electric guitar

23

B.B. King

- Acknowledged master of contemporary blues
- His guitar was named “Lucille”

24

Characteristics of Blues

- Standard blues form is 12 measures long
- 3 four measure phrases
- Primary chords I(1) chord, IV(4) chord, V(5) chord
- Rhymed Couplet← lyrics, with a rhymed couplet the first two lines will be nearly identical, the third line will be different
- Call and response
- Full rhythm section, bass, drums, keyboard, guitar

25

1877
Thomas Edison produced what

the first working phonograph able to store and playback sound, used cylinders

26

1888
Berliner invented what

the gramophone, which used a disc

27

1894
Marconi invented what

the spark transmitter with antenna (radio)

28

1906
The victrola becomes what

the best selling record player of its time

29

1921
Sales of records begin what

decline as direct result of radio

30

In the 1920’s pop music was available to who

anyone who had access to radio