Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (162)
When does the brain grow in frontal areas?
From age 3-6
What weight percent is the brain at age 6?
95% the adult weight
When does the brain have another brain spurt after the age of 6?
What are the characteristics of the right brain?
Art and Music
What are the characteristics of the left brain?
Science and Math
When does brain lateralization begin to take place?
During the preschool years, preference for left/right is noticeable by age 3
Who researched on cognitive growth?
What did Piaget determine about cognitive growth?
Conservation, centration, egocentrism
What thought process was observed in cognitive growth?
What are the types of information processing that occur over growth?
Short term memory
Long term memory
What is sensory memory?
Memory that is brief, a second or less
What is Short-term memory?
Memory that is chunked, can remember 7+/-2
What is Long-term memory?
Memory that may be infinite
How does memory storage change?
The biggest change is speed, and the ability to hold more in short-term memory
What is a child's memory at age 2-5?
Can encode and retrieve memories; remember without real understanding (nursery rhymes, phone numbers)
How does the memory strategy Recall change over time?
Age 4: 2-4 items
Age 8: 7-9 items out of 12
What memory strategy do young children not use?
and strategies get more complex over time (organization and elaboration)
What type of memory strategies do preschool children have?
What is narrative memory?
Memory with language
What is generic memory?
A script that produces a routine of a familiar, repeated event
What is episodic memory?
A specific memory in time and place. Must be repeated or novel to remember
What percent of children were toilet trained in 1957?
What percent of children at 18 months were toilet trained in 1999?
25% trained at 18 months
What percent of children at 3 years were toilet trained in 1999?
How does a child feel if toilet training takes a long time?
More delay means more feelings of inadequacy and more likelihood the child will be made fun of
How does a child feel if toilet training occurs too early?
The child feels pressured and develops anxiety
When is a child physically ready for toilet training?
The bladder is not ready for control until at least 18 months
When is a child intellectually ready for toilet training?
The child must be able to understand direction
When is a child emotionally ready for toilet training?
The child must be able to handle accidents, know how to undress, get to the bathroom on time