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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (162)
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1

When does the brain grow in frontal areas?

From age 3-6

2

What weight percent is the brain at age 6?

95% the adult weight

3

When does the brain have another brain spurt after the age of 6?

Ages 17-20

4

What are the characteristics of the right brain?

Holistic thought
Intuition
Creativity
Art and Music

5

What are the characteristics of the left brain?

Analytic thought
Logic
Language
Science and Math

6

When does brain lateralization begin to take place?

During the preschool years, preference for left/right is noticeable by age 3

7

Who researched on cognitive growth?

Piaget

8

What did Piaget determine about cognitive growth?

Conservation, centration, egocentrism

9

What thought process was observed in cognitive growth?

Symbolic thought

10

What are the types of information processing that occur over growth?

Sensory memory
Short term memory
Long term memory

11

What is sensory memory?

Memory that is brief, a second or less

12

What is Short-term memory?

Memory that is chunked, can remember 7+/-2

13

What is Long-term memory?

Memory that may be infinite

14

How does memory storage change?

The biggest change is speed, and the ability to hold more in short-term memory

15

What is a child's memory at age 2-5?

Can encode and retrieve memories; remember without real understanding (nursery rhymes, phone numbers)

16

How does the memory strategy Recall change over time?

Age 4: 2-4 items
Age 8: 7-9 items out of 12

17

What memory strategy do young children not use?

Rehearsal
and strategies get more complex over time (organization and elaboration)

18

What type of memory strategies do preschool children have?

Narrative memory
Generic memory
Episodic memory

19

What is narrative memory?

Memory with language

20

What is generic memory?

A script that produces a routine of a familiar, repeated event

21

What is episodic memory?

A specific memory in time and place. Must be repeated or novel to remember

22

What percent of children were toilet trained in 1957?

92%

23

What percent of children at 18 months were toilet trained in 1999?

25% trained at 18 months

24

What percent of children at 3 years were toilet trained in 1999?

Only 60%

25

How does a child feel if toilet training takes a long time?

More delay means more feelings of inadequacy and more likelihood the child will be made fun of

26

How does a child feel if toilet training occurs too early?

The child feels pressured and develops anxiety

27

When is a child physically ready for toilet training?

The bladder is not ready for control until at least 18 months

28

When is a child intellectually ready for toilet training?

The child must be able to understand direction

29

When is a child emotionally ready for toilet training?

The child must be able to handle accidents, know how to undress, get to the bathroom on time

30

What is the best way to toilet train a child?

Usually rewards and praise works best; have child sit on the seat at multiple intervals. Punishment doesn't work well