EXAM 3 Flashcards Preview

KINE 1305 Community Health > EXAM 3 > Flashcards

Flashcards in EXAM 3 Deck (120):
1

The "old old" are those older adults ages 75 and older.
True or False

False

2

The majority of older people today are active and well.
True or False

True

3

The United States is the only industrialized nation experience growth in the older population.
True or False

False

4

More elder men are married than elder women.
True or False

True

5

In the United States, the number of divorced elders is continuing to rise.
True or False

True

6

Elder men are more likely to be living alone than elder women.
True or False

False

7

The actual number of chronic conditions increases with age.
True or False

True

8

Sensory impairments, physical limitations, and memory impairments are the primary impairments affecting elders.
True or False

True

9

Once someone is an elder, it is too late to gain benefit from changing health behaviors.
True or False

False

10

The aging process can alter instrumental needs in unpredictable ways.
True or False

True

11

Green Houses are a form of group living that limit the number of residents and offer a home rather than a facility.
True or False

True

12

Handling personal finances and preparing meals are examples of activities of daily living (ADLs).
True or False

False

13

Federal legislation enacted to improve the lives of elders was the Older Americans Act of 1985.
True or False

False

14

Compared to other age groups, elders are the heaviest users of health care services.
True or False

True

15

Adult day care programs are required to provide health care services.
True or False

False

16

In the United States, people are considered older adults when they reach the age of
A. 55
B. 60
C. 65
D. 70

65

17

Factors that affect population size and age include
A. fertility rates
B. mortality rates
C. migration
D. all of the above

All of the above - fertility rates, mortality rates, migration.

18

A comparison between those individuals whom society considers economically unproductive and those considered economically productive is the
A. mortality ratio
B. dependency ratio
C. labor force ratio
D. old age dependency ratio

Dependency ratio

19

The largest percentage of elder income comes from
A. Social Security
B. pensions
C. earnings
D. trusts

Social security

20

In terms of housing, the largest majority of elders
A. are homeowners
B. are renters
C. live in assisted living
D. live in nursing homes

Are homeowners

21

The leading causes of death for elders are
A. heart disease, diabetes, cancer, stroke
B. heart disease, cancer, stroke, and CLRD
C. heart disease, Alzheimer’s disease, kidney disease, stroke
D. heart disease, cancer, CLRD, diabetes

Heart disease, cancer, stroke, and CLRD

22

Important vaccinations for elders include
A. HPV and influenza
B. pneumonia and HPV
C. smallpox and influenza
D. pneumonia and influenza

Pneumonia and influenza

23

Elder abuse and neglect are special problems for elders because they are
A. frail
B. easily able to defend themselves
C. keen to telemarketing scams
D. unlikely victims of theft

Frail

24

Planned communities for seniors that guarantee a lifelong residence and health care are
A. Green Houses
B. Eden Alternative facilities
C. continuous care retirement communities
D. assisted living

Continuous care retirement communities

25

Housekeeping, transportation, and assistance with business affairs are examples of
A. instrumental tasks
B. expressive tasks
C. cognitive tasks
D. tasks of daily living

Instrumental tasks

26

Eating, bathing, and toileting are examples of
A. instrumental tasks
B. expressive tasks
C. cognitive tasks
D. tasks of daily living

Tasks of daily living

27

One who helps identify the health care needs of an individual and also personally performs caregiving services is a
A. care provider
B. care manager
C. functional provider
D. none of the above

Care provider

28

A person unable to leave home for normal activities is considered
A. disabled
B. homebound
C. frail
D. retired

Homebound

29

Planned short-term care, usually for the purpose of relieving a full-time informal caregiver is
A. home health care
B. assisted living
C. respite care
D. senior centers

Respite care

30

Walking, getting in and out of a bed and chair, and dressing are examples of
A. activities of daily living
B. instrumental activities of daily living
C. expressive tasks
D. functional tasks

Activities of daily living

31

Today, the majority of Americans are referred to as white, non-Hispanic.
True or False

True

32

Infant mortality data within the United States are characterized by a long-standing and serious disparity among racial and ethnic minorities.
True or False

True

33

Asian Americans have an infant mortality rate that is more than two times that of white American infants.
True or False

False

34

Women who receive early and continuous prenatal health care have better pregnancy outcomes than women who do not.
True or False

True

35

A social power-base is not needed to gain political power.
True or False

False

36

The Race and Health Initiative was launched under President Bush.
True or False

False

37

The reporting of more than one race for multiracial persons was strongly encouraged in the 2010 Census.
True or False

True

38

Hispanic origin is a racial classification.
True or False

False

39

All Americans of Hispanic origin are also classified by race.
True or False

True

40

More than 70% of black Americans live in the southern regions of the United States.
True or False

False

41

The median income for black Americans has consistently ranked lower than all racial and ethnic groups in the US.
True or False

True

42

For all racial groups, poverty rates are highest for black Americans.
True or False

False

43

Many cultural traits of black Americans can be traced to the period when slavery was practiced in the United States.
True or False

True

44

Asian Americans are more likely than white Americans to have earned a college degree.
True or False

True

45

Indian Health Services is organized into four regions throughout the United States.
True or False

False

46

People of Hawaii, Guam, and Samoa are referred to as
A. Asian Americans
B. Pacific Islanders
C. White Americans
D. American Indians

Pacific Islanders

47

Indian Health Services is an agency within
A. the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
B. the American Red Cross
C. the Department of Health and Human Services
D. none of the above

Department of Health of Human Services

48

People who flee one area or country to seek shelter or protection from danger in another are referred to as
A. refugees
B. immigrants
C. aliens
D. illegal aliens

Refugees

49

Individuals who migrate from one country to another for the purpose of seeking permanent residence are referred to as
A. refugees
B. immigrants
C. aliens
D. illegal aliens

Immigrants

50

People born in and owing allegiance to a country other than the one in which they live are referred to as
A. refugees
B. immigrants
C. aliens
D. illegal aliens

Aliens

51

The factor considered to be the most influential single contributor to premature morbidity and mortality by many public health researchers is
A. education
B. socioeconomic status
C. legal factors
D. behavioral factors

Socioeconomic status

52

The three kinds of power associated with empowerment are
A. social, political, and psychological
B. social, political, and economic
C. social, psychological, and economic
D. political, psychological, and economic

social, political, and psychological

53

Increased political power can lead to
A. social power
B. psychological power
C. community organizing
D. none of the above

psychological power

54

What occurs when two separate data reporting systems are used to obtain rates by race and Hispanic origin?
A. empowerment
B. operationalization
C. bias analysis
D. none of the above

bias analysis

55

The largest minority group in the United States is
A. black Americans
B. Americans of Hispanic origin
C. Asian Americans
D. American Indians

Americans of Hispanic origin

56

Nearly all Hispanics are classified as
A. white Americans
B. black Americans
C. Cuban Americans
D. none of the above

white Americans

57

The minority group with the lowest high school completion rates is
A. black Americans
B. Asian Americans
C. Hispanics
D. white Americans

Hispanics

58

Asian Americans are generally concentrated in the
A. western states
B. southeastern states
C. midwest
D. Canadian border states

western states

59

High school completion rates in the United States are highest for
A. white Americans
B. American Indians
C. black Americans
D. Asian Americans

Asian Americans

60

The concept of balance related to health and imbalance related to disease is a belief of
A. American Indians
B. black Americans
C. Asian Americans
D. Hispanics

Asian Americans

61

Mental illness is the second leading cause of disability in the United States.
True or False

False

62

Only about one-third of those diagnosed with a mental disorder receive treatment.
True or False

True

63

The fight or flight reaction can be maintained for a significant length of time by the body.
True or False

False

64

Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been banned from use in the United States.
True or False

False

65

The number of resident patients in state and county mental hospitals has declined significantly since the 1950s.
True or False

True

66

A drug that subdues a mental patient’s behavior is referred to as tardive dyskinesia.
True or False

False

67

Community mental health centers are not eligible for Medicare reimbursement.
True or False

False

68

In the United States, over two million adults experience homelessness over the course of a year.
True or False

True

69

About half of all adults who are homeless have substance use disorders.
True or False

True

70

Until recently, the federal government’s leadership in community mental health has been substantial.
True or False

False

71

More than half of all prison and jail inmates have mental health problems.
True or False

True

72

The term created by the managed care industry that applies to mental health and substance abuse care is behavioral health care services.
True or False

True

73

Mental disorders are health conditions that are characterized by alteration in thinking, mood, or behavior associated with distress and/or impaired functioning.
True or False

True

74

Chronic nutritional deficiency is a possible cause of mental disorders in some.
True or False

True

75

Military service in a combat zone decreases one’s risk of experiencing PTSD.
True or False

False

76

People with good mental health are able to
A. function under adversity
B. adapt to changes around them
C. curb hate and guilt
D. all of the above

All of the above - function under adversity, adapt to changes around them, and curb hate and guilt.

77

The most influential book in mental health is
A. the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition
B. Healthy People 2020
C. Mental Health: A Report of the Surgeon General
D. Achieving the Promise: Transforming Mental Health Care in America

The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition

78

An affective disorder characterized by a dysphoric mood, usually depression, or loss of interest or pleasure in almost all usual activities or pastimes is
A. bipolar disorder
B. major depression
C. mental retardation
D. schizophrenia

Major depression

79

An affective disorder characterized by distinct periods of elevated mood alternating with periods of depression is
A. bipolar disorder
B. major depression
C. mental retardation
D. schizophrenia

Bipolar disorder

80

Diseases that result from chronic exposure to excess levels of stressors, which produce a General Adaptation Syndrome response are
A. mental disorders
B. brain diseases
C. diseases of adaptation
D. none of the above

diseases of adaptation

81

Psychophysiological disorders associated with stress include
A. depression
B. hypertension
C. skin disorders
D. all of the above

All of the above - depression, hypertension, and skin disorders.

82

The widespread use of lobotomies became unnecessary because of
A. electroconvulsive therapy
B. antipsychotic and antidepressive drugs
C. self-help groups
D. the moral treatment era

antipsychotic and antidepressive drugs

83

Deinstitutionalization from state mental hospitals began in the
A. 1920s
B. 1950s
C. 1980s
D. 1990s

1950s

84

The main force that expedited deinstitutionalization was
A. antipsychotic drugs
B. ECT
C. lobotomies
D. tardive dyskinesia

antipsychotic drugs

85

The main group of patients transinstitutionalized have been
A. older adults
B. children
C. young adults
D. minorities

older adults

86

The task of providing primary prevention services for mental health falls mainly on
A. government agencies
B. hospitals
C. private voluntary agencies
D. psychotherapists

private voluntary agencies

87

Treatment of mental disorders through verbal communication is
A. psychopharmacology
B. psychotherapy
C. psychiatric rehabilitation
D. managed care

psychotherapy

88

Treatment that involves intensive, individualized services over an indefinite period of time is
A. psychopharmacology
B. psychotherapy
C. psychiatric rehabilitation
D. managed care

psychiatric rehabilitation

89

The concept of equality in health care coverage for people with mental illness and those with other medical illnesses or injuries is
A. managed care
B. parity
C. evidence-based practices
D. cognitive-behavioral therapy

parity

90

The New Freedom Commission on Mental Health was created under
A. President Reagan
B. President Clinton
C. President Bush
D. President Obama

President Bush

91

The abuse of alcohol, tobacco, and other drugs are considered the nation’s number one community health problem.
True or False

True

92

Physical dependence on drugs means that discontinued use will result in clinical illness.
True or False

True

93

The inappropriate use of legally purchased drugs is drug abuse.
True or False

True

94

Binge drinking for men is considered three or more drinks in a row.
True or False

False

95

Nicotine is a psychoactive and addictive drug.
True or False

True

96

The DEA is the agency charged with ensuring the safety and efficacy of all prescription and nonprescription drugs.
True or False

False

97

Drug abuse education is focused on limiting the supply of drugs.
True or False

False

98

The goals of drug abuse education and treatment are the same: to reduce the demand for drugs.
True or False

True

99

Personal factors that influence the use and abuse of alcohol and other drugs are things such as personality traits and personal response to stress.
True or False

True

100

Perceived and actual drug use by peers has little to no influence on attitudes and choices of adolescents.
True or False

False

101

Binge drinking for females is four or more drinks in a row.
True or False

True

102

President Reagan signed a bill that made 0.08% BAC the national standard.
True or False

False

103

Alcohol has been found to increase one’s risk for various types of unintentional injuries including drowning, falls, and fires.
True or False

True

104

Illicit drugs cannot be cultivated, manufactured, bought, sold, or used within the confines of the law.
True or False

True

105

Amphetamines are hallucinogens.
True or False

False

106

Use of a drug when it is detrimental to one’s health or well-being is drug
A. abuse
B. misuse
C. dependence
D. service

abuse

107

The most abused illicit drug in the United States is
A. alcohol
B. tobacco
C. marijuana
D. cocaine

marijuana

108

Drugs that reduce pain and numb the senses are
A. depressants
B. hallucinogens
C. stimulants
D. narcotics

narcotics

109

Cocaine is a
A. depressant
B. hallucinogen
C. stimulant
D. narcotic

stimulant

110

Synesthesia is a mixing of
A. the senses
B. stimulants
C. motor skills
D. none of the above

the senses

111

An illicit drug produced in dangerous clandestine labs across the country is
A. LSD
B. crack cocaine
C. methamphetamines
D. Rohypnol

methamphetamines

112

Drugs that are often used because they lower anxiety and inhibitions are
A. depressants
B. hallucinogens
C. stimulants
D. narcotics

depressants

113

The most popular of the club drugs is
A. Rohypnol
B. PCP
C. ecstasy
D. heroin

ecstasy

114

The drugs that are often the choice for the young due to low cost and easy availability are
A. stimulants
B. inhalants
C. designer drugs
D. narcotics

inhalants

115

The drug known as the “date-rape” drug is
A. Rohypnol
B. cocaine
C. ecstasy
D. heroin

Rohypnol

116

The largest institution in the world devoted to drug abuse research is the
A. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
B. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)
C. Office of National Drug Control Policy (ONDCP)
D. Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives (ATF)

National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)

117

The DARE program is implemented in
A. hospitals
B. health departments
C. jails
D. classrooms

classrooms

118

MADD, AA, and SADD are examples of
A. workplace-based drug education programs
B. voluntary health organizations
C. state education programs
D. none of the above

voluntary health organizations

119

The smallest amount of the federal drug control budget is spent on
A. law enforcement
B. treatment
C. prevention
D. international support

prevention

120

Tertiary prevention programs for drug abuse treatment are usually designed for
A. adults
B. children
C. teenagers
D. the elderly

adults