Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (44):
Small groups of friends who share intimate knowledge and confidences .
Loosely organized groups who share interests and activities.
Controversial Status Youth
Aggressive kids who are either highly liked or intensely disliked by their peers and who are the ones most likely to become engaged in antisocial behavior.
Group of youths who collectively engage in delinquent behaviors.
An area of the city that forms when there is a crack in social fabric and in which deviant groups, cliques and gangs form.
Subgroups of same-aged youths in Latino gangs that remain together and have separate names and a unique identity in the gang.
Inscriptions or drawings made on a wall or structure and used by delinquents for gang messages and turf definition.
Tossing or flashing gang signs in the presence of rivals, often escalating into verbal or physical confrontation.
clusters of youth who outwardly seem unified, but actually have limited cohesion, impermanance, minimal consensus of norms, shifting membership, disturbed leadership, and limited definitions of membership expectations.
A spanish word meaning "district"
Mara Salvatrucha (MS-13)
A violent, international gang begun in southern Cali by immigrants from El Salvador. Engages in such crimes as burglaries, narcotic sales, weapon smuggling, murder, rape, and witness intimidation.
Member of a European American supremacist gang, identified by a shaved skull and Nazi or KKK markings.
Stealing or assaulting someone to gain prestige in the neighborhood; often part of gang initiation rites.
Detached Street Workers
Social workers who went out into the community and established close relationships with juvenile gangs with the goal of modifying gang behavior to conform conventional behaviors and helping gang members get jobs and educational opportunities.
Being successful in a school environment
To leave school before completing the required program of education.
Schools in which the graduation rate is 40% or less.
Those who fail to meet expected levels of school achievement
Dividing students into groups according to their ability and achievement levels.
Repeated, negative acts committed by one or more children against another, which may be physical or verbal.
Pressure to conform to gender expectations
Zero Tolerance Policy
Mandating specific consequences or punishments for delinquent behavior and not allowing anyone to avoid these consequences.
A form of expression protected by the 1st Amendment, but not associated with actually speaking words; examples include wearing symbols or protest messages on buttons or signs.
Expressing opinions by speaking or writing; freedom of speech is protected by the 1st Amendment.
Using drugs or alcohol in such a way as to cause physical harm to oneself.
The dried leaves of cannabis plant
A concentrated form of cannabis made from unadulterated resin from the female cannabis plant.
A powerful natural stimulant derived from the coca plant.
A highly addictive form of cocaine containing remnants of hydrochloride and sodium bicarbonate; it makes a crackling sound when smoked.
A narcotic made from opium and then cut with sugar or some other neutral substance until it is only 1 to 4% pure.
A person with overpowering physical or psychological need to continue taking a particular substance or drug.
Fermented or distilled liquids containing ethanol, an intoxicating substance.
Nervous system depressants.
Volatile liquids that give off a vapor, which is inhaled, producing short-term excitement and euphoria followed by a period of disoreintation.
Drugs of the barbiturate family that depress the central nervous system into sleeplike condition.
Drugs that reduce anxiety and promote relaxation.
Natural or synthetic substances that produce vivid distortions of the senses without greatly disturbing consciousness.
Synthetic substances that produce an intense physical reaction by stimulating the central nervous system.
Drugs used by athletes and bodybuilders to gain muscle bulk and strength.
Lab-made drugs designed to avoid existing drug laws.
Addiction Prone Personality
The view that the cause of substance abuse can be traced to a personality that has a compulsion for mood-altering drugs.
Addresses a variety of family, peer, and psychological problems by focusing on problem-solving and communication skills training.
Efforts to minimize the harmful effects caused by drug use.