Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (167)
What are the four genes implicated in the pathogenesis of colon cancer? In order?
Cancers caused by Lynch Syndrome?
What enzyme does stool Guiac measure?
How often should a colonoscopy be done?
How often should a flexible sigmoidoscopy be done? With?
FOBT every 3 years
How often should a high sensitivity FOBT be performed?
When should a patient with Crohns or UC have a coloscopy be done? Repeat how often?
8-10 years from their diagnosis
every 1-2 years
When should a colonoscopy for Lynch Syndrome be performed?
When should a colonoscopy for FAP Syndrome begin?
Which nodes would rectal cancer spread to?
How many nodes should be examined for staging?
How long should the margins be during resection?
5 cm both sides
What does Tis mean?
What does T1 mean?
muscularis mucosa in to submucosa
What does T2 mean?
invades muscularis propria
What does T3 mean?
invades pericolorectal tissues
What does T4a mean?
What does T4b mean?
invades adjacent organs
What is the most common mutated oncogene in panceatic cancer?
What are the two chemicals associated with pancreatic cancer?
How do tumors of the pancreatic head present?
jaundice and weight loss
How do pancreatic tumors of the body and tail present?
What is the diagnostic modality of choice for pancreatic cancer?
Spiral CT with contrast
What type of pancreatic tumors are found with ERCP?
What is the marker for pancreatic cancer?
Will a pancreatic cancer in the head or the tail present earlier? What type of pancreatic cancer presents in the head?
Where does pancreatic cancer metastisize?
liver and peritoneum
Though modest, what drug has been shown to prolong life in pancreatic cancer?
What drug works better than gemcitabine for pancreatic cancer?