Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (60)
lifelong (post-natally) social experience that develops human potential and learning culture
(dr. k) best way to understand the relationship between nature and nurture
nature - genetic potential, innate, dna-based
nurture - teaching/learning, non dna-based
why is social experience important to socialization?
To learn culture, survive, and form personality
Three types of social environments--severely deprived, normal, and enriched--have different effects on genotypes. What can we reasonably infer about the effects of these environments for humans?
What do we learn from the Harlow studies of social isolation of rhesus monkeys?
What do we learn from the study of social isolation of human children?
Why according to Dr. K are findings on social isolation of humans children difficult to interpret?
What are the major theories of human socialization?
Elements of personality, cognitive development, moral development, gender and moral development, social self, and 8 stages of development
What are the major concepts of each theory of socialization?
What are the potential limitations of each theory?
Can you clearly describe each stage in those theories that propose multiple stages in development?
What is meant by an ‘agent of socialization’?
Social experiences that affect us in small ways
What are the major agents of socialization?
Family, school, peer group, mass media,
What is the order in which these major agents of socialization typically influence development?
social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common
learning that helps a person achieve a desired position
means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience
What is Dr. K’s friendly amendment to Macionis’ description of mass media?
What is meant by ‘socialization across the life course’?
Continuity of learning throughout lives in stages
Study of aging and elderly
What are Kubler-Ross’s five major stages for grieving a major loss?
denial, anger, bargain, depression, acceptance
category of people with something in common (age)
Why is the understanding of the concept ‘cohort’ important to understanding variation in the life course?
Members of a particular age group are generally influenced by same economic and cultural trends
radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment
setting in which people are isolated and manipulated by administrative staff
What are three major traits of a total institution?
Constant supervision, controlled and standardized life, and formal rules
What are the two primary stages in resocialization in a total institution?
Breaking down and building back up
Process by which people act and react in relation to others
Any relatively stable pattern of behavior