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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (60)
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1

socialization

lifelong (post-natally) social experience that develops human potential and learning culture

2

(dr. k) best way to understand the relationship between nature and nurture

nature - genetic potential, innate, dna-based
nurture - teaching/learning, non dna-based

3

why is social experience important to socialization?

To learn culture, survive, and form personality

4

Three types of social environments--severely deprived, normal, and enriched--have different effects on genotypes. What can we reasonably infer about the effects of these environments for humans?

n

5

What do we learn from the Harlow studies of social isolation of rhesus monkeys?

n

6

What do we learn from the study of social isolation of human children?

n

7

Why according to Dr. K are findings on social isolation of humans children difficult to interpret?

n

8

What are the major theories of human socialization?

Elements of personality, cognitive development, moral development, gender and moral development, social self, and 8 stages of development

9

What are the major concepts of each theory of socialization?

n

10

What are the potential limitations of each theory?

n

11

Can you clearly describe each stage in those theories that propose multiple stages in development?

N

12

What is meant by an ‘agent of socialization’?

Social experiences that affect us in small ways

13

What are the major agents of socialization?

Family, school, peer group, mass media,

14

What is the order in which these major agents of socialization typically influence development?

n

15

peer group

social group whose members have interests, social position, and age in common

16

anticipatory socialization

learning that helps a person achieve a desired position

17

mass media

means for delivering impersonal communications to a vast audience

18

What is Dr. K’s friendly amendment to Macionis’ description of mass media?

n

19

What is meant by ‘socialization across the life course’?

Continuity of learning throughout lives in stages

20

gerontology

Study of aging and elderly

21

What are Kubler-Ross’s five major stages for grieving a major loss?

denial, anger, bargain, depression, acceptance

22

cohort

category of people with something in common (age)

23

Why is the understanding of the concept ‘cohort’ important to understanding variation in the life course?

Members of a particular age group are generally influenced by same economic and cultural trends

24

resocialization

radically changing an inmate's personality by carefully controlling the environment

25

total institution

setting in which people are isolated and manipulated by administrative staff

26

What are three major traits of a total institution?

Constant supervision, controlled and standardized life, and formal rules

27

What are the two primary stages in resocialization in a total institution?

Breaking down and building back up

28

social interaction

Process by which people act and react in relation to others

29

social structure

Any relatively stable pattern of behavior

30

What are the major characteristics of a social structure?

Status and role