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Flashcards in Exam 3 Deck (38)
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1

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

St. Peter's by Carlo Maderno. 1612. Marble. 

1. Counter-Reformation urged Baroque popes to complete St. Peters 

2. Facade seen as an expansion of the incomplete structure

3. Outer bell towers restricted Maderno's sought after vertical stretching

2

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

St. Peter's Piazza by Gianlorenzo Bernini. 1633. Stone/Rock/Brick.

1. Incorporated an obelisk and a fountain 

2. Two long colonnades created an oval that joined joined Malderno's facade and warmly embraces visitors

3. Colonnades symbolized the warm welcome the Roman Catholic Church gave its members during the Counter-Reformation

3

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Baldacchino by Bernini. 1624-33. Bronze.

1. Canopy-like structure serves as functional and symbolic: marks the high altar and tomb of Saint Peter

2. Drama shown at the highly positioned cross with light shining down upon it

3. Columns create a visual frame representing the throne of Saint Peter 

4. Primacy of Romach Catholic Church is reinforced by the columns and vines that are similar and in the same positioning of those at Old St. Peter's

4

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

David by Bernini. 1623. Marble. 

1. Expansive and theatrical motion - pulling back to sling a bag full of rocks

2. Recreated the battle against Goliath rather than showing David before or after as his predecessors did

3. Violent emotion portrayed through the facial expressions

5

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Ecstasy of St. Theresa by Bernini. 1645-52. Marble. 

1. Different textures shown in the same marble (clouds, rough clothes of nun, gauzy material, smooth flesh, feathery wings)

2. Passionate drama depicts Saint Teresa which coorelated to Counter-Reformation goals as Saint Ignatius believed re-creation of spiritual experiences in artwork increase devotion and piety (religion)

3. Family watches the drama unfold from the balcony seats above

4. A hidden window sheds light suggesting the radiance of Heaven

6

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

San Carlo alle Quattro by Francesco Borromini. 1665-76. Stone. 

1. Two facades join fluidly at the corner of the road

2. Rather than a round dome, Borromini opted for a coffered oval dome giving off a delicate intimate light that seemed to float or bounce

3. Projecting columns define the space and accent back walls 

4. Easy flow from the entrance to the altar 

7

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Conversion of St. Paul by Caravaggio. 1601. Oil on canvas. 

1. Tenebrism shown with figures primarily cloaked in black 

2. Perspective, chiaroscuro, and dramatic lighting bring the viewers into this painting's space and action

3. Light shining down on Paul symbolizes the revelation and conversion to Christianity 

4. Action is shown in the foreground drawing attention to the center of the image

8

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Entombment by Caravaggio. 1603. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Brought viewers close to the scene/action through perspective and chiaroscuro 

2. Low horizon line augments sense of inclusion

3. Tenebrism used as shadows are primarily cloaked in black

9

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Calling of St. Matthew by Caravaggio. 1601. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Commonplace setting familiar to Caravaggio's work 

2. Christ is cloaked in black with his only identification marker being the shining halo above his head

3. Light shines on Levi, a Roman tax collector, being summoned by Christ as he looks in disbelief 

4. Christ's extended arm is similar to that of Adam's in Michelangelo's Creation of Adam, referencing Christ as the second Adam 

10

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Judith Slaying Holofernes by Artemisia Gentileschi. 1614-20. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Known for use of tenebrism and dark subject matter - influenced by Caravaggio 

2. Narrative involving a heroic woman - Judith cuts off Holofernes', an Assyrian general, head

3. Tension and strain are visible and shown through emotions and positioning of figures

4. Dramatic lighting puts the tension and action in the spotlight of the foreground

11

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Self Portrait as Allegory of Painting by Artemisia Gentileschi. 1639. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Necklace showing a mask symbolizes imitation through painting 

2. Chain symbolizes the continuous linkage of master to pupil from one generation to another

3. Shown as actively engaged in her crafts

4. Self-portrait stood as an assertion of her supreme skill in a field dominated by men

12

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Water Carrier of Seville by Diego Velazquez. 1619. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Contrast of darks and lights and plebeian or commoner nature of figures show Caravaggio's influence on the artist's studies and work

2. Water jugs in foreground with visible water droplets adds to the scene's credibility 

3. Figures rendered with clarity and dignity 

13

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Las Meninas (The Maids of Honor) by Diego Velazquez. 1656. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Contrasts of real, mirrored, and picture spaces aimed to elevate himself and the profession of painting in the eyes of Philip IV. 

2. Setting in the artist's studio in the palace of Alcazar. 

3. Princess Margarita appears in the foreground with her two maids-in-waiting, her favority dwarfs, and a large dog. 

4. Art historians have yet to agree on a particular intepretation of this painting. 

5. Velaquez may be painting the image itself or an image of Philip IV and Queen Mariana, whose reflections appear in the mirror of the far wall. 

6. Portrayed the realities of the image on canvas, of mirror image, of optical image, and of the two painted images. 

7. Noteworthy - Pictorial depth in both directions

8. Open doorway leads the eyes beyond the studio

9. Use of mirrors incorporates space in front of the studio 

 

14

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Elevation of the Cross by Peter Paul Rubens. 1610. Oil on Wood. 

1. Foreshortened anatomy 

2. Emotional and physical tension draws from the violent actions depicted. 

3. The body of Christ on the cross draws a sharp diagonal that cuts dynamically across the picture. 

4. Influence of Caravaggio's tenebrism is seen in the bright highlights and areas of deep shadow and enhanced the drama of the scene 

15

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Arrival of Marie de Medici by Rubens. 1622. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Both the sea and sky rejoice at the Queen's arrival in France. 

2. Allegorical personifications of France - draped in cloak decorated with fleur-de-lis (floral symbol of French royalty)

3. The commander of the vessel is the only immobile figure in the composition 

4. Commander is a sharp accent figure armong the swirling tonality of ivory, gold, and red. 

16

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Consequences of War by Rubens. 1638. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Used this painting to express attitude towards the Thirty Years' War

2. Fluid articulation of human forms and energy shown from the chaotic scene are hallmarks of Rubens' style. 

3. Allegorical painting - Mars rushes forward with a blood stained sword, while venus tries to carress and pull him back. Fury Alekto drags Mars out while holding a flame in the other hand. Monsters personify famine and pestilence that comes with war. On the ground turning her back, Harmony lies with a broken lute. 

17

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Archers of Saint Hadrian by Frans Hals. 1633. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Each individual portrayed differently while retaining actions and variety in the painting as a whole. 

2. Movements and moods vary between individuals with some viewing different directions. 

3. Hals included each detail which made this painting a success 

18

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Women Regents of the Old Men’s Home at Haarlem by Frans Hals. 1664. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Figures portrayed in quiet manner becoming of devout Calvinists. 

2. Stern, puritanical, and composed sensibility

3. Somber and virtually monochromatic palette punctuated by white accents of the clothing contribute to the painting's restraint. 

19

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Self Portrait by Judith Leyster. 1630. Oil on Canvas. 

1. The elegant attire worn by Leyster in replace of a painter's smock represents her as a member of a socially well family. 

2. Viewer is invited to evaluate her skill through both the fiddler and image of herself demonstrate is considerable

3. Self-assurance is shown in the artist through her quick smile and relaxed pose 

20

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp by Rembrandt van Rijn. 1632. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Unusual composition showing figures (members of Amsterdam's surgeouns) clustered to one side of the table to examine the dissection. 

2. By placing the body diagonally and using foreshortening of the corpse, he disrupted the sharp horizontal orientation. 

3. The corpse and Dr. Tulp, a noted physician, appear in the foreground. 

4. Although the attire of the figures is almost identical, each express different levels of interest and different expressions. 

21

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Night Watch (The Company of Captain Frans Baning Cocq) by Rembrandt van Rijn. 1642. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Dramatic use o flight contributes to the animation of this milita group portrait. 

2. The painting's darkness is the result of varnish the artist used which darkens over time 

3. Members shown rushing about in the act of organizing themselves for the parade

4. Displays a musket being loaded, fired and readying the weapon for reloading - which may have pleased the patrons

22

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Return of the Prodigal Son by Rembrandt van Rijn. 1665. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Spiritual stillness shows inward-turning contemplation - strong contrast to Italian Baroque Counter-Reformation works

2. Three shadows note the lesson of mercy as the father forgives and embraces the lost son 

3. Light illuminates the father and son with the witnesses clearly visible and shadowed 

4. Light focuses on facial expression of the father and again on the stern face of the foremost witness 

23

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Self Portrait by Rembrandt van Rijn. 1659. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Interest in revealing the soul is evident by the attention given to his expressive face

2. Controlled use of light and the non-specific setting contribute to this focus ^^^. 

3. Lightness and darkness merge subtly to produce a quiet atmosphere

4. Depicted himself as possessing dignity and strength 

5. X-rays of the painting reveal that Rembrandt originally depicted himself in the act of painting

24

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

View of Haarlem from the Dunes at Overveen by Jacob van Ruisdael. 1670. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Captured a realistic view of Haarlem with the church in the background, numerous windmills, and figures in foreground

2. Inhabitants and dwellings are so small they blend with the landscape

3. Sky fills 3/4 of the frame with sun illuminating the landscape, but only in breaks in the clouds above 

4. Quiet serenity approaching the spiritual (atmosphere)

25

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Woman Holding a Balance by Jan Vermeer. 1664. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Allegory of temperate life represented by the woman holding an empty scale in perfect balance while ignoring the pearls and gold on the table. 

2. Light from the window illuminates the scene

3. Mirror may symbolize self-knowledge or sin of vanity like the pearls and gold

4. Last Judgement painting is shown in the background showing a Catholic role

5. Camera obscura was used to project the image against the back wall

6. Reflections off of surfaces in colors modified by others was shown in the painting (color science)

 

26

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Feast of Saint Nicholas by Jan Steen. 1660. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Allegorical dimension alluding to selfishness, pettiness, and jealousy as Dutch children open Christmas gifts

2. Chaos and disruption displayed

3. Child shown crying from lack of gifts, child in foreground is unwilling to share, some are delighted

27

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Flower Still Life by Rachel Ruysch. After 1700. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Flowers symbolized wealth in the Dutch Republic

2. Floral arrangements noted for careful composition were a hallmark of Ruysch's work 

3. Diagonal running from the lower left to the upper right corner of the canvas offsets the opposing sharp diagonal of the bottom right corner of the table edge. 

28

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Louis XIV by Hyacinthe Rigaud. 1701. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Conveys the image of an absolute monarch

2. Robe hangs loosely over the shoulder suggesting an air of superiority 

3. Figure positioned to look down upon viewer

4. Detailed environment contributes to the royalty of Louis XIV

29

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Palace of Versaillaces and Gardens by Jules Mansart, Charles Le Brun, & Andre Le Notre. 1680. 

1. Transformed a royal hunting lodge into a palace - greatest architectural projects of the age making this a defining statement of French Baroque style 

2. Symbolized the wealth, power and ambition of Louis XIV

3. Axes of three radial avenues intersected the King's spacious bedroom showing absolute power over domains

4. Galerie des Glaces or Hall of Mirrors by Jules Hardouin-Mansart and Le Brun - alleviate the hall's tunnel like quality and extend the width of the room 

5. Mirrors were a favority element of Baroque interior design 

6. Mirrors enhanced the extravagance of the festivals hosted by Louis XIV 

 

30

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Et in Arcadia Ego by Nicolas Poussin. 1655. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Figures inspired by ancient statuary 

2. Did not use dynamic movement or intense emotions

3. Three shepherds dominate the foreground with a woman placing her hand on one of their shoulders - may signify that death is found in Arcadia although it is supposed to be a paradisiacal bliss 

4. Classical figure types