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1

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Cornelia Presenting Her Children as her Treasures (Mother of the Gracchi) (1785) by Angelica Kauffmann. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Example or model of virtue drawn from Greek and Roman history and literature

2. Figures in ancient Roman garb in statuesque poses in Roman architecture - no rococo motif 

3. Theme is the virtue of Cornelia, mother of the future political leaders Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus 

4. Cornelia presents her sons as "jewels" 

5. Composition and drawing are simple and firm like low-relief carving 

 

2

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Oath of the Horatii (1784) by Jacques Louis David. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Greek style of heroic and patriotic subjects - author

2. Believed depicting noble events in history would instill patriotism and civic virtue in the public at large in postrevolutionary France. 

3. Heroic phase of Roman history - pre-Republican Rome

4. Paragon of neoclassical style

5. formal devices present the image with force and clarity 

6. Rigid, angular forms counteract curves on right

 

3

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Death of Marat (1793) by Jacques Louis David. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Commemorates the assassination of Jean-Paul Marat

2. Portrays martyred revolutionary in his bathtub after Charlotte Corday stabbed him to death

3. Direct and clarity of scene 

4. narrative details in foreground - knife, wound, blood, letter  - to sharpen feelings of pain and outrage 

5. Figure based off Christ in Michelangelo's Pieta in St. Peter's in Rome 

6. Altar piece for the new civic religion 

 

4

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

La Madeleine (1807-42) by Pierre Vignon.

1. Constructed for Napolean as a "temple of glory" for his armies 

2. Neoclassical design symbolically linked the Napoleonic and Roman empires - Design based on ancient temples of france

3. Used to express imperial authority 

4. Reverted back to church when Napolean defeated

5. High podium and broad flight of stairs with deep porch and corinthian columns 

6. Classical shell surrounds interior covered by three dome sequences 

7. Traditional church 

 

5

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Monticello (1770-1806) by Thomas Jefferson. 

1. Fond of Italian architect Palladio & studied French classical architecture

2. Remodeled his Virginia home 

3. reminiscent of Palladio's Villa Rotonda and of Chiswick House 

4. Local wood and brick used 

5. Liked Roman architecture after visiting Maison Carree

 

6

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

George Washington (1840) by Horatio Greenough. Marble. 

1. Posthumous portrait - Washington depicted as god by being seminude and enthroned in the manner of Zeus 

2. "Father of his country" 

3. Greenough was commissioned by U.S. Congress to create statue for the Capitol 

4. over 11 ft tall, seated 

5. Neoclassical style - did not win favor of congress or public 

6. Statue never put in capitol - the style was out-of-date being replaced by Romanticism 

 

 

7

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Apotheosis of Homer (1827) by J.A.D. Ingres. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Doctrines of ideal form and of neoclassical taste with loyal academic painters 

2. Main figure sits like a god on the throne while being crowned

3. Iliad and Odyssey represented by statuesque figures

4. Platos, Socrates, and Phidias shown - all worthy ancient figures

5. Project was never completed. 

 

8

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Grande Odalisque (1814) by J.A.D. Ingres. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Greco-Roman subject - neoclassical figure turned into a Turkish harm, with Romantic taste for exotic

2. Admiration for Raphael shown in technique of female head 

3. Precise classical form and romantic themes are combined 

4. Artist originally seen as rebel in both form and content of work 

 

 

9

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Nightmare (1781) by Henry Fuseli. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Self-taught to show his imagination, specializing in horror and dark fantasies 

2. demons believed to prey sexually on sleeping woman 

3. nightmare = "night" "mara" mara was a spirit who tormented and suffocated sleepers 

4. among first to attempt dark terrain of human subconscious

 

10

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters (1798) by Francisco Goya. Etching and aquantint. 

1. dismissed neoclassicism after considering enlightenment and neoclassicism 

2. Depicted himself asleep as main figure while creates threaten him 

3. owl symbolize folly and bats symbolize ignorance 

4. portrayal of what emerges when reason is suppressed or seen as Goya's commitment to the creative process and Romantic spirit - imagination emotions nightmares. 

 

11

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Third of May, 1808 (1814) by Francisco Goya. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Deals with contemporary events not romantic fantasies

2. commissioned by Ferdinand VII after reclaiming throne from French 

3. Napoleonic soldiers shown murdering terrified spanish peasants

 

 

12

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Saturn Devouring one of His Children (1819) by Francisco Goya. Fresco, later detached and mounted on canvas. 

1. mythological tale used to express aging artist's despair over time - saturn = time

2. conveys wildness boldness and brutality that evokes an elemental response 

3. personal and national history presents darly emotional images well in keeping with Romanticism 

 

 

13

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Raft of the Medusa (1818) by Theodore Gericault. Oil on Canvas. 

1. rejected neoclassical compositional principles, moving towards romaniticism 

2. withering bodies showing diff attitidues - suffering despair, death 

3. 1816 shipwreck off african coast of the French 

4. 8 months to complete - horror chaos emotion tragedy 

5. impact neoclassical history painting

6. examined corpses - wanted accurate representation 

7. subdued pallette with x-shaped composition 

8. Commentary on practice of slavery 

 

 

14

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Insane Woman (1822) by Theodore Gericault. Oil on Canvas. 

1. rebelled against enlightenment rationality

2. believed face accurately revealed character especially in madness or death

3. breaks sharply with traditional portraiture 

 

15

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Death of Sardanapalus (1826) by Eugene Delacroix. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Romantic pictorial drama 

2. inspired by a powm 

3. depicted the last hour of the Assyrian king Ashurbanipal 

4. foreground shows slave plunging knife into neck of woman 

5. space is much more crowded than actually was 

6. exotic and erotic overtones 

 

 

16

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Liberty Leading the People (1830) by Eugene Delacroix. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Mix of history and poetic allegory, passion and energy of 1830 revolution captured - shows liberty leading the parisian uprising against charles x 

2. Personification of liberty thrusting warriors forward

3. parisian type of fighters shown - market boy

4. inclusion of notre-dame in background shows locale and event 

 

17

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Abbey in the Oak Forest (1810) by C. D. Friedrich. Oil on Canvas. 

1. Romantic transcendental landscape 

2. ruined gothic church and cemetary demands silence to sacred place 

3. coffin moves into the ruins with emblems of death everywhere 

4. meditation on human mortality 

5. sharp details demonstrate keen perception 

6. inner and outer experience balanced 

7. deep emotion

 

18

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Haywain (1821) by John Constable. Oil on canvas. 

1. does not show civil unrest of agrarian working class and outbreaks of violence and arson 

2. nostalgic view of disappearing english countryside during the industrial revolution 

3. taken from his families land - studied the scene closely

4. meteorologist - captured texture of climate and weather 

 

19

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Slave Ship (1840) by J.M.W. Turner. Oil on Canvas. 

landscape painting contemporary englishside

1. Emotive power of color to express forces of nature and emotional response to it 

2. choice of subject prompted by release of slave trade book 

3. shows captain throwing sick and dying slaves overboard to collect insurance money 

4. immense power of nature over human 

 

20

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Twilight in the Wilderness (1860s) by Frederic Edwin Church. Oil on Canvas 

1. express romantic notion of the sublime 

2. painted during civil war showing wilderness landscape symbolizing america free of conflict - idealistic view 

3. Does not display actual happenings of the time - civil war

4. landscape paintings popular in late 18th and early 19th centuries - nature 

 

21

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Stone Breakers (1849) by Gustave Courbet. Oil on Canvas. 

1 .leading figure in realist movement

2. palette of dirty browns and grays show dreary and dismal nature of menial labor in mid 19-th century france

3. juxtaposition of age - showing this continues throughout life time 

4. not romanticized of idealized - direct and accurate 

5. working poor as subjects was popular to artist 

6. timely and poulist 

 

22

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Burial at Ornans (1849) by Gustave Courbet. Oil on Canvas. 

1. ordinary nature of subject and antiheroic composition horrified critics

2. depicts a funeral in landscape outside artist hometown

3. faces show responses to ceremony 

4. pit of grave opens into foreground 

5. presented daily life and death 

6. showed realism - intentional simplicity and direct method of expression 

7. palette knife used to quickly place big dabs of pace roughly for surface texture 

8. wrote of his brutalities

 

23

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Gleaners (1857) by J.F. Millet. Oil on Canvas. 

1. specialized in depictions of french country life 

2. detailed pictures of forest and country side - of peasant stock and identified with countrys poor

3. impoverished women depicted doing chores - monumental figures in foreground against broad sky 

4. tedious and time-consuming work dominate canvas

 

 

24

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Rue Transnonain (1834) by Honore Daumier. Lithograph. 

1. title refers to paris street where guards attacked the working class for a sniper shot that killed a fellow guard

2. sharp angle of vision adds to the intensity of the scene 

3. quiet aftermath of tragedy portrayed 

4. Realist art - rough and spontaneous

 

25

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Third Class Carriage (1862) by Honore Daumier. Oil on Canvas. 

1. anonymous poor cramped together in third-class railway carriage

2. concerned with disinherited masses of 19th century industrialization

3. unposed attitudes and unplanned arrangements 

4. after 1848 revolution 

 

26

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Horse Fair (1855) by Rosa Bonheur. Oil on Canvas. 

1. realist work - record accurately the anatomy of living horses, even studying carcasses in slaughterhouses

2. panoramic composition with uneven line of march 

3. dramatic lighting, loose brushwork and rolling sky reveal admiration of gericault's style 

4. Engraved reproductions made Bonheur popular

 

27

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Horse Galloping (1878) by Eadweard Muybridge. Calotype print. 

1. specialized in photographic studies of successive stages in human and animal motion - details too quick for the human eye to capture 

2. realist photographer and scientist

3. started by a request from california governor to settle a bet, whether horses have all four feet off the ground 

4. invented zoopraxiscope to project his sequence of images on a screen 

 

28

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Still Life in Studio (1837) by Louis Daguerre. Daguerreotype. 

1. One of the first plates produced after creating daguerreotype

2. captured amazing detail and finely graduated tones of light and shadow 

3. discoveries p. 680 

4. high relief of sculptures basket and cloth

5. symbolic meaning of choice ptions possible - suggest art will not endure forever 

 

29

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Early Operation under Ether (1847) by Southworth & Hawes. Daguerreotype. 

1. demonstrates documentary power of new photography

2. medical students look down at lecture-demonstration 

3. focus on white-draped patient surrounded by dark doctors

4. details and funishings are in focus but several figures blurred from exposure of light 

5. spatial perspective is flattened and relationships emphasized - impressionism 

 

30

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Ophelia (1867) by Julia Margaret Cameron. Albumen print. 

1. often depicted female subjects as biblical characters 

2. slightly blurred focus is distinctive of Cameron's work 

3. dream like tone added to photos in blurriness appropriate ofr fictional characters - mysterious and fragile quality reminiscent of Pre-Raphaelite paintings