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Flashcards in Exam 2 Deck (38)
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1

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Madonna (Virgin) of the Rocks by Leonardo da Vinci. 1485. Oil paint. Page 489. 

1. Chiaroscuro, play of light and shadows within the painting

2. Figures are grouped in a pyramid in the same environment - high acheivement of this time

3. Emotional states of figures were expressed, while the lighting set a tender mood

2

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci. 1495-98. Oil and tempera paint. Page 490.

1. Emotion is shown through the excitement of figures throughout the table. 

2. Slight curve of the pediment behind Jesus symbolizing his holiness and acts as a halo

3. Figures set up in groups of four with three figures in each - gestures and postures show they are united

3

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Mona Lisa by Leonardo da Vinci. 1503-05. Paint. Page 491.

1. Although the colors appear darker today, Leonardo used chiaroscuro to accentuate the highlights of the image. 

2. The woman painted lacks jewelry and signs of wealth, presenting her as having perfect etiquette and possibly show humanism. 

3. Background of endless roads portrays mystery. 

4

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Fetus and Lining of the Uterus by Leonardo da Vinci. 1511. Pen, ink and paper. Page 492. 

1. Anatomical drawings focus on science - popular to Renaissance era

2.  Demonstrated cut away views featuring a child in the womb 

3. Some shapes were incorrect i.e. uterus shaped as a sphere

5

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Pieta by Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1500. Marble. Page 498. 

1. Subject popular to France - Mary cradling Christ's dead body

2. Mary is presented as ageless symbolizing her purity and virginity 

3. Texture is visible in Mary's fabric creating movement in the sculpture. 

6

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

David by Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1501. Marble. Page 499. 

1. David was a symbol of liberty to the Florence people. 

2. Shows David before victory of Goliath. Rugged torso, sturdy limbs, and large hands and feet signify the triumph to come. 

3. Different from other David statues, Michelangelo turned David's head towards what would be his opposition. 

7

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Moses by Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1513. Marble. Page 500. 

1. Emotional and physical energy is portrayed through bulging muscles, a tilted head, and leg positioning. 

2. Horns seen on Moses's head emerged from Christian art and aided in identifying the figure. 

3. The Tablets of the Law tucked under one arm symbolize the prophet as a stern. 

8

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Bound Slave by Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1513. Marble. Page 500. 

1. Assymetrical positioning portrays intensity and frantic emotions 

2. Suggested that this figure was originally a slave. 

3. Arms behind the back show signs of struggle. 

9

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Sistine Chapel (Ceiling) by Michelangelo Buonarroti. 1508-12. Fresco painting. Page 502. 

1. Sequence of narrative panels describing the creation run along the vault. 

2. Figures sharply outlined against neutral tone of architectural setting. 

3. Narrative ideas show interest from that time period through conflicts of good and evil and energy of youth and wisdom of age. 

10

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

School of Athens by Raphael. 1509-11. Paint. Page 495. 

1. Groups divided on sides: Plato - philosophers and Aristotle - scientists 

2. Group moves easily with postures and gestures symbolizing engagement of ideas and beliefs

3. Statues of Apollo and Athena symbolize art and wisdom

11

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Marriage of the Virgin by Raphael. 1504. Paint. Page 493. 

1. Foreshortening can be seen in the bottom right corner as an unsuccessful suitor breaks his rod. 

2. Perspective draws from the back to the front showing depth within the image. 

3. Individual figures show different emotions - men on the right are upset, virgins on left are looking in awe 

12

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Madonna in the Meadow by Raphael. 1505. Oil paint. Page 494. 

1. Figures arranged in a pyramid. 

2. Faces and figures modeled in chiaroscuro with light and shadows. 

3. Although he attempted Leonardo's background style, he maintained his feather trees and lighter blue colors. 

13

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Galatea by Raphael. 1513. Fresco painting. Page 496. 

1. Symbolization of human eauty and love 

2. Energetic center of Galatea with sturdy figures surrounding her as a focal point

3. Foreshortening of cupids form a circle around Galatea 

14

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Pope Leo X with Cardinals by Raphael. 1514. Paint. Page 496. 

1. Main figure (Medici Pope) depicted as art collecter and educated man. 

2. Subtle characteristics of the main figure were displayed i.e. magnifying glass due to myopia condition

3. Figures shown as absorbed in their own thoughts - shown by the direction they each face. 

15

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Tempietto by Bramante. 1502. Marble. Page 496. 

1. Stepped temple platform (stylobate) circular design 

2. Rythmical play of light and shadows between the columns, windows, walls and drums. 

3. Round and elevated on a base - high renaissance architecture 

16

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Plan and medal for New St. Peter's by Bramante. 1505. Drawing Medal. Page 507. 

1. Arms of equal length terminating in an apse. 

2. Two towers were added to break up the massive unity of the temple in the center. 

3. Interior of design showed interlocking crosses, five with domes 

17

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Pastoral Symphony by “Giorgione” da Castelfranco. 1508. Paint. Page 514. 

1. Tranquility portrayed by dense nature background. 

2. Soft mood set by positioning of figures. 

3. Poetry is symbolized by shepherd, pipes and lute. 

18

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Tempest by “Giorgione” da Castelfranco. 1510. Oil on canvas. Page 514. 

1. Focus of poesia, or display of poetry

2. Stormy skies and lightening threaten tranquility. 

3. Figures were changed as the painting continued on, showing the artist may not have planned on specific figures. 

19

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Madonna of the Pesaro Family by Titian. 1519. Oil on Canvas. Page 516. 

1. Human and heaven incorporated through family members and Saint Peter. 

2. Figures in a steep diagonal with Madonna in the upmost position symbolizing her importance. 

3. Pesaro family members shown kneeling in the right foreground - draws attention and shows the honor of achievement 

 

20

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Venus of Urbino by Titiana. 1538. Oil on canvas. Page 517. 

1. Foreground and background divided by round edges of Venus' body and  sharp edges of the background. 

2. Depth of space is shown through smaller units in the back. 

3. Color shades contribute to depth i.e. two deep shades of red portray distance - organized placement of figures and forms

21

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Last Supper by Tintoretto. 1594. Oil on Canvas. Page 524. 

1. Dark interior with one illuminated light casts a feeling of biblical nature on the image. 

2. Imbalanced compositions and visual complexity are characteristics of Mannerist style 

3. Depth is portrayed through Crist being at a diagonal line away from the picture frame. 

22

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Entombment of Christ by Jacopo da Pontormo. 1528. Oil on wood. Page 520. 

1. Light contrasting colors of blues and pinks show complexity of work. 

2. Distortions in figures and twisting characteristics are characteristics of Mannerist style. 

3. Center is clear with only hands shown - symbolizes void and emotion of image. Figures arranged in a circular pattern. 

23

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Madonna with the Long Neck by Parmigianino. 1535. Oil on Wood. Page 521. 

1. Elegant style is a characteristic of Mannerist style. 

2. Cupid is shown as angelic, soft and smooth. 

3. Small oval head and elongation of Madonna shows characteristics of Mannerist style. 

24

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Last Judgement by Michelangelo Buonarotti. 1541. Fresco painting. Page 504. 

1. Christ is the center figure depicted as a stern judge 

2. Gruesome images on the bottom of the painting represent images of hell and sinners. 

3. Saved souls group around Christ. 

25

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Venus, Cupid, Folly, and TIme by Bronzino. 1546. Oil on Wood. Page 522. 

1. Mannerist painting characterized by masks, symbolizing deciet. 

2. Time in the upper right corner is shown pulling a curtain to reveal cupid and his mother fondelling. 

3. Heads, hands, and feet show characteristics of mannerist style as they are graceful. 

26

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Portrait of the Artist's Sisters and Brothers by Sofonisba Anguissola. 1555. Oil on Wood. Page 523. 

1. Affectionate poses portray an informal intimate setting. 

2. Ages are portrayed by the facial expression of figures. Left oldest looks dignified, middle - curiousity, last - diverted attention. 

3. Relaxed poses set the tone of the image

27

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Palazzo del Te by Giulio Romano. 1525. Marble/Stone. Page 528. 

1. Square central entrance is the focal point

2. Keystones are slipping away from the structure - a characteristic of mannerist style

3. Eccentric design is shown in the narrowing of columns 

28

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

The Garden of Earthly Delights by Hieronymus Bosch. 1505-10. Oil on Wood. Page 532. 

1. Suggested the painting was made for a wedding due to the focus of sex and procreation. 

2. Fruit and birds in the center panel symbolize fertility. 

3. Suggested the last panel warns of fate waiting for sinners. 

29

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Allegory of Law and Grace by Lucas Cranach the Elder. 1530. Wood. Page 541. 

1. Contrast of Catholic and Protestant views on how to achieve salvation. 

2. Moses is shown holding the 10 Commandments. 

3. Centrally placed tree divides the two religious images. 

30

What is the name of the artist and title? What is the date of this piece? What medium did this artist use? What are 3 significant points about this piece of art?

Isenheim Altarpiece by Matthias Grunewald. 1510-15. Oil on Wood. Page 536. 

1. Lamb symbolizes the son of god

2. Panels show themese of illness and miraculous healing. 

3. Temptations shown in the bottom right panel with creatures attacking a saint in a dark landscape.